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Dawson, Georgia
Dawson City Hall
Dawson City Hall
Location in Terrell County and the state of Georgia
Location in Terrell County and the state of Georgia
Country United States
State Georgia
County Terrell
Area
 • Total 3.75 sq mi (9.72 km2)
 • Land 3.75 sq mi (9.72 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
351 ft (107 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 4,414
 • Density 1,176.44/sq mi (454.25/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
39842
Area code(s) 229
FIPS code 13-21912
GNIS feature ID 0313367

Dawson is a city in and the county seat of Terrell County, Georgia, United States. The population was 4,414 at the 2020 census. Incorporated on December 22, 1857, the city is named for Senator William Crosby Dawson.

Dawson is part of the Albany, Georgia Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Dawson was founded in 1856 as seat of the newly formed Terrell County. It was incorporated as a town in 1857 and as a city in 1872. It was an important site in the 1960s, when the county in which it is located was labeled "Terrible Terrell" by the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Jackie Robinson helped raise money to rebuild three Black churches that were burned in the area.

Geography

Dawson is located in Southwest Georgia along U.S. Route 82 and Georgia State Route 520 (Columbus Highway), which leads southeast 8 mi (13 km) to Sasser and northwest 9 mi (14 km) to Parrott. U.S. 82 leads west 21 mi (34 km) to Cuthbert and 47 mi (76 km) to Eufaula, Alabama. Albany is 24 mi (39 km) southeast and Columbus is 63 mi (101 km) northwest.

The city is located at 31°46′26″N 84°26′27″W / 31.77389°N 84.44083°W / 31.77389; -84.44083 (31.773969, -84.440870).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 521
1870 1,099 110.9%
1880 1,576 43.4%
1890 2,284 44.9%
1900 2,926 28.1%
1910 3,827 30.8%
1920 3,504 −8.4%
1930 3,827 9.2%
1940 3,681 −3.8%
1950 4,411 19.8%
1960 5,062 14.8%
1970 5,383 6.3%
1980 5,699 5.9%
1990 5,295 −7.1%
2000 5,058 −4.5%
2010 4,540 −10.2%
2020 4,414 −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2020 census

Dawson racial composition
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 613 13.89%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,618 81.97%
Native American 6 0.14%
Asian 44 1.0%
Pacific Islander 1 0.02%
Other/Mixed 88 1.99%
Hispanic or Latino 44 1.0%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 4,414 people, 1,577 households, and 1,080 families residing in the city.

Climate

This area climate is characterized by Wamer humid summers and generally mild to cold in the winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, England has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Dawson, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.6
(78)
14.4
(58)
17.2
(63)
23.9
(75)
26.1
(79)
30
(86)
33.3
(92)
33.9
(93)
32.8
(91)
26.1
(79)
20.6
(69)
15.6
(60)
26.1
(79)
Average low °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
4.4
(40)
10.6
(51)
11.7
(53)
17.8
(64)
20
(68)
21.1
(70)
21.7
(71)
20.6
(69)
11.7
(53)
6.7
(44)
2.2
(36)
12.8
(55)
Precipitation mm (inches) 117
(4.6)
114
(4.5)
140
(5.5)
104
(4.1)
91
(3.6)
130
(5.1)
150
(5.9)
122
(4.8)
99
(3.9)
56
(2.2)
76
(3)
112
(4.4)
1,250
(49.2)
Source: Weatherbase

Education

Terrell County School District

The Terrell County School District holds pre-school to grade twelve, and consists of two elementary schools, a middle school and a high school. The district has 98 full-time teachers and over 1,764 students.

  • Cooper-Carver Elementary School
  • Terrell County Middle High School

Private education

  • Terrell Academy - Founded as a segregation academy in response to the racial desegregation of public schools.

Higher education

Nearby Albany has three colleges to which students may easily commute: Darton State College, Albany State University, and Albany Technical College. To the west, in Cuthbert, is historic Andrew College. Also nearby is Georgia Southwestern State University in Americus.

Notable people

  • Otis Redding - American singer, songwriter, record producer, arranger, and talent scout, considered one of the greatest singers in the history of American popular music, soul music, and rhythm and blues.
  • Lucius D. Battle - ambassador to Egypt
  • Erle Cocke, Jr. - U.S. National Guard general
  • Wayland Flowers - puppeteer best known for his puppet known as "Madame"
  • Bessie Jones - gospel/folk singer
  • Benjamin J. Davis - attorney who defended man trying to organize a union from insurrection charges; elected as New York City Councilman after move to New York; Communist Party leader in 1930s
  • Robert J. Jones - Chancellor of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; former President of the State University of New York at Albany
  • Walter Washington - elected as first mayor of Washington, D.C. after the city was granted home rule by Congress
  • Cole Swindell - American country music singer and songwriter.
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