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Edward Condon
Edward U. Condon.jpg
Edward Condon (undated)
4th Director of National Bureau of Standards (NBS)
In office
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Lyman James Briggs
Succeeded by Allen V. Astin
Personal details
Born (1902-03-02)March 2, 1902
Alamogordo, Territory of New Mexico, USA
Died March 26, 1974(1974-03-26) (aged 72)
Boulder, Colorado, USA
Citizenship United States
Alma mater University of California, Berkeley
Known for Radar and nuclear weapons research, target of McCarthyism
Scientific career
Fields Physics
Thesis On the theory of intensity distribution in band systems (1927)
Doctoral advisor Raymond Thayer Birge
Doctoral students Edwin McMillan

Edward Uhler Condon (March 2, 1902 – March 26, 1974) was an American nuclear physicist, a pioneer in quantum mechanics, and a participant in the development of radar and nuclear weapons during World War II, very briefly, as part of the Manhattan Project. The Franck–Condon principle and the Slater–Condon rules are co-named after him.

He was the director of the National Bureau of Standards (now NIST) from 1945 to 1951. In 1946, Condon was president of the American Physical Society, and in 1953 was president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

During the McCarthy period, when efforts were being made to root out communist sympathizers in the United States, Edward Condon was a target of the House Un-American Activities Committee on the grounds that he was a 'follower' of a 'new revolutionary movement', quantum mechanics; Condon defended himself with a famous commitment to physics and science.

Condon became widely known in 1968 as principal author of the Condon Report, an official review funded by the United States Air Force that concluded that unidentified flying objects (UFOs) have prosaic explanations. The lunar crater Condon is named for him.

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