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Boulder, Colorado
Home rule city
Pearl Street Mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado.
Pearl Street Mall in downtown Boulder, Colorado.
Official seal of Boulder, Colorado
Seal
Location of the City of Boulder in Boulder County, Colorado
Location of the City of Boulder in Boulder County, Colorado
Boulder, Colorado is located in the United States
Boulder, Colorado
Boulder, Colorado
Location in the United States
Country  United States
State  Colorado
County Boulder County seat
Settled 1858 as Boulder City, N.T.
Incorporated 1871-11-04
Government
 • Type Home rule municipality
Area
 • Total 27.366 sq mi (70.877 km2)
 • Land 26.328 sq mi (68.188 km2)
 • Water 1.038 sq mi (2.689 km2)
Elevation
5,318 ft (1,621 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 108,250
 • Rank 12th in Colorado
289th in United States
 • Density 4,112/sq mi (1,588/km2)
 • Metro
330,758 (155th)
 • CSA
3,623,560 (17th)
 • Front Range
5,055,344
Demonym(s) Boulderite
Time zone UTC−07:00 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−06:00 (MDT)
ZIP Codes
80301-80310, 80314, 80321-80323, 80328, 80329
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-07850
GNIS feature ID 178680
Highways US 36.svg Colorado 7.svg Colorado 52.svg Colorado 93.svg Colorado 119.svg Colorado 157.svg

Boulder is a home rule city that is the county seat and most populous municipality of Boulder County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 108,250 at the 2020 United States Census, making it the 12th most populous city in Colorado. Boulder is the principal city of the Boulder, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and an important part of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

Boulder is located at the base of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains, at an elevation of 5,430 feet (1,655 m) above sea level. Boulder is 25 miles (40 km) northwest of the Colorado state capital of Denver. It is home of the main campus of the University of Colorado, the state's largest university.

History

Boulder, Colorado, ca. 1900
Panorama print of Boulder, 1900

On November 7, 1861, legislation was passed making way for the state university to be located in Boulder, and on September 20, 1875, the first cornerstone was laid for the first building (Old Main Building) on the C.U. campus. The university officially opened on September 5, 1877.

Boulder adopted an anti-saloon ordinance in 1907. Statewide prohibition started in Colorado in 1916 and ended with the repeal of national prohibition in 1933.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 343
1880 3,069 794.8%
1890 3,330 8.5%
1900 6,150 84.7%
1910 9,539 55.1%
1920 11,006 15.4%
1930 11,223 2.0%
1940 12,958 15.5%
1950 19,999 54.3%
1960 37,718 88.6%
1970 66,870 77.3%
1980 76,685 14.7%
1990 83,312 8.6%
2000 94,673 13.6%
2010 97,385 2.9%
2020 108,250 11.2%
U.S. Decennial Census

Boulder is the principal city of the Boulder, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the 2010 census, there were 97,385 people, 41,302 households, and 16,694 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,942.7 inhabitants per square mile (1,524.0/km2). There were 43,479 housing units at an average density of 1,760.3 per square mile (680.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.0% White, 0.9% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 4.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.2% some other race, and 2.6% from two or more races. 8.7% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 41,302 households, out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were headed by married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 59.6% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16, and the average family size was 2.84.

Boulder's population is younger than the national average, largely due to the presence of university students. The median age at the 2010 census was 28.7 years compared to the U.S. median of 37.2 years. In Boulder, 13.9% of the residents were younger than the age of 18, 29.1% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and older, there were 106.2 males.

In 2011 the estimated median household income in Boulder was $57,112, and the median family income was $113,681. Male full-time workers had a median income of $71,993 versus $47,574 for females. The per capita income for the city was $37,600. 24.8% of the population and 7.6% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 17.4% of those under the age of 18 and 6.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Boulder housing tends to be priced higher than surrounding areas. For the 2nd quarter of 2006, the median single-family home in Boulder sold for $548,000 and the median attached dwelling (condo or town home) sold for $262,000. According to the National Association of Realtors, during the same period the median value of one-family homes nationwide was $227,500. The median price of a home exceeded $1 million in July 2016.

Geography

Flatirons Winter Sunrise edit 2
Boulder's iconic rock formations, the Flatirons

The city of Boulder is in Boulder Valley where the Rocky Mountains meet the Great Plains. West of the city are slabs of sedimentary stone tilted up on the foothills, known as the Flatirons. The Flatirons are a widely recognized symbol of Boulder.

The primary water flow through the city is Boulder Creek. The creek was named well ahead of the city's founding, for all of the large granite boulders that have cascaded into the creek over the eons. It is from Boulder Creek that Boulder city is believed to have taken its name. Boulder Creek has significant water flow, derived primarily from snow melt and minor springs west of the city. The creek is a tributary of the South Platte River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.7 square miles (66.5 km2). 24.7 square miles (63.9 km2) of it is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) of it (3.97%) is water.

The 40th parallel (40 degrees north latitude) runs through Boulder and can be easily recognized as Baseline Road today.

Boulder lies in a wide basin beneath Flagstaff Mountain just a few miles east of the continental divide and about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Denver. Arapahoe Glacier provides water for the city, along with Boulder Creek, which flows through the center of the city.

Denver International Airport is located 45 miles (72 km) southeast of Boulder.

Climate

Weather chart for Boulder, Colorado
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.7
 
47
22
 
 
0.8
 
48
23
 
 
2.1
 
56
29
 
 
2.7
 
63
36
 
 
2.8
 
72
44
 
 
2.2
 
82
51
 
 
1.8
 
88
57
 
 
1.9
 
85
56
 
 
1.6
 
78
48
 
 
1.6
 
66
38
 
 
1.3
 
54
29
 
 
0.9
 
45
21
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: NOAA
The Flatirons in autumn.
Autumn in Boulder brings many sunny days
Boulder after a snowfall.
Snowfall is common in Boulder throughout the winter

Boulder has a temperate climate typical for much of the state and receives many sunny or mostly sunny days each year. The city is commonly claimed to be semi-arid, but under the Köppen climate classification, the city has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa). Winter conditions range from generally mild to the occasional bitterly cold, with highs averaging in the mid to upper 40s °F (7–9 °C). There are 4.6 nights annually when the temperature reaches 0 °F (−18 °C). Because of orographic lift, the mountains to the west often dry out the air passing over the Front Range, often shielding the city from precipitation in winter, though heavy falls may occur. Snowfall averages 88 inches (220 cm) per season, but snow depth is usually shallow; a strong warming sun due to the high elevation can quickly melt snow cover during the day, and Chinook winds bring rapid warm-ups throughout the winter months. Summers are very warm and dry, with 30 days reaching 90 °F (32 °C) or above. Diurnal temperature variation is typically large year-round due to the high-elevation dry climate. Daytime highs are generally cooler than most other Front Range cities with similar elevations. However, Boulder's nighttime lows, particularly during winter, are some of the mildest in the state. Daily average temperatures remain above 32 °F (0 °C) year-round.

The highest recorded temperature of 104 °F (40 °C) occurred most recently within the city on June 25, 2012. The lowest temperature recorded in Boulder was −33 °F (−36 °C) on January 17, 1930. The lowest maximum temperature in Boulder, −12 °F (−24 °C), was on February 4, 1989. In contrast, on June 24, 1954, Boulder's overnight low temperature did not drop below 80 °F (27 °C).

Climate data for Boulder, Colorado (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23.3)
79
(26.1)
90
(32.2)
88
(31.1)
95
(35)
104
(40)
104
(40)
102
(38.9)
100
(37.8)
92
(33.3)
79
(26.1)
76
(24.4)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 46.9
(8.28)
48.3
(9.06)
56.0
(13.33)
63.3
(17.39)
72.2
(22.33)
81.6
(27.56)
87.7
(30.94)
85.3
(29.61)
77.7
(25.39)
65.8
(18.78)
53.7
(12.06)
45.3
(7.39)
65.3
(18.5)
Average low °F (°C) 22.2
(-5.44)
23.1
(-4.94)
29.2
(-1.56)
35.6
(2)
43.5
(6.39)
51.3
(10.72)
57.3
(14.06)
56.1
(13.39)
48.0
(8.89)
37.8
(3.22)
28.5
(-1.94)
21.3
(-5.94)
37.8
(3.22)
Record low °F (°C) −33
(-36.1)
−28
(-33.3)
−13
(-25)
−3
(-19.4)
17
(-8.3)
20
(-6.7)
40
(4.4)
40
(4.4)
15
(-9.4)
−2
(-18.9)
−12
(-24.4)
−24
(-31.1)
−33
(-36.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.71
(18)
0.84
(21.3)
2.12
(53.8)
2.70
(68.6)
2.81
(71.4)
2.20
(55.9)
1.79
(45.5)
1.91
(48.5)
1.63
(41.4)
1.56
(39.6)
1.34
(34)
.90
(23)
20.51
(521)
Snowfall inches (cm) 11.6
(29.5)
11.6
(29.5)
17.2
(43.7)
11.4
(29)
0.7
(1.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
5.6
(14.2)
14.2
(36.1)
13.9
(35.3)
87.6
(222.5)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.3 6.4 8.4 10.0 12.1 10.4 10.4 10.8 8.3 7.2 5.9 5.7 101.0
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 5.2 6.3 6.4 4.2 0.6 0 0 0 0.5 1.8 4.8 5.4 35.2
Source: NOAA (extremes 1893–present)

Culture

Outdoor sports

Bouldercolorado
Trailheads for many popular hikes are located at Chautauqua park.

Boulder is surrounded by thousands of acres of recreational open space, conservation easements, and nature preserves. Almost 60 percent, 35,584 acres (144.00 km2), of open space totaling 61,529 acres (249.00 km2) is open to the public.

Rock climbing is found near the small unincorporated community of Eldorado Springs, south of Boulder. There are also climbing routes available in the city open space, including climbing routes of varying difficulty on the Flatirons themselves (traditional protection). Boulder Canyon (sport), directly west of downtown Boulder, also has many routes. All three of these areas are affected by seasonal closures for wildlife.

USA Rugby, the national governing body for rugby in the United States, is headquartered in Boulder.

Bolder Boulder

Boulder has hosted a 10 km road run, the Bolder Boulder, on Memorial Day, every year since 1979. The race involves over 50,000 runners, joggers, walkers, and wheelchair racers, making it one of the largest road races in the world. It has the largest non-marathon prize purse in road racing. The race culminates at Folsom Field with a Memorial Day Tribute. The 2007 race featured over 54,000 runners, walkers, and wheelchair racers, making it the largest race in the US in which all participants are timed and the fifth largest road race in the world.

Music

Founded in 1958, the Boulder Philharmonic Orchestra is a critically acclaimed professional orchestra that offers dynamic programming under the leadership of its Music Director Michael Butterman.

Founded in 1976 by Giora Bernstein, the Colorado Music Festival presents a summer series of concerts in Chautauqua Auditorium.

Conference on World Affairs

The Conference on World Affairs, started in 1948, is an annual one-week conference featuring dozens of discussion panels on a variety of contemporary issues.

eTown

The internationally syndicated radio program eTown has its headquarters at eTown Hall, 16th and Spruce Streets, in downtown Boulder. Most tapings of this weekly show are done at eTown Hall.

Polar Bear Plunge

Beginning in 1983, hundreds of people head to the Boulder Reservoir on New Year's Day to take part in the annual polar bear plunge. With rescue teams standing by, participants use a variety of techniques to plunge themselves into the freezing reservoir. Once the plunge is complete, swimmers retreat to hot tubs on the reservoir beach to revive themselves from the cold.

Boulder Cruiser Ride

The Boulder Cruiser Ride is a weekly bicycle ride in Boulder Colorado. The Boulder Cruiser Ride grew from a group of friends and friends of friends riding bicycles around Boulder into "an all out public mob". Some enthusiasts gather wearing costumes and decorating their bikes; themes are an integral part of the cruiser tradition. Boulder Police began following the cruiser ride as it gained in popularity. Issues with underage drinking, reckless bicycle riding, and other nuisance complaints led organizers to drop the cruiser ride as a public event. Returning to an underground format, where enthusiasts must become part of the social network before gaining access to event sites, the Boulder Cruiser Ride has continued as a local tradition. On May 30, 2013 over 400 riders attended the Thursday night Cruiser Ride in honor of "Big Boy", an elk that was shot and killed on New Year's Day by an on duty Boulder Police officer.

Top rankings

Boulder has gathered many top rankings in recent years for health, well-being, quality of life, education and art. The partial list below shows some of the nominations.

  • The 10 Happiest Cities – No. 1 – Moneywatch.bnet.com
  • Top Brainiest Cities – No. 1 – Portfolio.com
  • Ten Best Cities for the Next Decade – No. 4 – Kiplinger's Personal Finance magazine
  • Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index – No. 1 – USA Today
  • Best Cities to Raise an Outdoor Kid – No. 1 – Backpacker Magazine
  • America's Top 25 Towns to Live Well – No. 1 – Forbes.com
  • Top 10 Healthiest Cities to Live and Retire – No. 6 – AARP magazine
  • Top 10 Cities for Artists – No. 8 – Business Week
  • Lesser-Known LGBT Family-Friendly Cities – No. 1 – Wearegoodkin.com
  • America's Foodiest Town – No. 1 – Bon Appetit magazine
  • Queerest Cities in America 2015 — No. 10 — Advocate.com

Infrastructure

Transportation

Descending Boulder Denver Turnpike Into Boulder
A view of the city from northbound US 36 as the highway descends into Boulder

Since Boulder has operated under residential growth control ordinances since 1976, the growth of employment in the city has far outstripped population growth. Considerable road traffic enters the city each morning and leaves each afternoon, since many employees live in Longmont, Lafayette, Louisville, Broomfield, Westminster, and Denver. Boulder is served by US 36 and a variety of state highways. Parking regulations in Boulder have been explicitly designed to discourage parking by commuters and to encourage the use of mass transit, with mixed results.

Over the years, Boulder has made significant investments in the multi-modal network. The city is now well known for its grade-separated bicycle and pedestrian paths, which are integrated into a network of bicycle lanes, cycle tracks, and on-street bicycle routes. Boulder also provides a community transit network that connects downtown, the University of Colorado campuses, and local shopping amenities. While the city has no rail transit, local and regional shuttle busses are funded by a variety of sources. Due in part to these investments in pedestrian, bicycle, and transit infrastructure, Boulder has been recognized both nationally and internationally for its transportation system.

In 2009, the Boulder metropolitan statistical area (MSA) ranked as the fourth highest in the United States for percentage of commuters who biked to work (5.4 percent). In 2013, the Boulder MSA ranked as the fourth lowest in the United States for percentage of workers who commuted by private automobile (71.9 percent). During the same time period, 11.1 percent of Boulder area workers had no commute whatsoever: they worked out of the home.

Transit

Boulder has an extensive bus system operated by the Regional Transportation District (RTD). The HOP, SKIP, JUMP, Bound, DASH and Stampede routes run throughout the city and connect to nearby communities with departures every ten minutes during peak hours, Monday-Friday. Other routes, such as the 204, 205, 206, 208 and 209 depart every 15 to 30 minutes. Regional routes, traveling between nearby cities such as Longmont (BOLT, J), Golden (GS), and Denver (Flatiron Flyer, a bus rapid transit route), as well as Denver International Airport (AB), are also available. There are over 100 scheduled daily bus trips on seven routes that run between Boulder and Denver on weekdays.

Future transit plans

A 41-mile RTD commuter rail route called the Northwest Rail Line is proposed to run from Denver through Boulder to Longmont, with stops in major communities along the way. The Boulder station is to be north of Pearl Street and east of 30th Street. At one time this commuter rail service was scheduled to commence in 2014, but major delays have ensued. In 2016, an initial six-mile segment opened, reaching from downtown Denver to southern Westminster at West 71st Avenue and Federal Boulevard. The remaining 35 miles of the Northwest Rail Line is planned to be completed by 2044, depending upon funding.

These future transit plans, as well as the current Flatiron Flyer Bus Rapid Transit route, are part of FasTracks, an RTD transit improvement plan funded by a 0.4% increase in the sales tax throughout the Denver metro area. RTD, the developer of FasTracks, is partnering with the city of Boulder to plan a transit-oriented development near Pearl and 33rd Streets in association with the proposed Boulder commuter rail station. The development is to feature the Boulder Railroad Depot, already relocated to that site, which may be returned to a transit-related use.

Cycling

Boulder, well known for its bicycle culture, boasts hundreds of miles of bicycle-pedestrian paths, lanes, and routes that interconnect to create a renowned network of bikeways usable year-round. Boulder has 74 bike and pedestrian underpasses that facilitate safer and uninterrupted travel throughout much of the city. The city offers a route-finding website that allows users to map personalized bike routes around the city, and is one of five communities to have received a "Platinum Bicycle Friendly Community" rating from the League of American Bicyclists.

The headquarters of the free and non-obligatory hospitality exchange network Warm Showers is based in Boulder.

In May 2011, B-cycle bike-sharing opened in Boulder with 100 red bikes and 12 stations.

Airport

Boulder Municipal Airport is located 3 miles (4.8 km) from central Boulder, is owned by the City of Boulder and is used exclusively for general aviation, with most traffic consisting of single-engine airplanes and glider aircraft.

Growth management

Government preservation of open space around Boulder began with the Congress of the United States approving the allocation of 1,800 acres (7.3 km2) of mountain backdrop/watershed extending from South Boulder Creek to Sunshine Canyon in 1899.

Since then, Boulder has adopted a policy of controlled urban expansion. In 1959, city voters approved the "Blue Line" city-charter amendment which restricted city water service to altitudes below 5,750 feet (1,750 m), in an effort to protect the mountain backdrop from development. In 1967, city voters approved a dedicated sales tax for the acquisition of open space in an effort to contain urban sprawl. In 1970, Boulder created a "comprehensive plan" that would dictate future zoning, transportation, and urban planning decisions. Hoping to preserve residents' views of the mountains, in 1972, the city enacted an ordinance limiting the height of newly constructed buildings. A Historic-Preservation Code was passed in 1974, and a residential-growth management ordinance (the Danish Plan) in 1976.

Effective growth management has resulted in rapid appreciation of housing values with the median home price rising 60% over the period 2010 to 2015 to $648,200.

Wildlife protection

Cynomys ludovicianus retuschiert
Prairie Dogs enjoy special protection in Boulder.

The City of Boulder has created an Urban Wildlife Management Plan which sets policies for managing and protecting urban wildlife. Also, the city's parks department has volunteers who monitor parks (including wetlands, lakes, etc.) to protect ecosystems. From time to time, parks and hiking trails are closed to conserve or restore ecosystems. Traditionally, Boulder has avoided the use of chemical pesticides for controlling the insect population. However, with the threat of West Nile Virus, the city began an integrative plan to control the mosquito population in 2003 that includes chemical pesticides. Residents can opt-out of the program by contacting the city and asking that their areas not be sprayed.

Under Boulder law, extermination of prairie dogs requires a permit.

Also in 2005, the city experimented with using goats for weed control in environmentally sensitive areas. Goats naturally consume diffuse knapweed and Canada thistle, and although the program was not as effective as it was hoped, goats will still be considered in the future weed control projects. In 2010, goats were used to keep weeds under control at the Boulder Reservoir.

Sister cities

Boulder has seven official sister cities:

  • Tajikistan Dushanbe, Tajikistan (since May 8, 1987)
  • Nicaragua Jalapa, Nicaragua
  • People's Republic of China Lhasa, China (since 1987)
  • Mexico Ciudad Mante, Mexico
  • Japan Yamagata, Japan (since 1994)
  • Cuba Yateras, Cuba
  • Kenya Kisumu, Kenya

Landmarks representing Boulder's connection with its various sister cities can be found throughout the city. Boulder's Sister City Plaza – dedicated on May 17, 2007 – is located on the east lawn of Boulder's Municipal Building. The plaza was built to honor all of Boulder's sister city relationships. The Dushanbe Tea House is located on 13th Street just south of the Pearl Street Mall. Dushanbe presented its distinctive tea house as a gift to Boulder in 1987. It was completed in Tajikistan in 1990, then shipped to Boulder where it was reassembled and opened to the public in 1998. A mural representing the relationship between Boulder and Mante, Mexico was dedicated in August 2001. The mural, which was painted by Mante muralist Florian Lopez, is located on the north-facing wall of the Dairy Center for the Performing Arts.

More information about Boulder's sister city relationships can be found at Boulder's official website: https://bouldercolorado.gov/sister-cities.

In popular culture

MorkMindyHouse
1619 Pine Street was used for the external shots of Mindy's house on the TV show Mork & Mindy.

Woody Allen's film Sleeper (1973) was filmed on location in Boulder. Some houses and the Mesa Laboratory of the National Center for Atmospheric Research, designed by I. M. Pei, were used in the film.

Boulder was a setting for Stephen King's book The Stand (1978), as the gathering point for some of the survivors of the superflu. King lived in Boulder for a little less than a year, beginning in the autumn of 1974, and wrote The Shining (1977) during this period.

The television sitcom Mork & Mindy (1978–1982) was set in Boulder, with 1619 Pine St. serving as the exterior shot of Mindy's home. The New York Deli, a restaurant on the Pearl Street Mall, was also featured prominently in the series.

In the American version of the television sitcom The Office, the character Michael Scott leaves the show in season 7 and moves with his fiancée to Boulder.

Economy

The Hill in Boulder Colorado Shot 2
"The Hill" is one of the centers of off-campus life for students at the University of Colorado.

The Boulder MSA had a gross metropolitan product of $18.3 billion in 2010, the 110th largest metropolitan economy in the United States.

In 2007, Boulder became the first city in the United States to levy a carbon tax.

In 2013, Boulder appeared on Forbes magazine's list of Best Places for Business and Careers.

Top employers

According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 University of Colorado at Boulder 9,473
2 Boulder Valley School District 4,500
3 Boulder Community Hospital 2,380
4 Boulder County 1,959
5 Ball Corporation 1,600
6 IBM Corporation 1,400
7 City of Boulder 1,351
8 Google 1,350
9 National Center for Atmospheric Research 1,187
10 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 867

Education

Public schools

The Boulder Valley School District (BVSD) administers the public school system in Boulder.

Charter schools

Charter schools within the city of Boulder include Preparatory High School (9–12), Summit Middle School (6–8), and Horizons Alternative School (K–8).

Private schools

A variety of private high schools, middle schools and elementary schools operate in Boulder.

Colleges and universities

Naropa University campus
Part of the campus of Naropa University
  • University of Colorado Boulder, public university which contributes roughly 46,000 residents (30,000 undergraduate students, 7,000 graduate students and 10,000 staff/faculty) to the population.
  • Naropa University is a private university based on Buddhist principles. It has approximately 400 undergraduate and over 600 graduate students.
  • Auguste Escoffier School of Culinary Arts a culinary school group with campuses in Boulder and Austin, Texas.

Science institutes

  • Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES)
  • Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA)
  • Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy (CASA)
  • Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research (CCAR)
  • Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR)
  • JILA (Formerly Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics)
  • Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP)
  • Geological Society of America, headquartered at 3300 Penrose Place.
  • National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON)
  • National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) / University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
    • High Altitude Observatory (HAO)
  • National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    • Earth System Research Laboratory (ESRL)
    • Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC)
  • National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
  • National Solar Observatory (NSO)
  • National Telecommunications and Information Administration(NTIA) – Institute for Telecommunication Sciences Boulder
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute (RASEI)
  • Rocky Mountain Institute
  • Southwest Research Institute Department of Space Studies
  • Space Science Institute
  • UNAVCO National Science Foundation's Geodetic Facility
  • United States Geological Survey (USGS)

Notable people

Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Pilots:
Bessie Coleman
Spann Watson
Jill E. Brown
Sherman W. White
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