Elk Grove, California facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Elk Grove, California
General law city
City of Elk Grove
Old Town in Elk Grove
Old Town in Elk Grove
Official seal of Elk Grove, California
Seal
Official logo of Elk Grove, California
Logo
Motto: "Proud Heritage, Bright Future"
Sacramento County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Elk Grove Highlighted.svg
Country  United States
State  California
County Sacramento
District Cosumnes CSD
Incorporated July 1, 2000
Area
 • Total 42.239 sq mi (109.398 km2)
 • Land 42.190 sq mi (109.271 km2)
 • Water 0.049 sq mi (0.127 km2)  0.12%
Elevation 46 ft (14 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 167,000
 • Estimate (January 1, 2016) 167,000
 • Rank 2nd in Sacramento County
30th in California
 • Density 3,954/sq mi (1,527/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 95624, 95757–95759
Area code 916
FIPS code 06-22020
GNIS feature IDs 277506, 2410425
Website elkgrovecity.org

Elk Grove is a city in Sacramento County, California, located just south of the state capital of Sacramento. It is part of the SacramentoArden-ArcadeRoseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2015, the population of the city was estimated at 167,965. The second-largest city in Sacramento County, Elk Grove was the fastest growing city in the U.S. between July 1, 2004, and July 1, 2005.

History

Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga entered the region in 1808, naming the valley "Sacramento Valley" in honor of Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish, giving the northerly city of Sacramento of which Elk Grove is a suburb its name. A writer on Moraga's expedition wrote of the region: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them."

Elk Grove itself was founded in 1850 as a stage stop for travelers coming from Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay Area, when the Elk Grove Hotel and Stage Stop was opened by James Hall and the town was subsequently named after it. In 1868 the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came through about a mile east of Elk Grove. At this new location another hotel was built to accommodate travelers and was also named the Elk Grove Hotel.

In the following decades, Elk Grove remained a small farming community with little urban development. However, in the late 1980s, suburban development projects began to spring up around the community, specifically in the north near Sacramento. This was meant to serve Sacramento's population as well as San Francisco commuters looking for a community relatively near the San Francisco Bay Area which they could settle in and still commute from. This set off a period of rapid suburban growth which hit its peak in the years 2004 and 2005 when Elk Grove was declared the fastest growing city in the US.

On July 1, 2000, Elk Grove incorporated as a city. In 2008 Elk Grove suffered heavily from the subprime mortgage crisis due to its suburban nature.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 2,205
1970 3,721 68.8%
1980 10,959 194.5%
1990 17,483 59.5%
2000 59,984 243.1%
2010 153,015 155.1%
Est. 2015 166,913 9.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
Racial composition 2010
White 46.1%
—Non-Hispanic 38.1%
Black or African American 11.2%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 18.0%
Asian 26.3%

Sister cities

Elk Grove is a sister city of Concepción de Ataco in El Salvador.


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