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Sacramento County, California facts for kids

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Sacramento County, California
County of Sacramento
California State Capitol front 1999.jpg Folsom Powerhouse Close.JPG
Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge 2.jpg ISH WC SuttersFort4.jpg
Flag of Sacramento County, California
Official seal of Sacramento County, California
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
Country United States
State California
Region Sacramento Valley
Metro area Greater Sacramento
Incorporated February 18, 1850
Named for The capital city of Sacramento, which is named for the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist
County seat (and largest city) Sacramento
 • Type Council–manager
 • Body Board of Supervisors
 • Total 994 sq mi (2,570 km2)
 • Land 965 sq mi (2,500 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (80 km2)
Highest elevation
831 ft (253 m)
 • Total 1,585,055
 • Estimate 
 • Density 1,594.6/sq mi (615.69/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
FIPS code 06-067

Sacramento County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,585,055. Its county seat is Sacramento, which has been the state capital of California since 1854.

Sacramento County is the central county of the Greater Sacramento metropolitan area. The county covers about 994 square miles (2,570 km2) in the northern portion of the Central Valley, on into Gold Country. Sacramento County extends from the low delta lands between the Sacramento River and San Joaquin River, including Suisun Bay, north to about ten miles (16 km) beyond the State Capitol and east into the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The southernmost portion of Sacramento County has direct access to San Francisco Bay.


Sacramento County was one of the original counties of California, which were created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

The county was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border. The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santisimo Sacramento (Most Holy Sacrament), referring to the Catholic Eucharist.

Alexander Hamilton Willard, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is buried in the old Franklin Cemetery.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 994 square miles (2,570 km2), of which 965 square miles (2,500 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (3.0%) is water. Most of the county is at an elevation close to sea level, with some areas below sea level. The highest point in the county is Carpenter Hill at 828 feet (252 m), in the southeast part of Folsom. Carpenter Hill is the lowest high point of any county in California. Major watercourses in the county include the American River, Sacramento River, Cosumnes River, a tributary of the Mokelumne River and Dry Creek, a tributary of the Sacramento River.

National protected areas



Places by population, ethnicity, and income


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 9,087
1860 24,142 165.7%
1870 26,830 11.1%
1880 34,390 28.2%
1890 40,339 17.3%
1900 45,915 13.8%
1910 67,806 47.7%
1920 91,029 34.2%
1930 141,999 56.0%
1940 170,333 20.0%
1950 277,140 62.7%
1960 502,778 81.4%
1970 631,498 25.6%
1980 783,381 24.1%
1990 1,041,219 32.9%
2000 1,223,499 17.5%
2010 1,418,788 16.0%
2020 1,585,055 11.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

The 2010 United States Census reported that Sacramento County had a population of 1,418,788. The racial makeup of Sacramento County was 815,151 (57.5%) White, 200,228 (15.4%) African American, 14,308 (1.0%) Native American, 203,211 (14.3%) Asian, 13,858 (1.0%) Pacific Islander, 131,691 (9.3%) from other races, and 93,511 (6.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 306,196 persons (21.6%).


As of the census of 2000, there were 1,223,499 people, 453,602 households, and 297,562 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,267 people per square mile (489/km2). There were 474,814 housing units at an average density of 492/sq mi (190/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.0% White, 10.6% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 13.5% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 7.5% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. 19.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.2% were of German, 7.0% English, 6.7% Irish and 5.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 75.7% spoke only English at home; 10.0% spoke Spanish, 1.5% Hmong, 1.4% Chinese or Mandarin, 1.3% Vietnamese, 1.2% Tagalog and 1.2% Russian.

There were 453,602 households, out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,816, and the median income for a family was $50,717. Males had a median income of $39,482 versus $31,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,142. About 10.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.


Pocket-Greenhaven, Sacramento Canal

Major highways

  • I-5
  • I-80
  • I-80 Bus.
  • US 50
  • SR 16
  • SR 84
  • SR 160

Public transportation

Sacramento Regional Transit (RT) provides bus and light rail service in Sacramento and nearby communities like Rancho Cordova, Citrus Heights, and Rosemont. Sacramento hosts 37.4 miles (60.2 km) of light rail. The cities of Elk Grove, Folsom and Galt also operate their own bus lines. In addition, the transit agencies of the adjacent counties have routes operating into downtown Sacramento, or connecting with the light rail system.

Greyhound and Amtrak both serve Sacramento. The port of Sacramento ships 870,000 short tons (790,000 metric tons) of cargo annually.


Sacramento International Airport is a major, full-service airport with passenger flights. It is owned by the County of Sacramento. The County also owns Sacramento Mather Airport in Rancho Cordova and Sacramento Executive Airport, both of which are general aviation airports. There are also privately owned public use airports located in Elk Grove and Rio Linda.

Public roadways

The Sacramento County Department of Transportation (SACDOT) maintains approximately 2200 miles of roadway within the unincorporated area. The roads range from six lane thoroughfares to rural roads.


Elk Grove
Lake Folsom
Folsom Lake


Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Sacramento County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Sacramento (State Capital) City 466,488
2 Elk Grove City 153,015
3 Arden-Arcade CDP 92,186
4 Citrus Heights City 83,301
5 Folsom City 72,203
6 Rancho Cordova City 64,776
7 Carmichael CDP 61,762
8 Florin CDP 47,513
9 Antelope CDP 45,770
10 North Highlands CDP 42,694
11 Orangevale CDP 33,960
12 Foothill Farms CDP 33,121
13 Fair Oaks CDP 30,912
14 Vineyard CDP 24,836
15 Galt City 23,647
16 Rosemont CDP 22,681
17 Rio Linda CDP 15,106
18 Parkway CDP 14,670
19 Lemon Hill CDP 13,729
20 La Riviera CDP 10,802
21 Gold River CDP 7,912
22 Fruitridge Pocket CDP 5,800
23 Elverta CDP 5,492
24 Rancho Murieta CDP 5,488
25 Wilton CDP 5,363
26 Mather CDP 4,451
27 Walnut Grove CDP 1,542
28 Clay CDP 1,195
29 Herald CDP 1,184
30 Isleton City 804
31 McClellan Park CDP 743
32 Courtland CDP 355
33 Hood CDP 271
34 Franklin CDP 155
35 Freeport CDP 38


Public schools

Community colleges

  • Los Rios Community College District
    • American River College
    • Cosumnes River College
    • Folsom Lake College
    • Sacramento City College
  • Sierra College

Private, not for profit

Private, for profit

  • Alliant International University
  • California Northstate University College of Pharmacy
  • DeVry University
  • Lincoln Law School of Sacramento
  • MTI College
  • Professional School of Psychology
  • San Joaquin Valley College
  • The Art Institute of California – Sacramento, a branch of The Art Institute of California - Los Angeles
  • Universal Technical Institute
  • University of Phoenix Sacramento Valley

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