kids encyclopedia robot

Sutter County, California facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Sutter County, California
County of Sutter
Sutter Buttes.jpg
Live Oak on CA 99.jpeg
Downtown Yuba City.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Sutter Buttes terrain, Live Oak Blvd near Pennington Road in the City of Live Oak, downtown of Yuba City
Official seal of Sutter County, California
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
Country United States
State California
Region Sacramento Valley
Metro area Sacramento metropolitan area
Incorporated February 18, 1850
Named for John Augustus Sutter
County seat Yuba City
Largest city Yuba City
 • Total 608 sq mi (1,570 km2)
 • Land 602 sq mi (1,560 km2)
 • Water 6.1 sq mi (16 km2)
 • Total 94,737
 • Estimate 
 • Density 155.82/sq mi (60.16/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)

Sutter County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 94,737. The county seat is Yuba City. Sutter County is included in the Yuba City, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Sacramento-Roseville, CA Combined Statistical Area. The county is located along the Sacramento River in the Sacramento Valley.


Sutter County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to Placer County in 1852.

Sutter County is named after one of the state’s more engaging and complex historical personalities, and an agricultural visionary. John Augustus Sutter, a German native born to Swiss parents, was one of the first to recognize the Sacramento Valley for its potential as an agricultural empire, and his Hock Farm, established in 1841 on the Feather River just south of present-day Yuba City, was the site of the valley’s first large agricultural enterprise.

Sutter obtained the Rancho New Helvetia Mexican land grant, and called his first settlement New Helvetia (which included the present day city of Sacramento). In 1850, Sutter retired to Hock Farm when gold seekers deprived him of most of his holdings at Sacramento.

Sutter County is the birthplace (Yuba City, 1858) of John Joseph Montgomery, who was the first American to successfully pilot a heavier than air craft, 20 years before the Wright Brothers, and who held the first patent for an "aeroplane."

In the 1890s Sutter County was one of the two prohibition counties in California; the other was Riverside County. Both outlawed saloons and sale or consumption of alcohol in public.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 608 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 602 square miles (1,560 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2) (1.0%) is water. It is the fourth-smallest county in California by total area. Some 88 percent of the county is prime farmland and grazing land.

Sutter County is home to the Sutter Buttes, known as the "World's Smallest Mountain Range." This volcanic formation provides relief to the otherwise seemingly flat Sacramento Valley.

Bordered by the Sacramento River on the west and the Feather River on the east, Sutter County has 240 miles (390 km) of levees. The Sutter Bypass, which diverts flood waters from the Sacramento River, cuts through the heart of Sutter County.

National protected areas

Sutter County also has the State Feather River Wildlife Area, consisting of the Nelson Slough, O'Connor Lakes, Abbott Lake, Shanghai Bend, and Morse Road Units in Sutter County. Also, a 1795-acre State Park in the Sutter Buttes. In addition, there are the state public trust lands of the Feather, Bear and Sacramento rivers as well as smaller streams including Butte Creek and Butte Slough.


Major highways

Public transportation

Yuba Sutter Transit operates local bus service, as well as commuter runs to Downtown Sacramento.


Sutter County Airport is a general aviation airport located just south of Yuba City.



Places by population, race, and income


The 2010 United States Census reported that Sutter County had a population of 94,737. The racial makeup of Sutter County was 57,749 (61.0%) White, 1,919 (2.0%) African American, 1,365 (1.4%) Native American, 13,663 (14.4%) Asian, 281 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 14,463 (15.3%) from other races, and 5,297 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27,251 persons (28.8%).


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,444
1860 3,390 −1.6%
1870 5,030 48.4%
1880 5,159 2.6%
1890 5,469 6.0%
1900 5,886 7.6%
1910 6,328 7.5%
1920 10,115 59.8%
1930 14,618 44.5%
1940 18,680 27.8%
1950 26,239 40.5%
1960 33,380 27.2%
1970 41,935 25.6%
1980 52,246 24.6%
1990 64,415 23.3%
2000 78,930 22.5%
2010 94,737 20.0%
2019 (est.) 96,971 2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

As of the census of 2000, there were 78,930 people, 27,033 households, and 19,950 families residing in the county. The population density was 131 people per square mile (51/km2). There were 28,319 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.5% White, 1.9% Black or African American, 1.6% Native American, 11.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 13.0% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. 22.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.3% were of German, 9.0% American, 7.1% English and 6.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 70.3% spoke English, 17.9% Spanish and 9.3% Punjabi as their first language.

There were 27,033 households, out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.0% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,375, and the median income for a family was $44,330. Males had a median income of $35,723 versus $25,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,428. About 12.1% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

  • Catlett
  • Kirkville
  • Lee
  • Pleasant Grove
  • Riego
  • Rio Ramaza
  • Verona
  • Tierra Buena

Proposed town

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Sutter County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Yuba City City 64,925
2 Live Oak City 8,392
3 Sutter CDP 2,904
4 Meridian CDP 358
5 Rio Oso CDP 356
6 Robbins CDP 323
7 Trowbridge CDP 226
8 East Nicolaus CDP 225
9 Nicolaus CDP 211
kids search engine
Sutter County, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.