Colusa County, California facts for kids

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Colusa County, California
County
County of Colusa
Colusa County Courthouse
Colusa County Courthouse
Official seal of Colusa County, California
Seal
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
California's location in the United States
Country  United States
State  California
Region Sacramento Valley
Incorporated February 18, 1850
Area
 • Total 1,156 sq mi (2,990 km2)
 • Land 1,151 sq mi (2,980 km2)
 • Water 5.6 sq mi (15 km2)
Highest elevation 7,059 ft (2,152 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 21,419
 • Estimate (2015) 21,482
 • Density 18.529/sq mi (7.154/km2)
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Area code 530
Website www.countyofcolusa.org

Colusa County is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,419. The county seat is Colusa. It is in the Central Valley of California, northwest of the state capital, Sacramento.

History

Colusa County is one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Tehama County in 1856 and to Glenn County in 1891.

The county was named after the 1844 Rancho Colus Mexican land grant to John Bidwell. The name of the county in the original state legislative act of 1850 was spelled Colusi, and often in newspapers was spelled Coluse. The word is derived from the name of a Native American tribe living on the west side of the Sacramento River. The name was changed to Colusa shortly after . This however is disputed. The actual origin of the name is unknown.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,156 square miles (2,990 km2), of which 1,151 square miles (2,980 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (0.5%) is water. A large number of streams drain the county, including Elk Creek and Salt Creek.

The county's eastern boundary is formed, in part, by the Sacramento River.

National protected areas

  • Butte Sink National Wildlife Refuge (part)
  • Colusa National Wildlife Refuge
  • Delevan National Wildlife Refuge
  • Mendocino National Forest (part)
  • Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 115
1860 2,274 1,877.4%
1870 6,165 171.1%
1880 13,118 112.8%
1890 14,640 11.6%
1900 7,364 −49.7%
1910 7,732 5.0%
1920 9,290 20.2%
1930 10,258 10.4%
1940 9,788 −4.6%
1950 11,651 19.0%
1960 12,075 3.6%
1970 12,430 2.9%
1980 12,791 2.9%
1990 16,275 27.2%
2000 18,804 15.5%
2010 21,419 13.9%
Est. 2015 21,482 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

The 2010 United States Census reported that Colusa County had a population of 21,419. The racial makeup of Colusa County was 13,854 (64.7%) White, 195 (0.9%) African American, 419 (2.0%) Native American, 281 (1.3%) Asian, 68 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 5,838 (27.3%) from other races, and 764 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,804 persons (55.1%).

2000

As of the census of 2000, there were 18,804 people, 6,097 households, and 4,578 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 6,774 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.3% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 2.3% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 26.7% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. 46.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 8.5% were of German, 5.6% English, 5.5% American and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 58.7% spoke English and 40.4% Spanish as their first language.

There were 6,097 households out of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.51.

In the county, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,062, and the median income for a family was $40,138. Males had a median income of $32,210 versus $21,521 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,730. About 13.0% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Colusa County Transit runs buses from Colusa to Williams, Arbuckle, Grimes and College City, with limited service to Maxwell.

Airports

Colusa County Airport is a general-aviation airport located near the city of Colusa.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Colusa County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Colusa City 5,971
2 Williams City 5,123
3 Arbuckle CDP 3,028
4 Maxwell CDP 1,103
5 Grimes CDP 391
6 Princeton CDP 303
7 College City CDP 290
8 Lodoga CDP 197
9 Stonyford CDP 149
10 Colusa Rancheria AIAN 76
11 Cortina Rancheria AIAN 21

Colusa County, California Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.