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Yuba County, California facts for kids

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County of Yuba
Englebright Lake (6217894829).jpg
Englebright Lake (6218415454).jpg
U-2 Dragon Lady Returns to Beale Skies 160923-F-ZH169-566.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Englebright Lake, Englebright Dam and Beale Air Force Base
Official seal of County of Yuba
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
Country United States
State California
Region Sacramento Valley
CSA Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Yuba City
Incorporated February 18, 1850
Named for Yuba River
County seat Marysville
Largest community Linda
Marysville (incorporated)
 • Total 644 sq mi (1,670 km2)
 • Land 632 sq mi (1,640 km2)
 • Water 12 sq mi (30 km2)
Highest elevation
4,828 ft (1,472 m)
 • Total 81,575
 • Density 126.67/sq mi (48.91/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)

Yuba County ( Maidu: Yubu) is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, the population was 81,575. The county seat is Marysville. Yuba County is included in the Yuba City, California Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the SacramentoRoseville, California Combined Statistical Area. The county is in the Central Valley region along the Feather River.

Despite its name and proximity, Yuba City is in neighboring Sutter County, not Yuba County.


Yuba County was one of the original counties of California, formed in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Placer County in 1851, to Nevada County in 1851 and to Sierra County in 1852.

The county was named after the Yuba River by Captain John Sutter for the Native American village Yubu, Yupu or Juba near the confluence of the Yuba and Feather rivers. General Mariano Vallejo stated that the river was named Uba by an exploring expedition in 1824 because of the quantities of wild grapes (uvas silvestres in Spanish) which they found growing on its banks.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 644 square miles (1,670 km2), of which 632 square miles (1,640 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.9%) is water. It is the fifth-smallest county in California by total area. The county lies along the western slope of the Sierra Nevada, the steep slopes making it prime territory for the siting of hydroelectric power plants.

A portion of the county, where Marysville (the county seat) and most of the population lives, is west of the mountains on the valley floor. There is a great deal of agriculture business in this part of the county, especially fruit orchards, rice fields, and cattle grazing.


National protected areas within Yuba County include portions of the Plumas National Forest and the Tahoe National Forest. In addition to these identified protected areas the county has extensive natural areas consisting of forestation, grassland, riparian area, grassland and other habitats. The county exhibits a considerable diversity of flowering plant species, among which is the yellow mariposa lily, Calochortus luteus.


Major highways

  • California 20.svg State Route 20
  • California 49.svg State Route 49
  • California 65.svg State Route 65
  • California 70.svg State Route 70

Public transportation

Yuba Sutter Transit operates local bus service, as well as commuter runs to Downtown Sacramento. Greyhound buses stop in Marysville.


Yuba County Airport is three miles (5 km) south of Marysville. It is a general aviation airport.

Brownsville Aero Pines Airport is off La Porte Rd in Brownsville.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 9,673
1860 13,668 41.3%
1870 10,851 −20.6%
1880 11,284 4.0%
1890 9,636 −14.6%
1900 8,620 −10.5%
1910 10,042 16.5%
1920 10,375 3.3%
1930 11,331 9.2%
1940 17,034 50.3%
1950 24,420 43.4%
1960 33,859 38.7%
1970 44,736 32.1%
1980 49,733 11.2%
1990 58,228 17.1%
2000 60,219 3.4%
2010 72,155 19.8%
2020 81,575 13.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010 2020

2020 census

Yuba County, California - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010 Pop 2020 % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 42,416 41,750 58.78% 51.18%
Black or African American alone (NH) 2,122 2,831 2.94% 3.47%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 1,260 1,034 1.75% 1.27%
Asian alone (NH) 4,710 5,583 6.53% 6.84%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 270 372 0.37% 0.46%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 102 459 0.14% 0.56%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 3,224 6,026 4.47% 7.39%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 18,051 23,520 25.02% 28.83%
Total 72,155 81,575 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.


Places by population, race, and income


The 2010 United States Census reported that Yuba County had a population of 72,155. The racial makeup of Yuba County was 49,332 (68.4%) White, 2,361 (3.3%) African American, 1,675 (2.3%) Native American, 4,862 (6.7%) Asian, 293 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 8,545 (11.8%) from other races, and 5,087 (7.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18,051 persons (25.0%).


As of the census of 2000, there were 60,219 people, 20,535 households, and 14,805 families residing in the county. The population density was 96 people per square mile (37/km2). There were 22,636 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.6% White, 3.2% Black or African American, 2.6% Native American, 7.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, and 5.9% from two or more races. 17.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 11.2% were of German, 10.4% American, 7.6% Irish and 7.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 78.8% spoke English, 13.2% Spanish and 4.7% Hmong as their first language.

There were 20,535 households, out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 31.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,460, and the median income for a family was $34,103. Males had a median income of $27,845 versus $21,301 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,124. About 16.3% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Yuba County.

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Linda CDP 17,773
2 Olivehurst CDP 13,656
3 Marysville City 12,072
4 Plumas Lake CDP 5,853
5 Wheatland City 3,456
6 Loma Rica CDP 2,368
7 Beale Air Force Base CDP 1,319
8 Challenge-Brownsville CDP 1,148
9 Dobbins CDP 624
10 Smartsville CDP 177
11 Camptonville CDP 158


Higher education is available at Yuba Community College. The county also has a Yuba County Library system with one branch in Marysville.

Yuba County schools have a 16% suspension rate, with 2,257 students receiving suspensions out of 14,027 students enrolled in Yuba County schools.

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