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Hermann Emil Fischer
Hermann Emil Fischer
Hermann Emil Louis Fischer

(1852-10-09)9 October 1852
Euskirchen, Rhine Province
Died 15 July 1919(1919-07-15) (aged 66)
Nationality Germany
Alma mater University of Bonn
University of Strasbourg
Known for Study of sugars & purines
Scientific career
Fields Chemistry
Institutions University of Munich (1875–81)
University of Erlangen (1881–88)
University of Würzburg (1888–92)
University of Berlin (1892–1919)
Doctoral advisor Adolf von Baeyer Friedrich August Kekulé
Doctoral students Alfred Stock
Otto Diels
Otto Ruff
Walter A. Jacobs
Ludwig Knorr
Oskar Piloty
Julius Tafel

Hermann Emil Louis Fischer FRS FRSE FCS (c; 9 October 1852 – 15 July 1919) was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He discovered the Fischer esterification. He also developed the Fischer projection, a symbolic way of drawing asymmetric carbon atoms. He also hypothesized lock and key mechanism of enzyme action. He never used his first given name, and was known throughout his life simply as Emil Fischer.

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