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Epaulette Mountain facts for kids

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Epaulette Mountain
Epaulette Mountain.jpg
Epaulette Mountain seen from Icefields Parkway
Highest point
Elevation 3,094 m (10,151 ft)
Prominence 259 m (850 ft)
Parent peak Mount Chephren (3274 m)
Listing Mountains of Alberta
Geography
Location Alberta, Canada
Parent range Waputik Mountains
Canadian Rockies
Topo map NTS 82N15
Geology
Age of rock Cambrian
Type of rock Sedimentary
Climbing
First ascent 1924 by F.V. Field, W.O. Field, Edward Feuz Jr.(guide)
Easiest route technical climb

Epaulette Mountain is a 3,094-metre (10,151-foot) mountain summit located between the Howse River valley and Mistaya River valley of Banff National Park, in the Canadian Rockies of Alberta, Canada. Its nearest higher peak is Mount Sarbach, 3.64 km (2.26 mi) to the northwest. Epaulette Mountain is situated south of Saskatchewan Crossing, where the Icefields Parkway intersects with the David Thompson Highway. Descriptively named for the shoulder ornament on some military uniforms, a glacier seems to hang on a narrow shelf above the steep cliffs and was thought to resemble an epaulette. Epaulette is a French word which means "little shoulders" (epaule, referring to "shoulder").

History

The first ascent of Epaulette Mountain was made in 1924 by F.V. Field, W.O. Field, and guide Edward Feuz Jr. The mountain's name was officially adopted in 1961 by the Geographical Names Board of Canada.

Epaulette Mountain from Waterfowl Lakes
Epaulette Mountain from Waterfowl Lakes

Geology

Like other mountains in Banff Park, the Epaulette Mountain is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods. Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was pushed east and over the top of younger rock during the Laramide orogeny.

Climate

Based on the Köppen climate classification, Epaulette Mountain is located in a subarctic climate zone with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers. Temperatures can drop below -20 °C with wind chill factors below -30 °C. Precipitation runoff from Epaulette Mountain drains into the Mistaya River and Howse River which are both tributaries of the North Saskatchewan River.

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