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French First Republic facts for kids

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French Republic

République française
Flag of France, Republic 1
Motto: Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou la mort!
Liberty, equality, brotherhood, or the death!
French First Republic (c. 1800)
French First Republic (c. 1800)
Capital Paris
Common languages French
Government Republic
• 1792–1795
National Convention
with Maximilien Robespierre leading the Convention
• 1795–1799
with Paul Barras leading the Directory
• 1799–1804
with Napoleon Bonaparte as First Consul
Legislature National Convention
French Directory
French Consulate
14 July 1789
• Overthrow of Louis XVI
21 September 1792
• Committee of Public Safety and Reign of Terror
5 September 1793 to
28 July 1794 Abolishment of slavery 4 February 1794.
• Thermidorean Reaction
24 July 1794
• Coup of 18 Brumaire
9 November 1799
• Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed emperor by the Senate
18 May 1804
Currency French Franc
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of France (1791–1792)
First French Empire

The French First Republic was formed on 22 September 1792, by the newly made National Convention. The First Republic lasted until the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon I. This time is characterized by the fall of the monarchy, the making of the National Convention and the infamous Reign of Terror, the founding of the Directory and the Thermidorian Reaction, and finally, the making of the Consulate and Napoleon’s rise to power.

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