kids encyclopedia robot

French First Republic facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
French Republic

République française
1792–1804
Flag of France, Republic 1
Flag of France (1794–1815, 1830–1958).svg
  • Top: Flag (until 1794)
  • Bottom: Flag (from 1794)
Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité ou la Mort
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
The French Republic in 1801
The French Republic in 1801
Capital Paris
Common languages
Religion
  • Constitutional Church
    (21 September 1792 – 18 September 1794)
  • Cult of Reason
    (October 1793 – March 1794)
  • Cult of the Supreme Being
    (7 May 1794 – 28 July 1794)
  • Secular state
    (21 February 1795 – ?)
  • Culte décadaire
    (3 February 1798 – ?)
  • Roman Catholicism, Calvinism, Lutheranism, Judaism
    (15 July 1801 – 18 May 1804)
Government

1792–1795 Authoritarian directorial republic 1795–1799 Oligarchical directorial republic

1799–1804 autocratic republic
President of the National Convention  
• 1792
Philippe Rühl (first)
• 1795
Jean Joseph Victor Génissieu (last)
President of the Directory  
• 1795–1799
By rotation: 3 months duration
First Consul  
• 1799–1804
Napoléon Bonaparte
Legislature Parliament
Council of Ancients (1795–1799)
Historical era French Revolutionary Wars
14 July 1789
• Overthrow of Louis XVI
21 September 1792
• Committee of Public Safety and Reign of Terror
5 September 1793 to
28 July 1794
4 February 1794
• Thermidorean Reaction
24 July 1794
• Coup of 18 Brumaire
9 November 1799
• Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed emperor by the Senate
18 May 1804
Currency livre (to 1794), franc, assignat
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of France
Anglo-Corsican Kingdom
Austrian Netherlands
First French Empire
Anglo-Corsican Kingdom

The French First Republic was formed on 22 September 1792, by the newly made National Convention. The First Republic lasted until the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon I. This time is characterized by the fall of the monarchy, the making of the National Convention and the infamous Reign of Terror, the founding of the Directory and the Thermidorian Reaction, and finally, the making of the Consulate and Napoleon’s rise to power.

Coordinates: 48°52′00″N 2°19′59″E / 48.8666667°N 2.33306°E / 48.8666667; 2.33306

kids search engine
French First Republic Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.