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Fulton County, Kentucky facts for kids

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Fulton County
Fulton County Courthouse in Hickman
Fulton County Courthouse in Hickman
Map of Kentucky highlighting Fulton County
Location within the U.S. state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Kentucky
Founded 1845
Named for Robert Fulton
Seat Hickman
Largest city Fulton
 • Total 231 sq mi (600 km2)
 • Land 206 sq mi (530 km2)
 • Water 25 sq mi (60 km2)  11%%
 • Estimate 
 • Density 33/sq mi (13/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 1st

Fulton County is the westernmost county of the U.S. state of Kentucky, with its western boundary the Mississippi River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,813. Its county seat is Hickman. The county was formed in 1845 from Hickman County, Kentucky and named for Robert Fulton, the inventor of the steamboat.

Fulton County residents were largely pro-Confederate during the American Civil War. Forces from both armies passed through the county during different periods of the conflict. Because of imprecise early surveying of Kentucky's southern border, Fulton County is divided into two non-contiguous parts. An exclave on the peninsula in the Kentucky Bend of the Mississippi River can be reached only by road through Tennessee.

Fulton County is part of the Union City, TN–KY Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Martin-Union City, TN-KY Combined Statistical Area.

Kentucky Bend map
Kentucky Bend and surrounding area      Missouri (MO)      Tennessee (TN)      Kentucky (KY)


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 231 square miles (600 km2), of which 206 square miles (530 km2) is land and 25 square miles (65 km2) (11%) is water.

About 11 square miles (28 km2) of the county is separated in a peninsula from the rest of the state by an oxbow of the Mississippi River, known as the Kentucky Bend or New Madrid Bend, after the city in Missouri on the north side of the river. Travelers going there have to pass into Tennessee by road (there is no bridge from Missouri) and then go north to reach the Kentucky Bend exclave. The lowest point in the state of Kentucky is located on the Mississippi River in Kentucky Bend in Fulton County, where it flows past Kentucky and between Tennessee and Missouri. It is expected that over time, the river will cut across the short neck of the peninsula, cutting it off entirely from Kentucky, with land gradually filling in behind it to connect it to Missouri.

Adjacent counties

National protected area

  • Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge (part)

Major highways

  • US 45
  • US 51
  • KY 58
  • KY 94
  • KY 116
  • KY 123
  • KY 125
  • KY 166
  • KY 239
  • KY 307
  • KY 781
  • KY 924
  • KY 1529


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 4,446
1860 5,317 19.6%
1870 6,161 15.9%
1880 7,977 29.5%
1890 10,005 25.4%
1900 11,546 15.4%
1910 14,114 22.2%
1920 15,197 7.7%
1930 14,927 −1.8%
1940 15,413 3.3%
1950 13,668 −11.3%
1960 11,256 −17.6%
1970 10,183 −9.5%
1980 8,971 −11.9%
1990 8,271 −7.8%
2000 7,752 −6.3%
2010 6,813 −12.1%
Est. 2015 6,238 −8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,752 people, 3,237 households, and 2,113 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 per square mile (14/km2). There were 3,697 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (6.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 75.12% White, 23.19% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.32% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,237 households out of which 29.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.40% were married couples living together, 18.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.70% were non-families. 32.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,382, and the median income for a family was $30,788. Males had a median income of $26,401 versus $19,549 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,309. About 20.10% of families and 23.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.30% of those under age 18 and 16.00% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

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