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Gilmer County, West Virginia facts for kids

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Gilmer County
The Gilmer County Courthouse in Glenville
The Gilmer County Courthouse in Glenville
Map of West Virginia highlighting Gilmer County
Location within the U.S. state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  West Virginia
Founded February 3, 1845
Named for Thomas Walker Gilmer
Seat Glenville
Largest town Glenville
 • Total 340 sq mi (900 km2)
 • Land 339 sq mi (880 km2)
 • Water 1.6 sq mi (4 km2)  0.5%%
 • Total 8,693
 • Estimate 
 • Density 25.6/sq mi (9.87/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

Gilmer County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,693. Its county seat is Glenville. The county was formed in 1845 from parts of Lewis and Kanawha Counties, and named for Thomas Walker Gilmer, Governor of Virginia from 1840 to 1841. Gilmer was later a representative in the United States Congress and Secretary of the Navy in President John Tyler's cabinet.

Cedar Creek State Park offers camping, hunting, fishing and hiking. The West Virginia State Folk Festival is held each June. Glenville State College has a community activity center, a state-of-the-art library, and a complete collection of hand-carved, West Virginia–native birds on public display. The Gilmer County Recreation Center Complex includes a small golf course, a convention / reunion hall, and bunk houses. Gilmer County is home to ten nationally registered historic landmarks, the Cedar Creek Backway, and the annual West Virginia Folk Festival. Media outlets for the community include The Glenville Democrat and The Glenville Pathfinder, the county's two newspapers.

Gilmer County is also the site of Federal Correctional Institution, Gilmer, a federal medium security prison for men and the county's largest employer.

As of 2020, Gilmer County has one permanent traffic light. It is located in the town of Glenville.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 340 square miles (880 km2), of which 339 square miles (880 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 33.svg U.S. Highway 33
  • US 119.svg U.S. Highway 119
  • WV-5.svg West Virginia Route 5
  • WV-18.svg West Virginia Route 18
  • WV-47.svg West Virginia Route 47
  • WV-74.svg West Virginia Route 74
  • I-79.svg Interstate 79 (No exits within county)

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,475
1860 3,759 8.2%
1870 4,338 15.4%
1880 7,108 63.9%
1890 9,746 37.1%
1900 11,762 20.7%
1910 11,379 −3.3%
1920 10,668 −6.2%
1930 10,641 −0.3%
1940 12,046 13.2%
1950 9,746 −19.1%
1960 8,050 −17.4%
1970 7,782 −3.3%
1980 8,334 7.1%
1990 7,669 −8.0%
2000 7,160 −6.6%
2010 8,693 21.4%
2019 (est.) 7,823 −10.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2019

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,693 people, 2,753 households, and 1,806 families living in the county. The population density was 25.7 inhabitants per square mile (9.9/km2). There were 3,448 housing units at an average density of 10.2 per square mile (3.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.5% white, 12.3% black or African American, 0.5% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.1% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 9.6% were American, and 6.1% were English.

Of the 2,753 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, and 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age was 38.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,706 and the median income for a family was $38,044. Males had a median income of $30,654 versus $16,834 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,899. About 25.1% of families and 30.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.



Unincorporated communities

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Gilmer (Virginia Occidental) para niños

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