Gilmer County, West Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Gilmer County, West Virginia
Map
Map of West Virginia highlighting Gilmer County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded February 3, 1845
Seat Glenville
Largest town Glenville
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

340 sq mi (881 km²)
339 sq mi (878 km²)
1.6 sq mi (4 km²), 0.5%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

8,518
25/sq mi (10/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.gilmercounty.wv.gov
Named for: Thomas Walker Gilmer

Gilmer County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,693. Its county seat is Glenville. The county was formed in 1845 from parts of Lewis and Kanawha Counties, and named for Thomas Walker Gilmer, Governor of Virginia from 1840 to 1841. Gilmer was later a representative in the United States Congress and Secretary of the Navy in President John Tyler's cabinet.

Cedar Creek State Park offers camping, hunting, fishing and hiking. The West Virginia State Folk Festival is held each June. Glenville State College has a community activity center, a state-of-the-art library, and a complete collection of hand-carved, West Virginia–native birds on public display. The Gilmer County Recreation Center Complex includes a small golf course, a convention / reunion hall, and bunk houses. Gilmer County is home to ten nationally registered historic landmarks, the Cedar Creek Backway, and the annual West Virginia Folk Festival. Media outlets for the community include The Glenville Democrat and The Glenville Pathfinder, the county's two newspapers, and Two-Lane Livin', a regional magazine.

Gilmer County is also the site of Federal Correctional Institution, Gilmer, a federal medium security prison for men and the county's largest employer.

As of 2017, Gilmer County has one traffic light. It is in the city of Glenville.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 340 square miles (880 km2), of which 339 square miles (880 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.5%) is water.

Major highways

  • US 33.svg U.S. Highway 33
  • US 119.svg U.S. Highway 119
  • WV-5.svg West Virginia Route 5
  • WV-18.svg West Virginia Route 18
  • WV-47.svg West Virginia Route 47
  • WV-74.svg West Virginia Route 74
  • I-79.svg Interstate 79 (No exits within county)

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,475
1860 3,759 8.2%
1870 4,338 15.4%
1880 7,108 63.9%
1890 9,746 37.1%
1900 11,762 20.7%
1910 11,379 −3.3%
1920 10,668 −6.2%
1930 10,641 −0.3%
1940 12,046 13.2%
1950 9,746 −19.1%
1960 8,050 −17.4%
1970 7,782 −3.3%
1980 8,334 7.1%
1990 7,669 −8.0%
2000 7,160 −6.6%
2010 8,693 21.4%
Est. 2015 8,518 −2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,160 people, 2,768 households, and 1,862 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 3,621 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.33% White, 0.91% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.57% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,768 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.40% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.30% under the age of 18, 16.40% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 15.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,857, and the median income for a family was $28,685. Males had a median income of $25,497 versus $15,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,498. About 20.20% of families and 25.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.70% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,693 people, 2,753 households, and 1,806 families residing in the county. The population density was 25.7 inhabitants per square mile (9.9/km2). There were 3,448 housing units at an average density of 10.2 per square mile (3.9/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.5% white, 12.3% black or African American, 0.5% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 23.1% were German, 14.9% were Irish, 9.6% were American, and 6.1% were English.

Of the 2,753 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.4% were non-families, and 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.83. The median age was 38.0 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,706 and the median income for a family was $38,044. Males had a median income of $30,654 versus $16,834 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,899. About 25.1% of families and 30.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.4% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated communities


Gilmer County, West Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.