Hermann Emil Fischer facts for kids

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Hermann Emil Fischer
Убеншвуаншвышь.jpg
Born 9 October 1852
Euskirchen, Rhine Province
Died 15 July 1919, aged 66
Occupation Chemist
Known for Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902

Hermann Emil Fischer (9 October 1852 – 15 July 1919) was a German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1902.

Emil Fischer – he never used his first name – was the founder of the chemistry of primary natural products: carbohydrates, purines and nucleosides, peptides and proteins. Amongst his many discoveries were the structure of carbohydrates, and he was the first to get synthetic peptides. He studied the active principles of tea, coffee and cocoa, namely, caffeine and theobromine.

Fischer also proposed the lock & key model of enzyme action.

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