Herstmonceux facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Herstmonceux
Windmill Hill Mill.jpg
The windmill
Area 24.7 km2 (9.5 sq mi)
Population 2,613 (2011)
• Density 273/sq mi (105/km2)
OS grid reference TQ635125
• London 45 miles (72 km) N
District
  • Wealden
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HAILSHAM
Postcode district BN27
Dialling code 01323
Police Sussex
Fire East Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
  • Bexhill and Battle
Website Herstmonceux Parish
List of places
UK
England
East SussexCoordinates: 50°53′N 0°19′E / 50.89°N 0.32°E / 50.89; 0.32

Herstmonceux (/ˌhɜːrsmənˈz/ hurs-mən-ZOO or /-ˈs/ -SOO) is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England. The parish includes Herstmonceux Castle, the village of Cowbeech and a number of smaller hamlets.

History

The name ’’Herstmonceux’’ comes from Anglo-Saxon hyrst, "wooded hill", plus the name of the Monceux family who were lords of the manor here in the 12th century.

Geography

The village (previously called Gardner Street) is part of the larger Herstmonceux civil parish, which includes Cowbeech and the hamlets of Foul Mile, Trolliloes, Cowbeech Hill, Stunts Green, Ginger's Green, Flowers Green and part of Windmill Hill. Cowbeech village is located to the north-west of the parish.

Landmarks

Herstmonceux castle aerialview
Herstmonceux Castle
RGO-Herstmonceux
Former Royal Greenwich Observatory.

Herstmonceux Castle (some 2 miles (3.2 km) south-east of the village) is a former site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory. It is now home to the Bader International Study Centre of Queen's University, Kingston, Canada, and the area therefore enjoys an influx of Canadian and other international students each school year. The castle grounds are also home to the Observatory Science Centre, which is operated by Science Projects Limited, and the Herstmonceux Mediaeval Festival. Buckwell Place was the seat of the Hare family.

There are two Sites of Special Scientific Interest within the Parish. Herstmonceux Park is of importance because of its wetland habitat and fen vegetation. It is the only known location of Milk Parsley (Peucedanum palustre) in the south-east. The second site, Pevensey Levels, lies partially in the parish. The site is of biological interest consisting of low-lying grazing meadows, hosting a wide variety of wetland flora and fauna.

Religion

All Saints (Church of England) parish church, with its 12th century west tower and 13th/14th century nave, overlooks the Castle. Herstmonceux Congregational Church, located just outside the village on the way to the castle, was erected in 1811 and is now a listed building.

Leisure

The Herstmonceux Medieval Festival is held annually in August.

Twinning

The village is twinned with Varengeville-sur-Mer, in Normandy, France.



Herstmonceux Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.