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Hill County, Montana facts for kids

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Hill County
Hill County Courthouse in Havre
Hill County Courthouse in Havre
Map of Montana highlighting Hill County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Montana
Founded 1912
Named for James J. Hill
Seat Havre
Largest city Havre
 • Total 2,916 sq mi (7,550 km2)
 • Land 2,899 sq mi (7,510 km2)
 • Water 17 sq mi (40 km2)  0.6%
 • Total 16,309
 • Density 5.5929/sq mi (2.1594/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district At-large
  • Montana county number 12

Hill County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 16,309. Its county seat is Havre. It lies along the United States border with Canada, abutting Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Part of its territory is within the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation, which is held by the federally recognized Chippewa-Cree Tribe.


The first European-American settlement was Fort Assinniboine, first garrisoned by the United States Army in 1879. Fifteen of the original 104 structures from the fort are still standing.

The county is named after James J. Hill, president of the Great Northern Railway Company, which built the rail line across Montana as part of the Transcontinental Railroad to the Pacific coast.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,916 square miles (7,550 km2), of which 2,899 square miles (7,510 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (0.6%) is water.

Hill County is on the "Hi-Line" in north-central Montana. It borders Blaine County to the east, Liberty County to the west, Chouteau County to the south, and Canada to the north. Hill County contains Beaver Creek park, the largest county park in the nation.

It is one of the few locations in the United States to have an antipodal point on land, and its community of Rudyard is the only populated such place. The Kerguelen Islands are on the opposite side of the earth from parts of Hill County, while the antipodal points of almost all other places in the United States lie in the Indian Ocean.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected areas


Historical population
Census Pop.
1920 13,958
1930 13,775 −1.3%
1940 13,304 −3.4%
1950 14,285 7.4%
1960 18,653 30.6%
1970 17,358 −6.9%
1980 17,985 3.6%
1990 17,654 −1.8%
2000 16,673 −5.6%
2010 16,096 −3.5%
2020 16,309 1.3%
US Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,096 people, 6,275 households, and 4,020 families living in the county. The population density was 5.6 inhabitants per square mile (2.2/km2). There were 7,250 housing units at an average density of 2.5 per square mile (0.97/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.9% white, 21.7% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.3% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 28.9% were German, 18.5% were Norwegian, 12.7% were Irish, 9.2% were English, and 3.0% were American.

Of the 6,275 households, 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.9% were non-families, and 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.10. The median age was 35.1 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,606 and the median income for a family was $55,963. Males had a median income of $44,286 versus $28,908 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,420. About 12.4% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.0% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.




Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Condado de Hill (Montana) para niños

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