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Cypress County facts for kids

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Cypress County
Municipal district
Welcome sign
Welcome sign
Official logo of Cypress County
Country  Canada
Province  Alberta
Region Southern Alberta
Census division No. 1
Established 1985
Incorporated 1985
 • Land 13,173.25 km2 (5,086.22 sq mi)
 • Total 7,662
 • Density 0.6/km2 (2/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)

Cypress County is a municipal district located in southeastern Alberta, Canada. The County completely surrounds the City of Medicine Hat and the Town of Redcliff. The municipality is part of Census Division 1, Alberta.

 The first farm in the area was settled in 1890.


The Cypress County landscape is dominated by a shortgrass prairie ecosystem. The land is flat to slightly rolling. The Cypress Hills region features mixed grasslands, wetlands and montane habitats. Major hydrological features include the South Saskatchewan and Milk rivers. Extensive coulee systems have formed adjacent to major rivers resulting in badlands terrain.

Near Walsh, Alberta at 50°0′38.2″N 110°6′48.3″W / 50.010611°N 110.113417°W / 50.010611; -110.113417 (Badlands Guardian) lies the Badlands Guardian. Here the landscape takes the form of a head wearing a feathered headdress. The head is approximately 300 metres (980 ft) wide and 25 metres (82 ft) deep. This unusual geographic feature is a result of natural erosion of the surrounding prairie.


Cypress County has a semiarid climate with cold, dry winters and warm to hot summers. The winter cold is occasionally tempered by mild and dry chinook winds blowing from the west. Hot summer daytime temperatures are made tolerable by low humidity and rapid cooling in the evening hours. Maximum precipitation typically occurs in late spring and early summer.


In the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Cypress County recorded a population of 7,662 living in 2,689 of its 3,222 total private dwellings, a 6.2% change from its 2011 population of 7,214. With a land area of 13,173.25 km2 (5,086.22 sq mi), it had a population density of 0.6/km2 (1.6/sq mi) in 2016.

In the 2011 Census, Cypress County had a population of 7,214 living in 2,518 of its 3,040 total dwellings, a 7.5% change from its 2006 adjusted population of 6,709. With a land area of 13,160.44 km2 (5,081.27 sq mi), it had a population density of 0.5/km2 (1.3/sq mi) in 2011.

In 2006, Cypress County had a population of 6,729 living in 2,809 dwellings, a 10.1% increase from 2001. The municipal district has a land area of 13,166.13 km2 (5,083.47 sq mi) and a population density of 0.5/km2 (1.3/sq mi).

Communities and localities



The Trans-Canada Highway (1), Crowsnest Highway (3) and Highway 41 traverse Cypress County. The Trans-Canada enters the eastern part of the County near Walsh and travels west through Dunmore and on to Medicine Hat. From Medicine Hat the highway travels in a north westerly direction passing near Suffield and on to Calgary. Planning has begun to upgrade The Trans Canada to true freeway status. The Crowsnest highway enters the County near Seven Persons and travels in a north westerly direction to Medicine Hat. Highway 41 begins at the U.S. border (Port of Wild Horse) and passes through the County in a northerly direction. Highway 41 intersects the Trans Canada Highway near Dunmore and continues on in a northerly direction until it exits the County near Sandy Point Recreational Area at the County's most northerly limits.

Roads and streets

Cypress County has developed and maintains an extensive road network within its municipal jurisdiction. Paved, oiled and graveled roads total more than 2700 km in length.


The Canadian Pacific Railway Main Line traverses Cypress County. The line enters the eastern part of the County near Walsh and travels west through Dunmore and on to Medicine Hat. From Medicine Hat the line travels in a north westerly direction passing near Suffield and on to Calgary. A secondary line joins the main at Dunmore and travels in a south westerly direction passing near Seven Persons and on to Lethbridge. Major switching yards are located in Dunmore. Several spur lines and side yards exist along the lines route to facilitate the handling of grain and other commodities.


Cypress County is home to Canadian Forces Base Suffield. The base provides an extensive training area for both Canadian and British Armed Forces. Defence Research and Development Canada facilities are located here as well.


  • Bullshead Reservoir - Camping, Fishing
  • Cavan Lake Municipal Recreation Area - Camping, Boating, Fishing
  • Cypress Hills Provincial Park - Camping, Boating, Fishing, Golfing, Swimming, Hiking, Rodeo, Winter Carnival, Skiing (Water, Downhill, Cross Country)
  • Desert Blume Golf Club - Golfing
  • Golden Sheaf Municipal Recreation Area - Boating, Fishing, Water Skiing, Camping
  • Irvine Prairie Memories Museum - Local Historical Displays
  • Michelle Reservoir - Camping, Fishing, Boating
  • Murray Lake Reservoir - Fishing
  • Reesor Lake - Camping, Fishing, Boating, Hiking
  • Sandy Point Municipal Recreation Area - Camping, Fishing, Boating
  • Spruce Coulee Reservoir - Camping, Fishing, Boating
  • Walsh Tourist Information Center - Travel Alberta Rest Area
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