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Huron, Ohio
City
Aerial Photograph of Huron, Ohio, looking due south
Aerial Photograph of Huron, Ohio, looking due south
Motto: "A Great Lake Place."
Location of Huron, Ohio
Location of Huron, Ohio
Location of Huron in Erie County
Location of Huron in Erie County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Erie
Area
 • Total 7.73 sq mi (20.02 km2)
 • Land 4.84 sq mi (12.54 km2)
 • Water 2.89 sq mi (7.49 km2)
Elevation 584 ft (178 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,149
 • Estimate (2012) 7,096
 • Density 1,477.1/sq mi (570.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44839
Area code(s) 419 and 567
FIPS code 39-37016
GNIS feature ID 1056347
Website http://www.cityofhuron.org/

Huron is a city in Erie County, Ohio, United States. The population was 7,149 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Sandusky, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area. Huron Township surrounds the City of Huron.

History and culture

Huron Township was at the center of the "Firelands" region of the Connecticut Western Reserve, lands that were offered to residents of Connecticut who had lost property to British forces during the American Revolutionary War. The first permanent settler in the area that became Huron Township was a Quebec-born trapper, trader and interpreter named John Baptiste Flammond ("Fleming"), who established a trading post about a mile inland along the east bank of the Huron River in 1805. Other French traders had preceded him, including Gabriel Hunot in the 1780s.

Huron Township was established in 1809. Huron Village was later established when a town plat was drawn and port facilities at the mouth of the Huron River were developed between 1821 and 1824; and the town quickly became a major shipbuilding center in the 1830s. The current community of Huron is often mistaken to have been the same as the "town plat of Huron" (also known as "the old County Seat" village), which was established in 1815, and was actually within the present Milan Township (formerly known as Avery Township before 1821).

The Wheeling and Lake Erie Railroad greatly expanded Huron's port on the east bank of the Huron River beginning in 1880. The first cargo of iron ore at the W&LE docks was received May 21, 1884. The port is still in use today, accepting cargoes of iron ore and limestone from lake freighters. Huron was also the home port of several commercial fishing fleets before unbridled lake pollution decimated the industry on Lake Erie by the early 1970s. Water quality in Lake Erie has greatly improved as a result of strong environmental controls since then and sport fishing has increased in popularity in the area. However, the Lake faces new threats from algal blooms and several invasive species such as zebra mussels and Asian carp that may impact sport fishing in the future.

College/University Education

BGSU Firelands, a branch campus of Bowling Green State University, is located just west of the city limits. A separate college of the Bowling Green State University system, BGSU Firelands has been a regional campus of Bowling Green since 1968. Over 2,000 students in 2006 were enrolled for a wide variety of associate, bachelors and graduate degree programs.

Huron is also the home of the "Huron Playhouse", formerly a division of Bowling Green State University's Department of Theater and Film and now an independent, non-profit corporation. It holds plays in the auditorium of McCormick Middle/Junior High School and is Ohio's oldest continuing summer theater.

Geography

Huron is located at (41.399669, -82.564974).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.73 square miles (20.02 km2), of which 4.84 square miles (12.54 km2) is land and 2.89 square miles (7.49 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 488
1860 802
1870 697 −13.1%
1880 1,038 48.9%
1890 1,380 32.9%
1900 1,708 23.8%
1910 1,756 2.8%
1920 1,703 −3.0%
1930 1,699 −0.2%
1940 1,827 7.5%
1950 2,515 37.7%
1960 5,197 106.6%
1970 6,896 32.7%
1980 7,123 3.3%
1990 7,030 −1.3%
2000 7,958 13.2%
2010 7,149 −10.2%
Est. 2015 7,022 −1.8%
Sources:

The median income for a household in the city was $59,766, and the median income for a family was $73,068. Male full-time, year-round workers had a median income of $51,003 versus $41,667 for female full-time, year-round workers. The per capita income for the city was $29,213. About 2.5% of families and 5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

2010 Census

Largest ancestries (2000) Percent
German Germany 50.1%
Irish Republic of Ireland 21.5%
English England 18.3%
Italian Italy 14.1%
Scottish Scotland 4.7%
French France 3.7%
Polish Poland 3.7%

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,149 people, 3,073 households, and 1,988 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,477.1 inhabitants per square mile (570.3/km2). There were 3,710 housing units at an average density of 766.5 per square mile (295.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.4% White, 0.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 3,073 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.3% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 43.9 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22% were from 25 to 44; 30.2% were from 45 to 64; and 18.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.


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