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Jhansi facts for kids

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jhansi city
Jhansi skyline
Founded by Raja of Orchha
Named for Orchha Cantonment
 • Metro 547,638
 • Official Hindi
 • Other Bundeli

Jhansiis a historic city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It lies in the region of Bundelkhand on the banks of the Pahuj River, in the extreme south of Uttar Pradesh. Called the Gateway to Bundelkhand, Jhansi is situated between the rivers Pahuj and Betwa at an average elevation of 285 metres (935 feet). It is about 415 kilometres (258 mi) from New Delhi and 99 kilometres (62 mi) south of Gwalior.

The original walled city grew around its stone fort which crowns a neighbouring rock. The ancient name of the city was Balwantnagar. From 1817 to 1854, Jhansi was the capital of the princely state of Jhansi which was ruled by Maratha rajas. The state was annexed by the British Governor General in 1854; Damodar Rao's claim to the throne was rejected but Rani Lakshmibai ruled it from June 1857 to June 1858.

Jhansi is well connected to all other major towns in Uttar Pradesh by road and railway networks. The National Highways Development Project has supported development of Jhansi. Srinagar to Kanyakumari North-South corridor passes through Jhansi as does the East-West corridor; consequently there has been a sudden rush of infrastructure and real estate development in the city. A greenfield airport development has been planned. On 28 August, 2015 Jhansi was selected among 98 cities for smart city initiative by Government of India.

Jhansi fort wall
Jhansi fort wall


Jhansi Fort

The early 17th century fort was made by Raja Bir Singh on top of a hill known as Bangara as an army stronghold. The Karak Bijli cannon is in the fort. There is a museum nearby which has a collection of sculpture and provides an insight into the history of Bundelkhand. Extending over 15 acres, this fort is a great example of the north Indian style of architecture.

Government Museum and Rani Mahal

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Postage stamp commemorating Rani Lakshmibai

In the Government Museum there are collections of weapons, statues, dresses and photographs that represent the Chandela dynasty and a picture gallery of the Gupta period. There are also terracottas, bronzes, manuscripts, paintings and coins. The Government Museum specifically keep the belonging of the Rani of Jhansi, for example: her sword, armour and utensils.

The Rani Mahal was the palace of Rani Lakshmi Bai and has now been converted into a museum. It houses a collection of archaeological remains of the period between the 9th and 12th centuries AD.

Karguanji Jain Temple

This is most popular jain Mandir. Shri Karguvanji Atishaya Kshetra is only 5 km ahead from Jhansi city opposite Gate No. 2 of Medical Collage in the beautiful valley of Karguvan Village on Jhansi–Kanpur Road, Kshetra is about 700 years old. Here six ancient idols are installed and a big idol of Lord Mahaveer.


ISKCON Temple at Jhansi City
Temple at Jhansi City
  • Jhansi Mahotsav takes place in the February-March and lasts for about one week. The main aim behind this festival is to showcase the arts and culture of the town. The perfect place for poetry lovers, it commemorates the memories of the legends who had excelled in the field of Poetry. You get to see dance and music performances during the festival that highlight the culture of Bundelkhand.
  • Ayurveda Jhansi Mahotsav also serves as a promoter of the Ayurvedic system of healing and the use of Ayurveda for general well being. Hence the festival is also known as "Ayurved Jhansi Mahotsav". The festival is intended to advertise the state of Uttar Pradesh as one of the most accessible destinations for health tourism.
  • There is the state vegetables and flowers exhibition that are worth visiting while in Jhansi. This is basically an exhibition that lasts three days and is organized by the state government. The exhibition is held in the state gardens of Narayan bagh during the month of February. On visiting the exhibition, you find different types of vegetables, fruits and flowers found in and around Jhansi.

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