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José Guadalupe Gallegos
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José Guadalupe Gallegos
Born April 13, 1828
San José, Santa Fé Province, Mexican Republic
(now San Miguel County, New Mexico, U.S.)
Died May 18, 1867
New Mexico Territory
Buried
Allegiance Union
Service/branch New Mexico Militia
Union Army
Years of service 1854, 1861–1862
Rank Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Brigadier General (Militia)
Union Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel (USV)
Commands held 3rd New Mexico Infantry Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
Other work NM Territorial Legislature

José Guadalupe Gallegos (April 13, 1828 – May 18, 1867) was a native New Mexican military leader, county sheriff, rancher and politician. In 1854 he served as brigadier general in the volunteer Mounted Militia of New Mexico (Territory) formed for the purpose of protecting communities against Native American attacks. Prior to the Battle of Glorieta Pass, he was a Union field and staff Colonel in the Civil War, serving as commander of the 3rd New Mexico Volunteer Infantry and as commander of the Hatch's Ranch military post. He represented San Miguel County in four of the six Assemblies of the Territorial Legislature between 1855-1861 and served as House Speaker and as Council President. José was one of the founding members of the Historical Society of New Mexico and was a founding associate in the incorporation of the Montezuma Copper Mining Company of Santa Fé, New Mexico the New Mexican Railway Company and the New Mexico Wool Manufacturing Company.

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