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King and Queen County, Virginia facts for kids

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King and Queen County
Old King and Queen County Courthouse
Old King and Queen County Courthouse
Official seal of King and Queen County
Map of Virginia highlighting King and Queen County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1691
Named for William III and Mary II of England
Seat King and Queen Court House
 • Total 326 sq mi (840 km2)
 • Land 315 sq mi (820 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (30 km2)  3.4%
 • Total 6,945
 • Estimate 
 • Density 21.30/sq mi (8.225/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 1st

King and Queen County is a county in the U.S. state of Virginia, located in the state's Middle Peninsula on the eastern edge of the Richmond, VA metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,945. Its county seat is King and Queen Court House.


King and Queen County was established in 1691 from New Kent County. The county is named for King William III and Queen Mary II of England. King and Queen County is notable as one of the few counties in the United States to have recorded a larger population in the 1790 census than in the 2010 one.

Among the earliest settlers of King and Queen County was Roger Shackelford, an emigrant from Old Alresford, Hampshire, England, after whom the village of Shacklefords, Virginia, in King and Queen County is named. Shackelford's descendants continued to live in the county, and by the nineteenth century had intermarried with the Taliaferro, Beverley, Thornton and Sears families, among others.

In 1762 when he was 11, future president James Madison was sent to a boarding school run by Donald Robertson at the Innes plantation in King and Queen County. Robertson was a Scottish teacher who tutored numerous prominent plantation families in the South. From Robertson, Madison learned mathematics, geography, and modern and classical languages—he became especially proficient in Latin. He attributed his instinct for learning "largely to that man (Robertson)." At age 16, Madison returned to his father's Montpelier estate in Orange County, Virginia.

On March 2, 1864, the Battle of Walkerton, an engagement of the American Civil War took place here, resulting in a Confederate victory.

For many years, county publications noted that the county lacked any traffic lights. This is now no longer the case, as a traffic light has been installed on U.S. Route 360 at St. Stephen's Church.

The county contains no incorporated towns and is among the more rustic of the counties of Virginia.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 326 square miles (840 km2), of which 315 square miles (820 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (3.4%) is water.

Adjacent Counties

Major Highways

  • US 360
  • SR 14
  • SR 33
  • SR 40
  • SR 69


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 9,377
1800 9,879 5.4%
1810 10,988 11.2%
1820 11,798 7.4%
1830 11,644 −1.3%
1840 10,862 −6.7%
1850 10,319 −5.0%
1860 10,328 0.1%
1870 9,709 −6.0%
1880 10,502 8.2%
1890 9,669 −7.9%
1900 9,265 −4.2%
1910 9,576 3.4%
1920 9,161 −4.3%
1930 7,618 −16.8%
1940 6,954 −8.7%
1950 6,299 −9.4%
1960 5,889 −6.5%
1970 5,491 −6.8%
1980 5,968 8.7%
1990 6,289 5.4%
2000 6,630 5.4%
2010 6,945 4.8%
2018 (est.) 7,042 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960 1900–1990
1990–2000 2010–2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,630 people, 2,673 households, and 1,897 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 3,010 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 61.22% White, 35.67% Black or African American, 1.42% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,673 households, out of which 26.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.70% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,941, and the median income for a family was $40,563. Males had a median income of $33,217 versus $21,753 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,236. 10.90% of the population and 7.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 8.10% are under the age of 18 and 14.80% are 65 or older.


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