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New Kent County, Virginia facts for kids

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New Kent County, Virginia
Seal of New Kent County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting New Kent County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1654
Seat New Kent
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

223 sq mi (578 km²)
210 sq mi (544 km²)
14 sq mi (36 km²), 6.1%
 - (2015)
 - Density

91/sq mi (35/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Named for: Kent, England

New Kent County is a county located in the eastern part the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,429. Its county seat is New Kent.

New Kent County is included in the Greater Richmond Region.


New Kent County was established in 1654 from York County and was organized and settled by William Claiborne. The county's name originated because several prominent inhabitants, including William Claiborne, recently had been forced from their settlement at Kent Island, Maryland by Lord Baltimore upon the formation of Maryland. Claiborne had named the island for his birthplace in Kent, England. New Kent County is the birthplace of two U. S. Presidents' wives - Martha Washington and Letitia Christian Tyler. The church where George and Martha Washington are believed to have been wed, St. Peters, still holds services today. The Chickahominy Indians frequented this area as well as nearby Charles City County and two tribes are still well-established in this area.

Among the earliest settlers of New Kent County was Nicholas Gentry, who settled in New Kent in 1684. The parish register books of St. Peter's Parish show that Nicholas Gentry's daughter was baptized in the church in 1687. The records also reflect other Gentrys, probably Nicholas Gentry's relations, Peter and Samuel Gentry. As the result of arson confessed to by John Price Posey and Tho Green, and, allegedly, involving "a negro boy belonging to W. Chamberlayne" on 15 July 1787, many later county records were burned, making identifying relationships between family members difficult.

In November 1719, a portion of New Kent County known then as St. Paul's Parish was formed into a separate county, now Hanover County.

In 2006, the U.S. Census Bureau rated New Kent County among the top 100 fastest-growing counties in America.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 223 square miles (579 km²), of which 210 square miles (543 km²) is land and 14 square miles (36 km²) (6.23%) is water. The Chickahominy River borders the county to the south, the Pamunkey and York rivers border it to the north and east.

Adjacent counties


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 6,239
1800 6,363 2.0%
1810 6,478 1.8%
1820 6,630 2.3%
1830 6,458 −2.6%
1840 6,230 −3.5%
1850 6,064 −2.7%
1860 5,884 −3.0%
1870 4,381 −25.5%
1880 5,515 25.9%
1890 5,511 −0.1%
1900 4,865 −11.7%
1910 4,682 −3.8%
1920 4,541 −3.0%
1930 4,300 −5.3%
1940 4,092 −4.8%
1950 3,995 −2.4%
1960 4,504 12.7%
1970 5,300 17.7%
1980 8,781 65.7%
1990 10,445 19.0%
2000 13,462 28.9%
2010 18,429 36.9%
Est. 2015 20,392 10.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2012

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,429 people residing in the county. 81.7% were White, 13.5% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.5% of some other race and 2.3% of two or more races. 2.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 15.2% were of English, 11.7% American, 10.6% German and 9.4% Irish ancestry.

At the 2000 census, there were 13,462 people, 4,925 households and 3,895 families residing in the county. The population density was 64 per square mile (25/km²). There were 5,203 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.26% White, 16.20% Black or African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 1.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,925 households of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.60% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.90% were non-families. 16.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.97.

Age distribution was 25.00% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 32.00% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.90 males.

The median household income was $53,595, and the median family income was $60,678. Males had a median income of $40,005 versus $28,894 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,893. 4.90% of the population and 3.40% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.40% are under the age of 18 and 7.00% are 65 or older.



  • Interstate 64 traverses the county, with four exits (205, 211, 214 and 220), roughly paralleling U.S. 60.
  • Major state highways include State Routes 30, 33, 106, 155, 249, and 273.


The county is crossed by the railroad tracks of CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern, but has no passenger rail stations. The nearest Amtrak service is at stations in Williamsburg and Richmond.


New Kent Airport (W96) is in the county's western end near Quinton. It is a general aviation facility. Commercial passenger services and cargo services are offered at Richmond International Airport, which is located in adjacent Henrico County, about 10 miles west of Bottoms Bridge.


New Kent Winery & Vineyards opened on May 31, 2008 and is located just off Interstate 64.


There are no incorporated towns in New Kent County. Unincorporated towns and communities include:

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

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