Essex County, Virginia facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Essex County, Virginia
Seal of Essex County, Virginia
Map
Map of Virginia highlighting Essex County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the USA highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1692
Seat Tappahannock
Largest town Tappahannock
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

286 sq mi (741 km²)
257 sq mi (666 km²)
29 sq mi (75 km²), 10.1%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

11,130
39/sq mi (15/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.essex-virginia.org

Essex County is a county located in the Middle Peninsula in the U.S. state of Virginia; the peninsula is bordered by the Rappahannock River on the north and the York River on the south. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,151. Its county seat is Tappahannock.

History

Essex County was established in 1692 from the old Rappahannock County, Virginia (not to be confused with the present-day Rappahannock County, Virginia). The county is named for either the shire or county in England, or for the Earl of Essex.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km2), of which 257 square miles (670 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (10.1%) is water. Its main town, Tappahanock, is focused at the Rappahanock River.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • US 17
  • US 360

National protected area

  • Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge (part) Hutchinson unit, Thomas unit

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 9,122
1800 9,508 4.2%
1810 9,376 −1.4%
1820 9,909 5.7%
1830 10,521 6.2%
1840 11,309 7.5%
1850 10,206 −9.8%
1860 10,469 2.6%
1870 9,927 −5.2%
1880 11,032 11.1%
1890 10,047 −8.9%
1900 9,701 −3.4%
1910 9,105 −6.1%
1920 8,542 −6.2%
1930 6,976 −18.3%
1940 7,006 0.4%
1950 6,530 −6.8%
1960 6,690 2.5%
1970 7,099 6.1%
1980 8,864 24.9%
1990 8,689 −2.0%
2000 9,989 15.0%
2010 11,151 11.6%
Est. 2015 11,130 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2000, there were 9,989 people, 3,995 households, and 2,740 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 4,926 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 57.96% White, 39.04% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. 0.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,995 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.70% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,395, and the median income for a family was $43,588. Males had a median income of $29,736 versus $22,253 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,994. About 7.70% of families and 11.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Town

Unincorporated communities


Essex County, Virginia Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.