Lexington, South Carolina facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Lexington, South Carolina
Town
Lexington, South Carolina Courthouse.jpg
Motto: "Building Partnerships"
Country  United States of America
State  South Carolina
County Lexington County
Area
 • Town 8.8 sq mi (22.97 km2)
 • Land 8.7 sq mi (22.95 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 394 ft (120 m)
Population (2010)
 • Town 17,870 (Lexington Limits)
 • Rank 23rd
 • Density 2,014/sq mi (778/km2)
 • Metro 82,769 (Sub-County)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 29071, 29072, 29073
Area code(s) 803
FIPS code 45-41335
GNIS feature ID 1246349
Website www.lexsc.com

Lexington is the county seat and the largest town of Lexington County, South Carolina, United States. Lexington is a suburb of the state's capital and largest city, Columbia. The population was 19,898 at the 2013 census. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated 2016 population is 24,905.

History

In 1735, the colonial government of King George II established eleven townships in backcountry South Carolina, to encourage settlement, and to provide a buffer between Native American tribes to the West and colonial plantations in the Lowcountry. The townships included one named Saxe Gotha, which flourished with major crops of corn, wheat, tobacco, hemp, and flax, as well as beeswax and livestock.

The Battle of Tarrar Springs was fought nearby on November 16, 1781. In 1785, Saxe Gotha was replaced with Lexington County, in commemoration of the Battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. The county's first courthouse was built in Granby, but chronic flooding forced the courthouse to move in 1820 to its present location, establishing the community of Lexington Courthouse. The community was incorporated as the Town of Lexington in 1861.

In 1865 Union Army forces destroyed the courthouse and many buildings in the town. But local farms and the lumber industry helped stabilize the economy after Reconstruction. The town grew due to the Columbia to Augusta Railroad and the Lexington Textile Mill, constructed in 1890.

Many current brick buildings were built in the aftermath of severe fires in 1894 and 1916.

The Move Over Law, a law that requires drivers to change lanes when there is a stopped emergency vehicle on the side of the road, originated in Lexington, SC, after a South Carolina Paramedic, James D. Garcia, was struck and injured at an accident scene on Jan. 28, 1994. Garcia was listed at fault, leading to his work to create this law. SC's version (SC 56-5-1538) passed in 1996, and was revised in 2002.

A Murphy Express gas station on Augusta Highway in Lexington, SC sold a $400 million winning Powerball ticket on September 18, 2013. This ticket was the fifth largest winning ticket of any United States lottery.

On November 5, 2013, incumbent Lexington mayor Randy Halfacre lost a reelection bid to Councilman Steve MacDougall by only 18 votes. A recount was initiated but the results remained the same.

Buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places. include:

  • The Ballentine-Shealy House
  • Bank of Western Carolina
  • W. Q. M. Berly House
  • William Berly House
  • Lemuel Boozer House
  • C.E. Corley House
  • Fox House
  • Gunter-Summers House
  • James Harman Building
  • Ernest L. Hazelius House
  • John Solomon Hendrix House
  • John Jacob Hite Farm
  • Home National Bank,
  • Lexington County Courthouse
  • Henry Lybrand Farm
  • Maj. Henry A. Meetze House
  • Old Batesburg-Leesville High School
  • Charlton Rauch House
  • David Rawl House
  • Simmons-Harth House
  • James Stewart House
  • Vastine Wessinger House
Lexington, SC Main Street View
A view of Lexington's Main Street.

Geography

Lexington is located at 33°58′52″N 81°13′51″W / 33.98111°N 81.23083°W / 33.98111; -81.23083 (33.980975, -81.230839).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 8.8 square miles (23 km2), of which 8.7 square miles (23 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.73%) is water.

Lexington is 12 mi (19 km) away from South Carolina's state capital and largest city, Columbia.

Climate

The lowest recorded temperature in Lexington was −2 °F (−19 °C) in February 1899. The warmest recorded temperature was 111 °F (44 °C) in June 2012. July averages the most yearly precipitation. Lexington averages 48 in (1.2 m) of rain per year; Lexington averages 4 in (10 cm) of snow per year.

Climate data for Columbia, South Carolina (Columbia Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 84
(28.9)
84
(28.9)
93
(33.9)
96
(35.6)
101
(38.3)
107
(41.7)
109
(42.8)
107
(41.7)
106
(41.1)
101
(38.3)
90
(32.2)
83
(28.3)
109
(42.8)
Average high °F (°C) 56.0
(13.33)
61
(16.1)
68
(20)
76
(24.4)
84
(28.9)
90
(32.2)
93
(33.9)
91
(32.8)
85
(29.4)
76
(24.4)
67
(19.4)
58
(14.4)
75
(23.9)
Average low °F (°C) 30
(-1.1)
33
(0.6)
41
(5)
50
(10)
60
(15.6)
68
(20)
72
(22.2)
71
(21.7)
64
(17.8)
52
(11.1)
42
(5.6)
32
(0)
51
(10.6)
Record low °F (°C) −1
(-18.3)
−4
(-20)
4
(-15.6)
26
(-3.3)
34
(1.1)
44
(6.7)
54
(12.2)
53
(11.7)
40
(4.4)
23
(-5)
12
(-11.1)
4
(-15.6)
-4
(-20)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.58
(90.9)
3.74
(95)
3.73
(94.7)
2.62
(66.5)
2.97
(75.4)
4.69
(119.1)
5.46
(138.7)
5.26
(133.6)
3.54
(89.9)
3.17
(80.5)
2.74
(69.6)
3.22
(81.8)
44.56
(1,131.8)
Snowfall inches (cm) 0.1
(0.3)
0.8
(2)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.1
(0.3)
1.6
(4.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.9 9.1 8.6 8.0 7.7 10.5 11.8 10.5 7.3 7.0 7.3 9.0 106.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.5 0.3 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.0
Sunshine hours 173.6 183.6 238.7 270.0 291.4 279.0 285.2 263.5 240.0 235.6 195.0 173.6 2,829.2
Source: NOAA (extremes 1887–present),

Transportation

The CMRTA no longer runs any stops within town limits. There are no public transportation options, but taxi services are available.

Roads and Highways

Interstates

  • I-26 (SC).svg I-26 Interstate 26 travels from northwest to southeast and connects the Columbia area to the other two major population centers of South Carolina: the Greenville-Spartanburg area in the northwestern part of the state and North Charleston – Charleston area in the southeastern part of the state.
  • I-20 (SC).svg I-20 Interstate 20 travels from west to east and connects Columbia to Atlanta and Augusta in the west and Florence in the east. It serves the nearby towns and suburbs of Pelion, Lexington, West Columbia, Sandhill, Pontiac, and Elgin. Interstate 20 is also used by travelers heading to Myrtle Beach, although the interstate's eastern terminus is in Florence.

U.S. Routes

  • US 1.svg U.S. 1
  • US 378.svg U.S. 378

S.C. Highways

  • South Carolina 6.svg SC 6
  • South Carolina 602.svg SC 602

Sights

Lake Murray B0078
Lake Murray Dam

Slightly north of the relatively affluent town of Lexington rests one of South Carolina's major lakes, Lake Murray. The lake is held by a 1.7 mile long dam which people are free to drive, bike, run, or walk across. The Saluda Dam, or Lake Murray Dam, provides electricity for the surrounding area and is a beacon for the Midlands of South Carolina. There is also a public swimming area that is open during the summer months on the Lexington side of the dam.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 262
1890 342 30.5%
1900 806 135.7%
1910 709 −12.0%
1920 894 26.1%
1930 1,152 28.9%
1940 1,033 −10.3%
1950 1,081 4.6%
1960 1,127 4.3%
1970 969 −14.0%
1980 2,131 119.9%
1990 3,289 54.3%
2000 9,793 197.8%
2010 17,870 82.5%
Est. 2015 20,138 12.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 Estimate

As of the census of 2010, there were 17,870 people, 8,101 households, and 2,558 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,724.4 people per square mile (665.7/km²). There were 4,025 housing units at an average density of 708.7 per square mile (273.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.88% White, 12.48% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population.

There were 3,644 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 39.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,865, and the median income for a family was $65,694. Males had a median income of $44,883 versus $29,020 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,416. About 5.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over.

Neighboring Towns and Cities

This is a list of municipalities within 15 miles of the town center of Lexington, SC:

Images for kids


Lexington, South Carolina Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.