List of World Heritage Sites in Romania facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

The List of World Heritage Sites in Romania is a group of places chosen by UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

History

UNESCO was created for the "conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science". The constitution of UNESCO was ratified in 1946 by 26 countries.

Romania agreed to take part in the World Heritage Convention in 1990.

List

The table lists information about each World Heritage Site:

Name: as listed by the World Heritage Committee
Location: village or city of the site
County: one of the 40 counties of Romania
Period: time period of significance, typically of construction
UNESCO data: the site's reference number; the year the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List; the criteria it was listed under: criteria (i) through (vi) are cultural, while (vii) through (x) are natural
Description: brief description of the site
     † Natural site
Name Image Location County Period UNESCO data Description Ref(s)
Churches of Moldavia Biserica Arbore Arbore Suceava late 15th to late 16th century 598; 1993, 2010 (extended); i, iv The eight churches have external walls covered in authentic and particularly well preserved fresco paintings represent complete cycles of religious themes and are considered "masterpieces inspired by Byzantine art". These include:
  • Beheading of Saint John the Baptist Church of Arbore village.
  • The Assumption of the Virgin and of Saint George's Church of the old Humor Monastery.
  • The Church of the Annunciation of Moldovița Monastery.
  • Sacred Cross Church of Pătrăuți.
  • Saint Nicolas' Church of Probota Monastery.
  • Saint John the New Monastery of Suceava.|| 1993
  • Saint George's Church of the former Voroneț Monastery.
  • Church of the Resurrection of Sucevița Monastery.
Biserica Manastirii Humorului si Turnul lui Vasile Lupu.jpg Humor
Mănăstirea Moldovița vedere laterala 2.jpg Moldovița
Biserica Inaltarea Sf. Cruci din Patrauti19.jpg Pătrăuți
RO SV Probota monastery ensemble 2.jpg Probota
Mănăstirea Sfântul Ioan cel Nou26.jpg Suceava
Mănăstirea Voroneț vedere laterala 09.jpg Voroneț
Biserica si curtea manastirii Sucevita.jpg Sucevița
Dacian Fortresses of the Orăștie Mountains Sarmizegetusa Regia 16.JPG Sarmizegetusa Regia Hunedoara 1st centuries B.C. and A.D. 906; 1999; ii, iii, iv An unusual fusion of military and religious architectural techniques and concepts. Including:
  • Sarmizegetusa Regia, the capital of Dacia.
  • Costești-Cetățuie Dacian fortress
  • Costești-Blidaru Dacian fortress, the strongest of the Dacian Fortresses.
  • Piatra Roșie Dacian fortress.
  • Dacian fortress of Bănița.
  • Dacian fortress of Căpâlna.
Costesti Cetatuie Dacian Fortress 2011 - Tower House One and Stairs-4.jpg Costești-Cetățuie
Turn de colt al cetatii.JPG Costești-Blidaru
Piatra Rosie Dacian fortress 038.jpg Piatra Roșie
Bănița
Dacian Fortress of Capalna 052.jpg Căpâlna Alba County
Historic Centre of Sighișoara Sighisoara - Strada Turnului.jpg Sighișoara Mureș 13th century 902; 1999; iii, iv A fine example of a small, fortified medieval town
Danube Delta Delta del Danubio, Rumanía, 2016-05-28, DD 19.jpg Tulcea 588; 1991; vii, x Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe† Izvoarele Nerei Caraș-Severin 41; 2017; ix
Beu.jpg Cheile Nerei-Beușnița
Baile Herculane .- Parc National vallée de la Cerna-Domogled..jpg Domogled-Valea Cernei
Cozia National Park, Romania.jpg Cozia Massif Vâlcea
Casute pe culmea Runculet - panoramio.jpg Lotru Mountains
Șinca Secular Forest Brașov
Karpatenlandschaft bei Slatioara.JPG Slătioara Secular Forest Suceava
Tibles Mountains from Pietrosul.jpg Țibleș Mountains Maramureș
Monastery of Horezu Horezu H03-45.jpg Horezu Vâlcea 1690 597; 1993; ii A masterpiece of the Brâncovenesc style
Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania Biertan - panoramio (1).jpg Biertan Sibiu 13th to the 16th century 596; 1993, 1999 (extended); iv A picture of the cultural landscape of southern Transylvania. Including:
  • The site of Biertan with the fortified church and a part of the town.
  • Village of Câlnic.
  • Village of Dârjiu.
  • Village of Prejmer.
  • Village of Saschiz.
  • Village of Valea Viilor.
  • Village of Viscri.
Cetatea din Câlnic 6.jpg Câlnic Alba
Darjiu Ansamblu (1).JPG Dârjiu Harghita
Biserica fortificată din Prejmer - vedere de ansamblu.jpg Prejmer Brașov
Ansamblul Bisericii evanghelice fortificate din Saschiz.jpg Saschiz Mureș
Biserica evanghelica fortificata din Valea Viilor (29).JPG Valea Viilor Sibiu
Biserica fortificata evanghelica Viscri.JPG Viscri Braşov
Wooden Churches of Maramureș Manastirea Barsana-Rasarit.jpg Bârsana Maramureș 17th and 18th century 904; 1999; iv Outstanding examples of a range of architectural solutions from different periods and areas. Including:
  • The Church of the Presentation of the Virgin in the Temple in Bârsana.
  • The Church of Saint Nicholas in Budești.
  • The Saint Parascheva Church in Desești.
  • The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Ieud Deal.
  • The Church of the Holy Archangels in Plopiș.
  • The Saint Parascheva Church in Poienile Izei.
  • The Church of the Holy Archangels in Rogoz.
  • The Church of the Holy Archangels in Șurdești.
Biserica Josani.jpg Budești Josani
Desesti wooden church15.jpg Desești
IeudDealMM2012 (163).JPG Ieud Deal
Nyárfás, görög katolikus fatemplom.JPG Plopiș
Poienile IzeiMM (104).JPG Poienile Izei
Biserica de lemn Sf.Arhangheli Rogoz (10).JPG Rogoz
Biserca de lemn de la Șurdești, Maramureș.jpg Șurdești

Tentative list

In addition to sites inscribed on the World Heritage list, member states can maintain a list of tentative sites that they may consider for nomination. Nominations for the World Heritage list are only accepted if the site was previously listed on the tentative list. As of 2016, Romania recorded 14 sites on its tentative list. The sites, along with the year they were included on the tentative list are:

  1. Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Churches in Curtea de Argeș (1991)
  2. Cule from Oltenia (1991)
  3. Church of the Three Hierarchs in Iași (1991)
  4. Densuș Church (1991)
  5. Historic Town of Alba Iulia (1991)
  6. Neamț Monastery (1991)
  7. Pietrosul Rodnei (1991)
  8. Retezat Massif (1991)
  9. Rupestral Ensemble from Basarabi (1991)
  10. Sânpetru Formation (1991)
  11. Monumental Ensemble of Târgu Jiu (1991)
  12. Historic Centre of Sibiu and its Ensemble of Squares (2004)
  13. Old Villages of Hollókő and Rimetea and their Surroundings (2012)
  14. Rosia Montana Mining Cultural Landscape (2016)

Gallery

Related pages


List of World Heritage Sites in Romania Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.