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List of birds of Tristan da Cunha facts for kids

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Tristan da Cunha on the Globe (in the United Kingdom)
Location of Tristan da Cunha

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Tristan da Cunha. The avifauna of Tristan da Cunha include a total of eighty-eight species, of which twelve are endemic or breeding endemic, and one is extinct.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 2018 edition.

The following tags have been used to categorise some species:

  • (A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Tristan da Cunha
  • (E) Endemic - a species endemic to Tristan da Cunha
  • (Ex) Extinct - a species that no longer exists

Ducks, geese, and swans

Order Anseriformes   Family Anatidae

Includes all but four species of Anseriformes. They are excellent at an aquatic life thanks to an oily covering on their feathers. One species has been recorded in Tristan da Cunha.

  • Yellow-billed teal, Anas flavirostris (A)

Cuckoos and anis

Order Cuculiformes   Family Cuculidae

Cuckoos are found almost worldwide. They are highly variable in size, shape, colour, and habits.

Nighthawks

Order Caprimulgiformes   Family Caprimulgidae

Nighthawks belong to the same family as nightjars but are found only in the Americas. They have mottled or striped plumage for camouflage.

  • Common nighthawk, Chordeiles minor (A)

Rails, gallinules, and coots

Order Gruiformes   Family Rallidae

Rails are usually secretive birds. Many island species are flightless and many of those have gone extinct in the last five centuries. Gallinules are less secretive, and are usually found near or on water.

Penguins

Penguins are southern ocean birds with only one species north of the equator. Small to large in size and mostly black and white in colour. Five species have been recorded in Tristan da Cunha.

Tropicbirds

Order Phaethontiformes   Family Phaethontidae Tropicbirds are seabirds once thought to be closely related to pelicans but now known to belong in a clade known as Metaves. Three species have been record in Tristan da Cunha.

Storm petrels

Order Procellariiformes   Family Hydrobatidae Storm petrels are small marine birds mostly black and white. Seven species have been recorded in Tristan da Cunha.

Petrels and shearwaters

Order Procellariiformes   Family Procellariidae Petrels and shearwaters are known collectively as tubenoses for the tubes on their beaks which they use for excreting salt. There are 22 species in Tristan da Cunha.

Albatrosses

Order Procellariiformes   Family Diomedeidae

Albatrosses are large tubenoses with wingspans of more than a meter. Most are southern ocean species but some are found in the north Pacific Ocean. There are seven species in Tristan da Cunha.

Herons, egrets, and bitterns

Order Pelecaniformes   Family Ardeidae Herons are long-necked long-legged water birds. The majority feed on fish and other pond-life. Six species have been recorded in Tristan da Cunha.

Sheathbills

Order Charadriiformes   Family Chionidae Sheathbills are scavenging ground-dwelling birds native to Antarctica.

  • Snowy sheathbill, Chionis albus (A)

Plovers and lapwings

Order Charadriiformes   Family Charadriidae

Plovers are small to medium-sized wading birds found worldwide, which live both on coasts and inland. Two species have been recorded in Tristan da Cunha.

Sandpipers and allies

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Scolopacidae

Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil.

Skuas and jaegers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.

  • Brown skua, Stercorarius antarctica
  • Pomarine jaeger, Stercorarius pomarinus (A)
  • Chilean skua, Stercorarius chilensis (A)
  • Long-tailed jaeger, Stercorarius longicaudus (A)

Gulls, terns, and skimmers

Order: Charadriiformes   Family: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. Gulls are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years.

Storks

Order: Ciconiiformes   Family: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute, but bill-clattering is an important mode of communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. Only one species is a visitor to Tristan da Cunha.

Falcons

Order: Falconiformes   Family: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons. One species has been recorded in Tristan da Cunha.

  • Amur falcon, Falco amurensis (A)

Swallows

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Hirundinidae

The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base.

Tanagers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Thraupidae This large family includes the true tanagers, as well as a number of other species often referred to simply as "finches", although they are not members of the true finch family.

  • Nightingale Island finch, Neospiza acunhae (E)
  • Wilkins's finch, Nesospiza wilkinsi (E)
  • Inaccessible Island finch, Nesospiza acunhae (E)
  • Gough Island finch, Rowettia goughensis (E)

Leaf-warblers

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Phylloscopidae This widespread family consists of small, insectivorous birds that forage mainly in trees.

  • Willow warbler, Phylloscopus trochilus (A)

Thrushes

Order: Passeriformes   Family: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

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