List of flora of Washington (state) facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts

This is a list of species that are native to the U.S. state of Washington.

Plants sorted by family

Asparagaceae

  • Camas

Athyriaceae

  • Athyrium filix-femina — common lady fern

Berberidaceae

  • Achlys californica
  • Achlys triphylla
  • Berberis nervosa — dwarf Oregon-grape
  • Mahonia aquifolium — Oregon-grape
  • Vancouveria hexandra

Betulaceae

  • Alnus incana — mountain alder
  • Alnus rhombifolia — white alder
  • Alnus rubra — red alder
  • Alnus viridis — Siberian alder, Sitka alder, mountain alder
  • Betula glandulosa — swamp birch
  • Betula occidentalis — water birch, river birch
  • Betula papyrifera — paper birch
  • Betula pumila — bog birch, dwarf birch
  • Corylus cornuta — California hazel, beaked hazel

Blechnaceae

  • Blechnum spicant — deer fern

Cannabaceae

  • Celtis reticulata — western hackberry/netleaf hackberry

Cornaceae

  • Cornus nuttallii — Pacific dogwood
  • Cornus sericea — creek dogwood
  • Cornus unalaschkensis — western bunchberry

Cupressaceae

  • Cupressus nootkatensis — Nootka cypress
  • Juniperus communis — common juniper
  • Juniperus maritima — seaside juniper
  • Juniperus occidentalis — western juniper
  • Juniperus scopulorum — Rocky Mountain juniper
  • Thuja plicata — western redcedar

Dryopteridaceae

  • Polystichum munitum — western sword fern

Ericaceae

  • Arbutus menziesii — Pacific madrona
  • Arctostaphylos uva-ursi — kinnickinnick
  • rhododendron macrophyllum — Pacific rhododendron

Fagaceae

  • Chrysolepis chrysophylla — golden chinquapin
  • Quercus garryana — Oregon white oak

Hydrangeaceae

  • Philadelphus lewisii — Lewis's mock-orange

Liliaceae

  • Erythronium revolutum — trout lily

Oleaceae

  • Fraxinus latifolia — Oregon ash

Paeoniaceae

  • Paeonia brownii — native peony

Pinaceae

  • Abies amabilis — Pacific silver fir
  • Abies grandis — grand fir
  • Abies lasiocarpa — subalpine fir
  • Abies procera — noble fir
  • Larix lyallii — alpine larch
  • Larix occidentalis — western larch
  • Picea engelmannii — Engelmann spruce
  • Picea glauca — white spruce, western white spruce
  • Picea sitchensis — Sitka spruce
  • Pinus albicaulis — whitebark pine
  • Pinus contorta — lodgepole pine
  • Pinus monticola — western white pine
  • Pinus ponderosa — ponderosa pine
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii — Douglas fir
  • Tsuga heterophylla — western hemlock
  • Tsuga mertensiana — mountain hemlock

Plantaginaceae

  • Penstemon acuminatus — sharpleaf penstemon
  • Penstemon barrettiae — Barrett's beardtongue
  • Penstemon cardwellii — T.J. Howell Cardwell's beardtongue
  • Penstemon palmeri — Palmer's penstemon
  • Penstemon rupicola — cliff beardtongue

Polypodiaceae

  • Polypodium glycyrrhiza — licorice fern

Rhamnaceae

  • Rhamnus purshiana — cascara buckthorn

Rosaceae

  • Rosa nutkana — Nootka rose

Salicaceae

  • Populus tremuloides — quaking aspen
  • Populus trichocarpa — black cottonwood
  • Salix amygdaloides — peach-leaf willow
  • Salix arctica — Arctic willow
  • Salix barclayi — Barclay's willow
  • Salix bebbiana — gray willow, Bebb's willow, long-beak willow
  • Salix boothii — Booth's willow
  • Salix brachycarpa — small-fruit willow
  • Salix candida — sage willow
  • Salix cascadensis — Cascade willow
  • Salix columbiana — Columbia River willow
  • Salix commutata — under-green willow
  • Salix drummondiana — Drummond's willow
  • Salix eastwoodiae — Sierra willow
  • Salix exigua — narrow-leaf willow, coyote willow
  • Salix farriae — Farr's willow
  • Salix fragilis — crack willow
  • Salix geyeriana — Geyer's willow
  • Salix glauca — gray willow
  • Salix hookeriana — coastal willow
  • Salix lasiandra — Pacific willow
  • Salix lasiolepis — arroyo willow
  • Salix maccalliana — Maccalla's willow
  • Salix melanopsis — dusky willow
  • Salix monochroma — one-color willow
  • Salix nivalis — dwarf snow willow
  • Salix pedicellaris — bog willow
  • Salix petrophila — alpine willow
  • Salix planifolia — tea-leaved willow
  • Salix prolixa — Mackenzie's willow
  • Salix pseudomonticola — false mountain willow
  • Salix scouleriana — Scouler's willow
  • Salix sessilifolia — sessile-leaf willow
  • Salix sitchensis — Sitka willow
  • Salix tweedyi — Tweedy's willow
  • Salix vestita — rock willow

Sapindaceae

  • Acer circinatum — vine maple
  • Acer glabrum — Douglas maple
  • Acer macrophyllum — big-leaf maple

Taxaceae

  • Taxus brevifolia — Pacific yew

List of flora of Washington (state) Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.