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Madison, Connecticut
Beach on Long Island Sound in Madison
Beach on Long Island Sound in Madison
Official seal of Madison, Connecticut
Location in New Haven County, Connecticut
Country United States
State Connecticut
NECTA New Haven
Region South Central Region
Incorporated 1826
 • Type Selectman-town meeting
 • First Selectman Tom Banisch (R)
 • Selectman Robert Hale (R)
 • Selectman Bruce Wilson (R)
 • Selectman Al Goldberg (D)
 • Selectman Scott Murphy (D)
 • Total 36.8 sq mi (95.3 km2)
 • Land 36.2 sq mi (93.8 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
223 ft (68 m)
 • Total 18,114
 • Density 492.2/sq mi (190.07/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 203
FIPS code 09-44560
GNIS feature ID 0213454

Madison is a town in the southeastern corner of New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, occupying a central location on Connecticut's Long Island Sound shoreline. The population was 18,269 at the 2010 census.

Madison was first settled in 1641. Throughout the 18th century, Madison was known as East Guilford until it was incorporated as a town in 1826. Since then, Madison and Guilford have shared many cultural and economic similarities despite an unofficial high school rivalry.

Bill Clinton favorably mentions the town in his autobiography, My Life.


Hammonasset Beach State Park possesses the state's longest public beach, with campsites, picnic areas, and a fishing pier, and is extremely popular in the summer, causing traffic jams on I-95 on peak days.

Surf Club Beach is the town's major public beach with lifeguards and recreational facilities for baseball, softball, basketball, volleyball, and horseshoes. It features playgrounds for children and picnic tables for families, as well as sailboat and kayak racks. It is also home to several athletic fields, including Strong Field, the town's multi-purpose athletic complex.

East Wharf, sometimes referred to as the "purple sand beach," has lifeguards, a pier, kayak and sailboat racks in addition to a gazebo.

West Wharf has a pier, rock formations to the west, a small sunbathing beach and boat spaces.

The Madison Beach Club has its own beach and is located near Madison Country Club, a private golf course.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.8 square miles (95.3 km²), of which 36.2 square miles (93.8 km²) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²), or 1.6%, is water. Madison is bordered by the municipalities of Clinton and Killingworth to the east, Durham to the north, Guilford to the west, and Long Island Sound to the south.

Principal communities

  • East River
  • Hammonasset Point
  • Madison Center
  • North Madison
  • Rockland

Madison Center

Madison's center of town is the main area for businesses and the location of the town library and Madison Green Historic District. Madison Center is a census-designated place, with a population of 2,290 at the 2010 census. The center has many boutiques and eateries. Although it is called "the center," it is not the geographic center of Madison, but is located in the southern part of town, halfway between Clinton and Guilford.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,837
1860 1,865 1.5%
1870 1,814 −2.7%
1880 1,672 −7.8%
1890 1,429 −14.5%
1900 1,518 6.2%
1910 1,534 1.1%
1920 1,857 21.1%
1930 1,918 3.3%
1940 2,245 17.0%
1950 3,078 37.1%
1960 4,567 48.4%
1970 9,768 113.9%
1980 14,031 43.6%
1990 15,485 10.4%
2000 17,858 15.3%
2010 18,269 2.3%
Est. 2014 18,259 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
See also: List of Connecticut locations by per capita income
Madison Sunset
The beach at sunset

As of the 2000 census, there were 17,858 people, 6,515 households, and 5,120 families residing in the town. The population density was 493.3 people per square mile (190.5/km²). There were 7,386 housing units at an average density of 204.0 per square mile (78.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.62% White, 0.40% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.71% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.

There were 6,515 households, out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.4% were non-families. 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.

The town's population was distributed with 28.2% under the age of 18, 3.8% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 28.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $87,437, and the median income for a family was $101,297. Males had a median income of $73,525 versus $41,058 for females. The per capita income for the town was $40,537. About 0.9% of families and 1.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.5% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 29, 2013
Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage
Republican 4,138 150 4,288 29.97%
Democratic 3,536 134 3,670 25.65%
Unaffiliated 5,570 240 5,810 40.61%
Minor Parties 84 1 85 0.59%
Total 13,696 610 14,306 100%


The Madison train station is served by the Shore Line East commuter railroad, with service to New Haven's Union Station to the west and the Old Saybrook train station to the east, facilitating connections to the MTA's Metro-North Railroad and to Amtrak's Northeast Regional and Acela Express services. Similarly, the Estuary Transit District provides public transportation between Madison Center and Old Saybrook along U.S. Route 1 through its "9 Town Transit" service, and the Connecticut Transit "S" bus travels between Madison Center and New Haven.

Major roads in Madison include Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1, and state highway Routes 79 and 80.

From 1931 to 2007, Madison was served by Griswold Airport.

Camp Hadley

In 1935–1942, Madison served as the site of Camp Hadley, one of 23 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camps in Connecticut. In the winter of 2013, Daniel Hand High School math teacher and 'Woodsy Club' advisor Jason Engelhardt led an iniatiative to clean and preserve the site.

CampHadley IMG 1318
CCC Memorial plaque for Camp Hadley ruins, at entrance off Copse and Warpas Roads.

List of National Historic Sites in Madison

Deacon John Graves House Madison
Deacon John Grave House, Madison, Historic American Buildings Survey
  • Allis-Bushnell House, added February 25, 1982
  • Deacon John Grave House, added June 28, 1982
  • Hammanasset Paper Mill Site, added February 23, 1996
  • Madison Green Historic District, added June 28, 1982
  • Meigs-Bishop House, added June 16, 1988
  • Jonathan Murray House, added April 12, 1982
  • Shelley House, added February 9, 1989
  • State Park Supply Yard, added September 4, 1986

Sister city

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