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Madison County, Montana facts for kids

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Madison County
Madison County Courthouse in Virginia City
Madison County Courthouse in Virginia City
Map of Montana highlighting Madison County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Montana
Founded 1865
Named for James Madison
Seat Virginia City
Largest town Ennis
Area
 • Total 3,603 sq mi (9,330 km2)
 • Land 3,587 sq mi (9,290 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (40 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total 8,623
 • Density 2.3933/sq mi (0.92405/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district At-large
  • Montana county number 25

Madison County is a county in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 8,623. Its county seat is Virginia City. The county was founded in 1865; at the time it was part of the Montana Territory.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,603 square miles (9,330 km2), of which 3,587 square miles (9,290 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Beaverhead National Forest (part)
  • Deerlodge National Forest (part)
  • Gallatin National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,684
1880 3,915 45.9%
1890 4,692 19.8%
1900 7,695 64.0%
1910 7,229 −6.1%
1920 7,495 3.7%
1930 6,323 −15.6%
1940 7,294 15.4%
1950 5,998 −17.8%
1960 5,211 −13.1%
1970 5,014 −3.8%
1980 5,448 8.7%
1990 5,989 9.9%
2000 6,851 14.4%
2010 7,691 12.3%
2020 8,623 12.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2020

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,691 people, 3,560 households, and 2,192 families residing in the county. The population density was 2.1 inhabitants per square mile (0.81/km2). There were 6,940 housing units at an average density of 1.9 per square mile (0.73/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.0% were German, 19.7% were English, 18.9% were Irish, 7.3% were Norwegian, 5.9% were Swedish, 5.0% were Scottish, and 2.9% were American.

Of the 3,560 households, 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, and 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.67. The median age was 49.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,998 and the median income for a family was $52,636. Males had a median income of $38,495 versus $28,125 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,205. About 8.5% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Notable person

  • Sam V. Stewart, former Montana governor and Supreme Court justice
Black History Month on Kiddle
Famous African-American Pilots:
Bessie Coleman
Spann Watson
Jill E. Brown
Sherman W. White
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