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Madison County, Montana facts for kids

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Madison County
Madison County Courthouse in Virginia City
Madison County Courthouse in Virginia City
Map of Montana highlighting Madison County
Location within the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location within the U.S.
Country  United States
State  Montana
Founded 1865
Named for James Madison
Area
 • Total 3,603 sq mi (9,330 km2)
 • Land 3,587 sq mi (9,290 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (40 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2015)
7,915
 • Density 2.1/sq mi (0.8/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
Congressional district At-large

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,691. Its county seat is Virginia City. The county was founded in 1865. At the time it was part of the Montana Territory.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,603 square miles (9,330 km2), of which 3,587 square miles (9,290 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Beaverhead National Forest (part)
  • Deerlodge National Forest (part)
  • Gallatin National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,684
1880 3,915 45.9%
1890 4,692 19.8%
1900 7,695 64.0%
1910 7,229 −6.1%
1920 7,495 3.7%
1930 6,323 −15.6%
1940 7,294 15.4%
1950 5,998 −17.8%
1960 5,211 −13.1%
1970 5,014 −3.8%
1980 5,448 8.7%
1990 5,989 9.9%
2000 6,851 14.4%
2010 7,691 12.3%
Est. 2015 7,915 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2015

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 6,851 people, 2,956 households, and 1,921 families residing in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 4,671 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.02% White, 0.04% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.76% from other races, and 1.39% from two or more races. 1.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.6% were of German, 16.4% English, 11.0% Irish, 7.8% American and 7.3% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 2,956 households out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.80% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.00% were non-families. 29.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 4.90% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 30.10% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,233, and the median income for a family was $35,536. Males had a median income of $26,606 versus $17,917 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,944. About 10.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.20% of those under age 18 and 9.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,691 people, 3,560 households, and 2,192 families residing in the county. The population density was 2.1 inhabitants per square mile (0.81/km2). There were 6,940 housing units at an average density of 1.9 per square mile (0.73/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.8% white, 0.5% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.8% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 31.0% were German, 19.7% were English, 18.9% were Irish, 7.3% were Norwegian, 5.9% were Swedish, 5.0% were Scottish, and 2.9% were American.

Of the 3,560 households, 21.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, and 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.67. The median age was 49.8 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,998 and the median income for a family was $52,636. Males had a median income of $38,495 versus $28,125 for females. The per capita income for the county was $32,205. About 8.5% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

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