Mandeville, Louisiana facts for kids
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|Area||6.8 sq mi (17.6 km²)|
|- land||6.7 sq mi (17 km²)|
|- water||0.1 sq mi (0 km²), 1.47%|
|Density||1,725.4 /sq mi (666.2 /km²)|
|Mayor||Donald J. Villere (R)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||70448, 70471|
Mandeville is a small city in St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 11,560 at the 2010 census. Mandeville is located on the North Shore of Lake Pontchartrain, south of Interstate 12. It is across the lake from the city of New Orleans and its southshore suburbs. It is part of the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner metropolitan area.
The area had long been agricultural land when the town of Mandeville was laid out in 1834 by developer Bernard Xavier de Marigny de Mandeville, more often known as Bernard de Marigny. In 1840 Mandeville was incorporated as a town. It became a popular summer destination for well-to-do New Orleanians wishing to escape the city's heat.
In the mid-19th century, regular daily steamboat traffic between New Orleans and Mandeville began, and by the end of the Victorian era, it had become a popular weekend destination of the New Orleans middle class as well. Bands would play music on the ships going across the lake and at pavilions and dance halls in Mandeville, and the town became one of the first places where the new "jazz" music was heard outside of New Orleans. Bunk Johnson, Buddy Petit, Papa Celestin, George Lewis, Kid Ory, Edmond Hall, Chester Zardis, and many other early jazz artists regularly played in Mandeville.
In the late 19th century, Mandeville was home of the Harvey School, a college preparatory institution. Among those educated there was Andrew Querbes, then of New Orleans and later the mayor of Shreveport.
Two buildings from early jazz history still stand in Mandeville. Ruby's Roadhouse has been in continuous operation since the 1920s (formerly Buck's Brown Derby and Ruby's Rendezvous) and is still a popular bar and live music venue today. The Dew Drop Social and Benevolent Hall, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, opened in January 1895. For years the Hall hosted some of the jazz greats and was reopened in 2000 as the Dew Drop Jazz & Social Hall, a live jazz venue. (This was one of the earliest "Dew Drop" dance halls; venues across the South were similarly named, including the club in New Orleans where Little Richard got his start.)
In 1956, the first span of the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opened to automobile traffic. A second span was added in 1969. The new road spurred the growth of Mandeville and the surrounding area as a suburban commuter community for people working in New Orleans. This trend increased in the 1980s and 1990s, further integrating Mandeville into the Greater New Orleans metropolitan area.
Mandeville is home to Southeast Louisiana Hospital, a mental health facility. Louisiana governor Earl Long was committed here in 1959 amidst much controversy. In July 2012, the Louisiana State Department of Health announced the closure of the hospital, citing reduced federal money from Medicaid.
Mandeville is also home to the largest certified southern live oak tree, the Seven Sisters Oak.
Mandeville was affected by Hurricane Katrina's storm surge in August 2005 and received water and wind damage. Parts of the city also experienced less dramatic flooding when Lake Pontchartrain overflowed its banks due to Hurricane Ike in 2008. By 2009, most of the reconstruction from Katrina was completed. Many homes and businesses in areas that experienced flooding have been elevated.
Mandeville was named one of the Relocate America Top 100 Places to Live in 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, and 2009.
Mandeville was among the recipients of Google's eCity award in 2013, given to those cities whose small businesses most effectively employ the internet to attract customers.
Mandeville is located at(30.369282, -90.078006) and has an elevation of 7 feet (2.1 m).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.8 square miles (17.7 km2), of which 6.7 square miles (17.4 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.55%, is water.
The Tchefuncte River flows through Madisonville, where a human operated swing bridge still connects suburban Mandeville to Madisonville. It is rumored that pop singer Britney Spears recently purchased a house there.
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,489 people, 4,204 households, and 2,724 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,543.1 people per square mile (595.6/km²). There were 4,669 housing units at an average density of 686.9 per square mile (265.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.15% White, 4.79% African American, 0.31% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.43% of the population.
There were 4,204 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were approximately 89.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were approximately 84.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $52,500, and the median income for a family was $70,043. Males had a median income of $50,891 versus $30,554 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,420. About 4.9% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 13.7% of those age 65 or over.
Mandeville has one sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International:
- Pictures of historic Dew Drop Dance Hall at the Wayback Machine (archived May 6, 2005)Template:St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana
Mandeville, Louisiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.