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Marblehead, Ohio
Village
Aerial view of the Marblehead Lighthouse and surrounding parts of the village
Aerial view of the Marblehead Lighthouse and surrounding parts of the village
Location of Marblehead, Ohio
Location of Marblehead, Ohio
Location of Marblehead in Ottawa County
Location of Marblehead in Ottawa County
Country United States
State Ohio
County Ottawa
Township Danbury
Area
 • Total 4.16 sq mi (10.77 km2)
 • Land 3.17 sq mi (8.21 km2)
 • Water 0.99 sq mi (2.56 km2)
Elevation
627 ft (191 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total 903
 • Estimate 
(2019)
864
 • Density 272.56/sq mi (105.23/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
43440
Area code(s) 419
FIPS code 39-47502
GNIS feature ID 1065723
Marblehead Lighthouse - Marblehead, Ohio
The Marblehead Lighthouse at the end of the Marblehead Peninsula and the entrance to Sandusky Bay from Lake Erie.

Marblehead is a village in Ottawa County, Ohio, United States. The population was 903 at the 2010 census.

It sits at the tip of the Marblehead Peninsula, which divides Lake Erie proper from Sandusky Bay. Marblehead is part of the area that is referred to regionally as Vacationland (which includes nearby Sandusky and the Lake Erie Islands), due to the large number of tourists who flock to the area in the summer months. It remains a popular vacation destination due to its lake frontage, ferry service to the Lake Erie Islands, quality sport fishery, the nearby Lakeside Chautauqua, and the Cedar Point amusement park. Marblehead is also home to the Lakeside Daisy State Nature Preserve, home to the only natural U.S. population of the Lakeside Daisy, an endangered species.

Marblehead is home to the Marblehead Lighthouse, the oldest continuously-operating lighthouse on the American side of the Great Lakes. The lighthouse is a part of the Marblehead Lighthouse State Park located within the village. Marblehead is also home to a United States Coast Guard station. Nearby, in Sandusky Bay, is Johnson's Island, a former Confederate officer prisoner of war camp during the Civil War.

Marblehead is also commercially important as a major limestone producer. The limestone is mined in nearby quarries and transported by conveyor belt to the Marblehead loading dock, where it is loaded on commercial lake freighters. The blocks of stone used to construct the Stannard Rock Light on Lake Superior were cut at Marblehead and hauled to the site from 1877 to 1881.

Geography

Marblehead is located at 41°32′05″N 82°43′45″W / 41.534668°N 82.729119°W / 41.534668; -82.729119.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.31 square miles (11.16 km2), of which 3.31 square miles (8.57 km2) is land and 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 997
1910 1,172 17.6%
1920 1,048 −10.6%
1930 1,027 −2.0%
1940 915 −10.9%
1950 867 −5.2%
1960 858 −1.0%
1970 726 −15.4%
1980 679 −6.5%
1990 745 9.7%
2000 762 2.3%
2010 903 18.5%
2019 (est.) 864 −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 903 people, 417 households, and 285 families living in the village. The population density was 272.8 inhabitants per square mile (105.3/km2). There were 942 housing units at an average density of 284.6 per square mile (109.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 98.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 417 households, of which 18.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 4.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.57.

The median age in the village was 55.7 years. 15.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 13.5% were from 25 to 44; 37.3% were from 45 to 64; and 28.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 49.7% male and 50.3% female.

Economy

Marblehead's economy benefits from its lakefront situation, with its fishing, boating, and recreational tourism industries providing employment opportunities for many locals. Marblehead and surrounding attractions in Ottawa and Erie County are collectively known to visitors as "Vacationland," or more recently, Lake Erie's "Shores and Islands." The regional tourist economy is anchored by attractions like Cedar Point, Put-in-Bay, and Kelleys Island. Marblehead is the primary mainland port of the Kelleys Island Ferry Boat Line, the main passenger and vehicle ferry to Kelleys Island. Nearby Lakeside Chautauqua and Bay Point Resort serve as lakefront destinations as well. Marblehead contains many summer and second homes that residents of nearby Toledo, Cleveland, and Columbus visit during the tourist season.

Quarrying is also a large part of Marblehead's economy as it is a major limestone producer in the region. Lafarge Quarry, located in the interior of the peninsula, mines and transports quarries via the Marblehead loading dock.

Education

Marblehead, in addition to neighboring Danbury Township, is served by the Danbury Local School District. It operates one elementary school (Danbury Elementary), one middle school (Danbury Middle), and one high school (Danbury High).

Marblehead also contains the Marblehead Peninsula Branch of the Ida Rupp Public Library System.

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