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Mecklenburg County, Virginia facts for kids

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Mecklenburg County
Mecklenburg County Courthouse
Official seal of Mecklenburg County
Map of Virginia highlighting Mecklenburg County
Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location within the U.S.
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Country  United States
State  Virginia
Founded 1765
Named for Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Seat Boydton
Largest town South Hill
 • Total 679 sq mi (1,760 km2)
 • Land 625 sq mi (1,620 km2)
 • Water 54 sq mi (140 km2)  7.9%
 • Total 32,727
 • Estimate 
 • Density 48.20/sq mi (18.610/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 5th
Charlotte Mecklenburg
Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg, the county's namesake

Mecklenburg County is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,727. Its county seat is Boydton.


Mecklenburg County was organized on March 1, 1765, having split from Lunenburg County in 1764 as the result of the passage of an act by the Virginia General Assembly. Due to new settlement and population increases in the area, the legislature divided Lunenburg into three counties: Lunenburg, Charlotte, and Mecklenburg. It was named after Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

The first county government consisted of 13 members; Robert Munford, Richard Witton, John Speed, Henry Delony, Edmund Taylor, Benjamin Baird, John Camp, Thomas Erskine, John Potter, John Cox, Thomas Anderson, John Speed, Jr., and Samuel Hopkins; with Benjamin Baird acting as the first mayor.

Constitutional officers

Under the Virginia Constitution, each county and city within the state must install Constitutional Officers. Counties under the Traditional Form of Government must install all five officers. The majority of Virginia counties operate under the Traditional Form. Counties with the County Executive Form, Urban County Executive, or County Manager Plan of Government usually install just three (Clerk, Commonwealth Attorney, and Sheriff) opting for a Director of Finance appointed by the Board to take the place of the Commissioner of Revenue and Treasurer. Examples are (Fairfax, Henrico and Prince William Counties). These officers are heads of their respective departments. They consist of:

  • Clerk of Circuit Court - responsible for all circuit court records civil and criminal, along with all deeds, wills, plats and other records.
  • Commonwealth's Attorney - responsible to represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in Mecklenburg County Court in all cases, chief prosecuting officer for their jurisdiction.
  • Commissioner of Revenue - chief assessor of all real estate and personal property within the county and recommends a tax rate to the Board of Supervisors and maintains accurate real estate records for the Land Book.
  • Treasurer - manages all finances within the county,helps prepare the budget for submission to the Board, and is responsible for the collection of all taxes.
  • Sheriff - Chief law enforcement officer for their jurisdiction.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 679 square miles (1,760 km2), of which 625 square miles (1,620 km2) is land and 54 square miles (140 km2) (7.9%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

  • I-85
  • US 1
  • US 15
  • US 58
  • SR 4 (U.S. Bicycle Route 1)
  • SR 47
  • SR 49
  • SR 92
  • SR 138


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 14,733
1800 17,008 15.4%
1810 18,453 8.5%
1820 19,786 7.2%
1830 20,477 3.5%
1840 20,724 1.2%
1850 20,630 −0.5%
1860 20,096 −2.6%
1870 21,318 6.1%
1880 24,610 15.4%
1890 25,359 3.0%
1900 26,551 4.7%
1910 28,956 9.1%
1920 31,208 7.8%
1930 32,622 4.5%
1940 31,933 −2.1%
1950 33,497 4.9%
1960 31,428 −6.2%
1970 29,426 −6.4%
1980 29,444 0.1%
1990 29,241 −0.7%
2000 32,280 10.4%
2010 32,727 1.4%
2020 (est.) 30,679 −6.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the census of 2010, there were 32,727 people, 12,951 households, and 8,962 families residing in the county. The population density was 52 people per square mile (20/km2). There were 17,403 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile (11/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 59.24% White, 39.08% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 1.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,951 households, out of which 26.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 14.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.80% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.60% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,380, and the median income for a family was $37,752. Males had a median income of $26,852 versus $19,609 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,171. About 11.60% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.60% of those under age 18 and 17.30% of those age 65 or over.



Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities


The county's education department is the Mecklenburg County Public Schools. It is managed by the Board of Education. Paul Nichols is the County Schools Superintendent.

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