Monument, Colorado facts for kids

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Monument, Colorado
Statutory Town
Monument Town Hall and Police Department
Monument Town Hall and Police Department
Motto: "Proud Of Our Past Confident Of Our Future "
Location in El Paso County and the state of Colorado
Location in El Paso County and the state of Colorado
Country  United States
State  Colorado
County El Paso
Incorporated (town) June 2, 1879
Area
 • Total 4.63 sq mi (12 km2)
 • Land 4.63 sq mi (12 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 6,975 ft (2,126 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,530
 • Density 1,194.4/sq mi (461/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 80132
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-51800
GNIS feature ID 0204795
Website Town of Monument

The Town of Monument is a statutory town situated at the base of the Rampart Range in El Paso County, Colorado, United States. Monument is bordered by Pike National Forest on the west, Colorado Springs and the United States Air Force Academy to the south, foothills and rock outcroppings to the north, and rolling plains to the east. Monument was first settled as a stop along the Rio Grande Railroad in 1872, and the area was incorporated as a town called Henry's Station in 1879, but the name was later changed to Monument. The town population was 5,530 at the 2010 United States Census, an increase of 181% from the population of 1,971 in 2000.

History

Monument Rock
Monument Rock, the formation from which the town derives its name

Monument's first homesteaders arrived in 1865 to mark out the town's preliminary shape, but settlement increased when Monument became a stop along the Rio Grande Railroad in 1872. The area was incorporated as a town called Henry's Station, after prominent settler Henry Limbach, on June 2, 1879, and the first town meeting was held July 3, 1879. However, three years later the name was changed to Monument after Monument Creek and Monument Rock in the west. The first records of the town can be found in various volumes in the El Paso County Courthouse dating back to 1872. With the help of the railroad, which brought in necessities, people started small businesses and started to create a town.

Geography

Monument is located at 39°04′52″N 104°51′45″W / 39.081024°N 104.862491°W / 39.081024; -104.862491. It is north of Colorado Springs and the United States Air Force Academy, and east of the Rampart Range, which is the eastern front range of the Rocky Mountains. Monument Creek, a gentle mountain stream beginning in the Rampart Range, eventually tumbles down through Palmer Lake and the west side of Monument to become one of the main waterways flowing south through Colorado Springs.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Monument has a total area of 4.6 square miles (12 km2), all of it land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 125
1890 177 41.6%
1900 156 −11.9%
1910 149 −4.5%
1920 192 28.9%
1930 192 0.0%
1940 175 −8.9%
1950 126 −28.0%
1960 204 61.9%
1970 393 92.6%
1980 690 75.6%
1990 1,020 47.8%
2000 1,971 93.2%
2010 5,530 180.6%
Est. 2015 6,420 16.1%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,971 people, 725 households, and 550 families residing in the town. The population density was 426.1 people per square mile (164.4/km²). There were 770 housing units at an average density of 166.4 per square mile (64.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.98% White, 0.91% African American, 1.42% Native American, 0.96% Asian, 2.03% from other races, and 2.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.71% of the population.

There were 725 households out of which 45.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.1% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the town, the population was spread out with 32.9% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 38.3% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,000, and the median income for a family was $54,211. Males had a median income of $41,071 versus $27,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,878. About 5.4% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

Organizations

The residents of Monument support many different organizations. It is home to various types of churches, such as Presbyterian, Catholic, Lutheran, Mennonite, Methodist, and nondenominational. Monument has several organizations that are unique to the community, and also several nationwide organizations. The local organizations in Monument and their mission statements include:

Tri-Lakes Cares: a community-based non-profit agency serving the Tri-Lakes area in Northern El Paso County, that improves people's lives by providing emergency assistance, self-sufficiency programs and other social services.

Pikes Peak Library District: to inform, empower, inspire, and entertain through service and resources that respect individuals and ideas, foster discovery, and build community.

The Griffith Center for Children: to provide troubled children the environment and opportunities to become healthy, participating and productive members of society.

Also in Monument are the nationwide organizations:

Pikes Peak YMCA: To put Christian principles into practice through programs that build healthy spirit, mind, and body for all.

Monument Hill SERTOMA (SERvice TO MAn): To provide sponsorship of programs to aid the hearing impaired, and many other areas of need within the Tri-Lakes area, Colorado Springs and El Paso County.

Boy Scout Troop 514 is in possession of a special American flag better known as the Challenger flag. This flag was on board of the ill-fated last mission of the Space Shuttle Challenger and was recovered undamaged.

Transportation

Monument is accessed from Interstate 25 at exit 161 and exit 158. State Highway 105 also runs through Monument.

Climate

Climate data for Monument, Colorado. (data from 1988-2003)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21.1)
66
(18.9)
73
(22.8)
86
(30)
93
(33.9)
93
(33.9)
98
(36.7)
96
(35.6)
89
(31.7)
79
(26.1)
72
(22.2)
65
(18.3)
98
(36.7)
Average high °F (°C) 40.2
(4.56)
42.0
(5.56)
48.5
(9.17)
56.3
(13.5)
67.3
(19.61)
77.0
(25)
81.5
(27.5)
78.7
(25.94)
70.7
(21.5)
59.7
(15.39)
46.8
(8.22)
39.4
(4.11)
59.0
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 16.8
(-8.44)
18.0
(-7.78)
22.9
(-5.06)
29.6
(-1.33)
38.6
(3.67)
46.1
(7.83)
52.4
(11.33)
51.4
(10.78)
43.8
(6.56)
32.8
(0.44)
22.4
(-5.33)
15.9
(-8.94)
32.6
(0.33)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(-26.7)
-26
(-32.2)
-9
(-22.8)
0
(-17.8)
21
(-6.1)
30
(-1.1)
38
(3.3)
35
(1.7)
20
(-6.7)
-4
(-20)
-9
(-22.8)
-27
(-32.8)
−27
(-32.8)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.83
(21.1)
0.56
(14.2)
2.30
(58.4)
3.09
(78.5)
2.52
(64)
2.51
(63.8)
2.79
(70.9)
3.03
(77)
1.62
(41.1)
1.34
(34)
1.41
(35.8)
0.81
(20.6)
22.81
(579.4)
Snowfall inches (cm) 13.5
(34.3)
10.0
(25.4)
22.3
(56.6)
22.4
(56.9)
3.1
(7.9)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.4
(3.6)
9.1
(23.1)
15.9
(40.4)
12.8
(32.5)
110.6
(280.9)
Source: The Western Regional Climate Center

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