New Castle, Indiana facts for kids

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City of New Castle
City
New Castle from the air, looking east.
New Castle from the air, looking east.
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Country United States
State Indiana
County Henry
Settled 1822
Area
 • Total 7.32 sq mi (18.96 km2)
 • Land 7.30 sq mi (18.91 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)  0.27%
Elevation 1,070 ft (326 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,114
 • Estimate (2012) 17,805
 • Density 2,481.4/sq mi (958.1/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47362
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-52740
GNIS feature ID 0440031
Website www.cityofnewcastle.net/

New Castle is a city in Henry County, Indiana, 44 miles (71 km) east-northeast of Indianapolis, on the Big Blue River. In 1900, 3,406 people lived in the town; in 1910, 9,446; in 1920, 14,458; and in 1940, 16,620. The population was 18,114 at the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Henry County. New Castle is home to New Castle Fieldhouse, the largest high school gymnasium in the world. The city is surrounded by agricultural land. In the past, it was a manufacturing center for the production of sheet iron and steel, automobiles, caskets, clothing, scales, bridges, pianos, furniture, handles, shovels, lathes, bricks, and flour.

New Castle Correctional Facility, with a capacity of over 3,500 inmates, is located just north of the city.

History

New Castle was platted in 1823, and named after New Castle, Kentucky. A post office was established at New Castle in 1823. The Maxwell Automobile Factory, later owned and operated by Chrysler Motor Corp. was, at the time of construction in the first part of the 20th century, the largest automotive manufacturing plant in the world.

The Chrysler Enclosure, Gen. William Grose House, Henry County Courthouse, and New Castle Commercial Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

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According to the 2010 census, New Castle has a total area of 7.311 square miles (18.94 km2), of which 7.29 square miles (18.88 km2) (or 99.71%) is land and 0.021 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.29%) is water.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 666
1860 417 −37.4%
1870 1,556 273.1%
1880 2,299 47.8%
1890 2,697 17.3%
1900 3,406 26.3%
1910 9,446 177.3%
1920 14,458 53.1%
1930 14,027 −3.0%
1940 16,620 18.5%
1950 18,271 9.9%
1960 20,349 11.4%
1970 21,215 4.3%
1980 20,056 −5.5%
1990 17,753 −11.5%
2000 17,780 0.2%
2010 18,114 1.9%
Est. 2015 17,621 −2.7%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 18,114 people, 7,769 households, and 4,660 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,481.4 inhabitants per square mile (958.1/km2). There were 9,002 housing units at an average density of 1,233.2 per square mile (476.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.1% White, 1.9% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.

There were 7,769 households of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 39.5 years. 23.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.4% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 17,780 people, 7,462 households, and 4,805 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,987.5 people per square mile (1,153.8/km²). There were 8,042 housing units at an average density of 1,351.3 per square mile (521.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.37% White, 1.85% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population.

There were 7,462 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.6% were non-families. Some 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,688, and the median income for a family was $37,463. Males had a median income of $32,624 versus $20,554 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,587. About 10.6% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Other attractions

Indiana Basketball HOF CIMG0344
Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame building.
  • Nine of the eleven largest high school gyms in the United States are in Indiana. The largest of these is the New Castle Fieldhouse at New Castle High School. The fieldhouse has a capacity of 9,325.The fieldhouse is notable for a 1961 State Sectional Game between New Castle and Lewisville (now part of South Henry School Corporation) in which the fans attending the game were snowed in.The next morning food was delivered to the Fieldhouse by a local bakery and a church service was piped into the gym. The gym has also played host to the 2006 Indiana Class 3A Basketball Champs and the 2007 Class 4A Volleyball Champions
  • New Castle is home to the Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame located near New Castle Chrysler High School.
  • Next to New Castle High School is a Native American mound dated to approximately 2000 BP. This mound contains depressions which align to sunrise/sunset during the equinoxes as well as aligning with depressions in similar mounds tens of miles away.

Climate

Climate is designated as Humid continental, and this region typically has large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Dfa". (Hot Summer Continental Climate).

Climate data for New Castle, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38
(3.3)
41
(5)
47
(8.3)
62
(16.7)
73
(22.8)
82
(27.8)
87
(30.6)
85
(29.4)
79
(26.1)
68
(20)
50
(10)
38
(3.3)
62.5
(16.94)
Average low °F (°C) 20
(-6.7)
23
(-5)
27
(-2.8)
39
(3.9)
49
(9.4)
59
(15)
62
(16.7)
59
(15)
50
(10)
40
(4.4)
28
(-2.2)
20
(-6.7)
39.7
(4.26)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.3
(84)
2.8
(71)
3.0
(76)
4.3
(109)
4.3
(109)
4.9
(124)
3.6
(91)
2.9
(74)
2.6
(66)
2.3
(58)
2.9
(74)
2.5
(64)
39.4
(1,001)
Avg. precipitation days 6.6 5.9 6.1 6.9 6.9 7.7 6.3 5.5 4.4 4.0 4.9 5.5 70.7
Source: Weatherbase

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