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Henry County, Indiana facts for kids

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Henry County
Henry County Courthouse
Henry County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Henry County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 610: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
Country  United States
State  Indiana
Founded 1822
Named for Patrick Henry
Seat New Castle
Largest city New Castle
Area
 • Total 394.83 sq mi (1,022.6 km2)
 • Land 391.88 sq mi (1,015.0 km2)
 • Water 2.96 sq mi (7.7 km2)  0.75%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
48,271
 • Density 126/sq mi (48.6/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 6th
Indiana county number 33

Henry County is a county located in east central Indiana, United States. As of 2010, the population was 49,462. The county seat and largest and only city is New Castle. Henry County is the main setting of the novel Raintree County by Ross Lockridge, Jr.

History

Henry County was formed in 1822. It was named for Patriot Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 394.83 square miles (1,022.6 km2), of which 391.88 square miles (1,015.0 km2) (or 99.25%) is land and 2.96 square miles (7.7 km2) (or 0.75%) is water.

New-castle-indiana-from-above
New Castle from the air, looking east.

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated areas

Townships

  • Blue River
  • Dudley
  • Fall Creek
  • Franklin
  • Greensboro
  • Harrison
  • Henry
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • Prairie
  • Spiceland
  • Stoney Creek
  • Wayne

Reservoirs

  • Castle Lake
  • Giboney Lake
  • Haven, Lake
  • Summit Lake Reservoir
  • Westwood Park Reservoir

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Sources: National Atlas, U.S. Census Bureau

Climate and weather

Weather chart for New Castle, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
33
16
 
 
2.3
 
38
19
 
 
3
 
49
28
 
 
3.9
 
60
37
 
 
4.7
 
71
48
 
 
4.6
 
80
57
 
 
4.7
 
84
61
 
 
3.6
 
82
59
 
 
2.9
 
76
52
 
 
2.9
 
64
41
 
 
3.7
 
50
32
 
 
2.8
 
38
22
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in New Castle have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.24 inches (57 mm) in January to 4.70 inches (119 mm) in May.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 6,497
1840 15,128 132.8%
1850 17,605 16.4%
1860 20,119 14.3%
1870 22,986 14.3%
1880 24,016 4.5%
1890 23,879 −0.6%
1900 25,088 5.1%
1910 29,758 18.6%
1920 34,682 16.5%
1930 35,238 1.6%
1940 40,208 14.1%
1950 45,505 13.2%
1960 48,899 7.5%
1970 52,603 7.6%
1980 53,336 1.4%
1990 48,139 −9.7%
2000 48,508 0.8%
2010 49,462 2.0%
2018 (est.) 48,271 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,462 people, 19,077 households, and 13,020 families residing in the county. The population density was 126.2 inhabitants per square mile (48.7/km2). There were 21,288 housing units at an average density of 54.3 per square mile (21.0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 2.2% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 19.9% were German, 13.3% were American, 11.8% were Irish, and 9.1% were English.

Of the 19,077 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 41.4 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,701. Males had a median income of $42,628 versus $30,226 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,879. About 10.2% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

Recreation

  • Summit Lake State Park

Notable people

  • Omar Bundy, Major General, World War One
  • William Grose, Major General, Civil War
  • Robert Indiana, artist
  • Arthur C. Mellette, first Governor of South Dakota
  • Wilbur Wright, aviation pioneer
  • Steve Alford, NCAA basketball coach and former player
  • Kent Benson, Former NCAA and NBA basketball player
  • Ira Hough, Medal of Honor recipient, 1864
  • Clessie Cummins, inventor
  • Edward Black (soldier), Civil War
  • Solomon Meredith, Major General, Civil War
  • Thomas J. Graves, Medal of Honor recipient
  • William Zion, Medal of Honor recipient
  • Edward E. Moore, Indiana state senator and Los Angeles City Council member
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