Madison County, Indiana facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Madison County, Indiana
Map
Map of Indiana highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the USA highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1823
Seat Anderson
Largest City Anderson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

452.90 sq mi (1,173 km²)
451.92 sq mi (1,170 km²)
0.99 sq mi (3 km²), 0.22%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

131,636
291/sq mi (112.41/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.madisoncty.com
Named for: James Madison
Indiana county number 48

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2015, the population was 129,723. The county seat is Anderson.

Madison County is included in the Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Madison County was formed in 1823. It was named for James Madison, co-author of The Federalist Papers and the fourth President of the United States (1809 to 1817).

Geography

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 452.90 square miles (1,173.0 km2), of which 451.92 square miles (1,170.5 km2) (or 99.78%) is land and 0.99 square miles (2.6 km2) (or 0.22%) is water.

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Anderson-indiana-from-above
Anderson from the air, looking west.

Unincorporated towns

Townships

  • Adams
  • Anderson
  • Boone
  • Duck Creek
  • Fall Creek
  • Green
  • Jackson
  • Lafayette
  • Monroe
  • Pipe Creek
  • Richland
  • Stony Creek
  • Union
  • Van Buren

Major highways

  • I-69.svg Interstate 69
  • US 36.svg U.S. Route 36
  • Indiana 9.svg State Road 9
  • Indiana 13.svg State Road 13
  • Indiana 28.svg State Road 28
  • Indiana 32.svg State Road 32
  • Indiana 37.svg State Road 37
  • Indiana 38.svg State Road 38
  • Indiana 67.svg State Road 67
  • Indiana 109.svg State Road 109
  • Indiana 128.svg State Road 128
  • Indiana 132.svg State Road 132
  • Indiana 232.svg State Road 232
  • Indiana 236.svg State Road 236

Railroads

  • Central Indiana and Western Railroad
  • CSX Transportation
  • Indian Creek Railroad
  • Norfolk Southern Railway

Climate and weather

Weather chart for Anderson, Indiana
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.1
 
33
18
 
 
2.3
 
38
23
 
 
3.2
 
49
32
 
 
3.8
 
61
41
 
 
4.1
 
72
51
 
 
4.2
 
80
60
 
 
4.3
 
84
64
 
 
3.4
 
82
62
 
 
3
 
75
55
 
 
2.8
 
64
44
 
 
3.7
 
50
35
 
 
3
 
37
24
temperatures in °F
precipitation totals in inches
source: The Weather Channel

In recent years, average temperatures in Anderson have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.09 inches (53 mm) in January to 4.28 inches (109 mm) in July.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 2,238
1840 8,874 296.5%
1850 12,375 39.5%
1860 16,518 33.5%
1870 22,770 37.8%
1880 27,527 20.9%
1890 36,487 32.5%
1900 70,470 93.1%
1910 65,224 −7.4%
1920 69,151 6.0%
1930 82,888 19.9%
1940 88,575 6.9%
1950 103,911 17.3%
1960 125,819 21.1%
1970 138,451 10.0%
1980 139,336 0.6%
1990 130,669 −6.2%
2000 133,358 2.1%
2010 131,636 −1.3%
Est. 2015 129,723 −1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 131,636 people, 51,927 households, and 34,319 families residing in the county. The population density was 291.3 inhabitants per square mile (112.5/km2). There were 59,068 housing units at an average density of 130.7 per square mile (50.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.7% white, 8.3% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.2% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 21.5% were German, 12.5% were American, 11.5% were Irish, and 10.4% were English.

Of the 51,927 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families, and 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 39.2 years.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $53,906. Males had a median income of $41,834 versus $31,743 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,722. About 11.2% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.


Madison County, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.