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Elwood, Indiana
City of Elwood
Elwood Downtown Historic District at night
Elwood Downtown Historic District at night
Location of Elwood in Madison County and Tipton County, Indiana.
Location of Elwood in Madison County and Tipton County, Indiana.
Country United States
State Indiana
Counties Madison, Tipton
 • Total 3.97 sq mi (10.28 km2)
 • Land 3.97 sq mi (10.28 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
860 ft (262 m)
 • Total 8,410
 • Density 2,119.46/sq mi (818.35/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-21070
GNIS feature ID 434144

Elwood is a city in Madison and Tipton counties in the U.S. state of Indiana. The Madison County portion, which includes most of the city, is part of the Anderson, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion in Tipton County is part of the Kokomo, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 8,614 at the 2010 census.


Elwood was laid out in 1853 under the name Duck Creek. It was incorporated as a city in 1891.

A post office was established under the name Duck Creek in 1855, was renamed to Elwood in 1869, and has been operating since.

The annual Glass Festival, held every third weekend of August, is one way in which the city tries to promote the area's history with natural gas and glass. In the years surrounding the turn of the century, Elwood, along with the nearby towns of Anderson and Gas City, was a common destination for Welsh immigrant families.

The Elwood Downtown Historic District was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.


Elwood is located at 40°16′27″N 85°50′17″W / 40.27417°N 85.83806°W / 40.27417; -85.83806 (40.274109, -85.838047).

According to the 2010 census, Elwood has a total area of 3.77 square miles (9.76 km2), all land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 310
1880 751 142.3%
1890 2,284 204.1%
1900 12,950 467.0%
1910 11,028 −14.8%
1920 10,790 −2.2%
1930 10,685 −1.0%
1940 10,913 2.1%
1950 11,362 4.1%
1960 11,793 3.8%
1970 11,196 −5.1%
1980 10,867 −2.9%
1990 9,494 −12.6%
2000 9,737 2.6%
2010 8,614 −11.5%
2020 8,410 −2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 8,614 people, 3,455 households, and 2,265 families living in the city. The population density was 2,284.9 inhabitants per square mile (882.2/km2). There were 4,099 housing units at an average density of 1,087.3 per square mile (419.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.7% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.0% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.3% of the population.

There were 3,455 households, of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.8% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.4% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.02.

The median age in the city was 38.6 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.1% were from 45 to 64; and 14.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.


Red Gold, one of the nation's largest tomato processors, has a plant in Elwood, as well as tool and die shops and other small manufacturers.

Notable people

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