Anderson, Indiana facts for kids

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Anderson, Indiana
City
City of Anderson
Downtown Anderson
Downtown Anderson
Motto: Performance. Talent. Inspiration.
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Country United States
State Indiana
County Madison
Townships

Anderson (Primarily)

Adams, Fall Creek, Lafayette, Richland, Union (Small Sections)
Area
 • Total 41.48 sq mi (107.43 km2)
 • Land 41.37 sq mi (107.15 km2)
 • Water 0.11 sq mi (0.28 km2)
Elevation 879 ft (268 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 56,129
 • Estimate (2014) 55,554
 • Density 1,356.8/sq mi (523.9/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
ZIP codes 46011-46018
Area code 765
FIPS code 18-01468
GNIS ID 430152
Website www.cityofanderson.com

Anderson is a city in and the county seat of Madison County, Indiana, United States. It is the principal city of the Anderson, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses Madison County. Anderson is the headquarters of the Church of God (Anderson) and home of Anderson University, which is affiliated with that denomination. Highlights of the city include the historic Paramount Theatre and the Gruenewald Historic House.

The population was 56,129 at the 2010 census. This is down from 70,000 in 1970.

History

Prior to the organization of Madison County, William Conner entered the land upon which Anderson is located. Conner later sold the ground to John and Sarah Berry, who donated 32 acres (129,000 m²) of their land to Madison County on the condition that the county seat be moved from Pendleton to Anderson. John Berry laid out the first plat of Anderson on November 7, 1827. In 1828 the seat of justice was moved from Pendleton to Anderson.

The city is named for Chief William "Adam" Anderson, whose mother was a Delaware Indian and whose father was of Swedish descent. Chief Anderson's Indian name was Kikthawenund meaning "creaking boughs". The Delaware village was known as Anderson's Town, though the Moravian Missionaries called it "The Heathen Town Four Miles Away." Anderson was also known as Andersonton before being formally organized as Anderson.

Introduction of internal improvements by the Mammoth Internal Improvement Act caused a growth in the population in 1837. In December, 1838, Anderson was incorporated as a town with 350 inhabitants. The Central Canal, a branch of the Wabash and Erie Canal, was planned to come through Anderson. Work continued on the canal during 1838 and the beginning of 1839, but work on the canal was soon suspended by the state following the Panic of 1837. The town again became a sleepy village until 1849 when it was incorporated a second time as a town. Many new commercial ventures located around the Courthouse Square.

This incorporation was short-lived and Anderson once again went back to village status in 1852. However, with the completion of the Indianapolis Bellefontaine Railroad, as well as their station in 1852, Anderson burst to life. The third incorporation of Anderson as a town occurred on June 9, 1853. The population continued to increase. On August 28, 1865, with a population was nearly 1,300 people, Anderson was incorporated as a city.

CharlesLHenry
Charles L. Henry, 1896

Between 1853 and the late 19th century, twenty industries of various sizes located there. On March 31, 1887, natural gas was discovered in Anderson. As the Indiana Gas Boom began, this discovery led new businesses that could use natural gas, such as glass-making, to move to the city. Anderson grew to such proportions that a Cincinnati newspaper editor labeled the city "The Pittsburgh on White River." Other appellations were "Queen City of the Gas Belt" and (because of the vulcanizing and the rubber tire manufacturing business) "Puncture Proof City."

In 1897 the Interurban Railroad was born in Anderson. Charles Henry, a large stock holder, coined the term "Interurban" in 1893. It continued to operate until 1941. The year 1912 spelled disaster for Anderson: the natural gas ran out, due to the residents squandering their resources. The city left its gas powered lights on day and night, and there are stories of a pocket of natural gas being lit in the river and burning for a prolonged period for the spectacle of it. The result of the loss of natural gas was that several factories moved out. The whole city slowed down. The Commercial Club (formed on November 18, 1905) was the forerunner of the present chamber of commerce.

This club persuaded the Remy brothers to stay in Anderson and others to locate there. For decades, Delco Remy and Guide Lamp, during World War II built the M3, M3a1 submachine gun and the liberator pistol for the allies, (later Fisher Guide) were the top two employers in the city. From 1913 through the 1950s, the Ward-Stilson Company was one of the country's largest producers of uniforms, regalia, furniture and props for the Freemasons, the Odd Fellows and dozens of other U.S. fraternal organizations.

The Church of God of Anderson located its world headquarters in Anderson in 1905. Anderson Bible School was opened in 1917, and this was separated from Gospel Trumpet (now known as Warner Press) in 1925. At the same time, it became known as Anderson Bible School and Seminary. In 1925, the name was changed to Anderson College and then to Anderson University in 1988.

Over the years, 17 different types of automobiles were manufactured in Anderson with the Lambert family among the city's leaders in its development and Buckeye Gasoline Buggy the Lambert product. Many other inventions were perfected in Anderson including: the gas regulator (Miron G. Reynolds), the stamp vending machine (Frank P. Dunn), clothes presser (H. Donald Forse), "Irish Mail" handcars (Hugh Hill), flower car for funeral homes (Francis M. McClain, automatic gearshift (Von D. Polhemus)), Sisson choke (Glenn Sisson), and the vulcanizing process to retread tires (Charles E. Miller).

Geography

Anderson is located at . The city of Anderson is located in parts of six townships: Anderson, Union, Richland, Lafayette, Adams, and Fall Creek.

According to the 2010 census, Anderson has a total area of 41.479 square miles (107.43 km2), of which 41.37 square miles (107.15 km2) (or 99.74%) is land and 0.109 square miles (0.28 km2) (or 0.26%) is water.

Climate

Climate data for Anderson, Indiana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 69
(20.6)
72
(22.2)
85
(29.4)
90
(32.2)
96
(35.6)
104
(40)
105
(40.6)
102
(38.9)
103
(39.4)
92
(33.3)
81
(27.2)
75
(23.9)
105
(40.6)
Average high °F (°C) 32.3
(0.17)
36.5
(2.5)
48.1
(8.94)
60.7
(15.94)
71.6
(22)
80.6
(27)
83.7
(28.72)
81.6
(27.56)
75.7
(24.28)
63.9
(17.72)
50.4
(10.22)
37.1
(2.83)
60.2
(15.67)
Average low °F (°C) 17.4
(-8.11)
20.9
(-6.17)
31.5
(-0.28)
40.3
(4.61)
50
(10)
59.3
(15.17)
63.2
(17.33)
61.1
(16.17)
54.3
(12.39)
43.1
(6.17)
34.4
(1.33)
23.5
(-4.72)
41.6
(5.33)
Rainfall inches (cm) 2
(5)
2.2
(6)
3.5
(9)
4
(10)
3.8
(10)
3.5
(9)
4.1
(10)
3.4
(9)
3.1
(8)
2.6
(7)
3.3
(8)
3.1
(8)
38.5
(98)
Snowfall inches (cm) 6
(15)
5.7
(14.5)
2.3
(5.8)
0.3
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.8
(2)
4.8
(12.2)
19.2
(48.8)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,727
1860 6,527 14.0%
1870 9,186 40.7%
1880 11,425 24.4%
1890 10,019 −12.3%
1900 20,178 101.4%
1910 22,476 11.4%
1920 29,767 32.4%
1930 39,804 33.7%
1940 41,572 4.4%
1950 46,820 12.6%
1960 49,061 4.8%
1970 70,787 44.3%
1980 64,695 −8.6%
1990 59,459 −8.1%
2000 59,734 0.5%
2010 56,129 −6.0%
Est. 2015 55,305 −1.5%
Source: US Census Bureau

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were people, households, and families residing in the city. The population density was 1,356.8 inhabitants per square mile (523.9/km2). There were housing units at an average density of 675.7 per square mile (260.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 15.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 2.6% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.

Of the extant households 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.8% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.6% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 37.8 years. 22.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.8% were from 25 to 44; 24.9% were from 45 to 64; and 16.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were people, households, and families residing in the city. The population density was 1,491.6 people per square mile (575.9/km²). There were housing units at an average density of 690.3 per square mile (266.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.99% White, 14.88% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.86% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.

There were 25,274 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.0% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 23.2% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there

Points of interest

Anderson, Indiana - Paramount Theater
The Paramount Theatre.
  • Downtown Historic District
  • Paramount Theatre
  • Mounds State Park
  • Anderson Speedway
  • Hoosier Park Racing and Casino
  • Shadyside Memorial Park and Lake
  • The Anderson Center for the Arts
  • Madison County Historical Center
  • In addition to Downtown Historic District, Paramount Theatre, Mounds State Park, and The Anderson Center for the Arts, the Anderson Bank Building, Central Avenue School, Gruenewald House, Tower Hotel, West Central Historic District, and West Eighth Street Historic District are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

In fiction

In the comic strip Peanuts, a book in the fictional series beloved by Snoopy, "The Six Bunny Wunnies", is called The Six Bunnie-Wunnies and Their Layover in Anderson, Indiana. (Charles Schulz had been recently awarded an honorary degree by Anderson College.)

Anderson is the home of several characters in the alternate history novel The Man with the Iron Heart by Harry Turtledove.


Anderson, Indiana Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.