kids encyclopedia robot

Normanby River facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Normanby
Normanby-river.JPG
Other name(s) East Normanby, West Normanby, East Normanby North Branch, East Normanby South Branch, Granite Normanby
Country Australia
State Queensland
Region Far North Queensland, Cape York Peninsula, Wet Tropics of Queensland
Physical characteristics
Main source Great Dividing Range
west of Wajul Wajul
River mouth Princess Charlotte Bay
Lakefield National Park
0 m (0 ft)
Length 350 km (220 mi)
Discharge
  • Average rate:
    390 m3/s (14,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Basin size 24,408 km2 (9,424 sq mi)
Tributaries
  • Left:
    Banana Creek (Queensland), Beardmore Creek, Cabbage Tree (Welcome) Creek, Laura River, Kennedy River
  • Right:
    Nigger Creek (Queensland), Surrender Creek, Trapp Creek, Bridge Creek (Queensland), Jack River (Queensland), House Creek (Queensland)
National park Lakefield National Park

The Normanby River, comprising the East Normanby River, the West Normanby River, the East Normanby River North Branch, the East Normanby River South Branch and the Granite Normanby River, is a river system located in Far North Queensland, Australia.

Location and features

With its headwaters in the Great Dividing Range west of Wujul Wujul in the Wet Tropics of Queensland, the Normanby River is formed by the confluence of the East and West Branches of the river at an elevation of 125 metres (410 ft) AHD . The river flows generally north-northwestw through seasonally flooded savanna grassland to reach its mouth in Princess Charlotte Bay about 150 kilometres (93 mi) northwest of Cooktown. The river is joined by 18 tributaries including the Laura River. The river flows through the Lakefield National Park, which covers as much as a fifth of the river's basin and is completely impassable during the wet season between November and May. The Lakefield National Park consists of large wetlands which possess a high diversity of fish species. Near its mouth, the Normanby River flows very slowly and forms a large delta, which is almost inaccessible even during the dry season as there are no roads – even unsealed ones. This land, though, is still dry enough during the dry season that tropical rainforests cannot grow.

The combined river system descends from a peak elevation of 622 metres (2,041 ft) AHD  to sea level, with a combined course from source to mouth of over 490 kilometres (300 mi).

While one source considers the Normanby River system as the third largest river in Australia, the Australian Government agency, Geoscience Australia, does not assess the Normanby River system within the ten longest rivers in Australia nor within the three longest continuous river systems in the country. The river may be the largest river flowing into the Coral Sea. The Normanby River system has less than half the flow of the Murray and Mitchell Rivers - though data regarding its flow are sparse with less than a third of the 24,408-square-kilometre (9,424 sq mi) catchment area gauged. Together with the Laura River, the Normanby River system is the fourth largest river system in the Great Barrier Reef catchment, with the third largest mean annual discharge into the Reef. Consequently almost all scientific research into the flow and hydrology of the Normanby basin has been done with the health of the reef rather than the river per se in mind. The fact that the Normanby is completely free of dams means that Australian Government studies have used it as a model for the behaviour of rivers further south when they were in something closer to a virgin state.

The Normanby basin is almost entirely used for the grazing of beef cattle on large stations - mostly worked by Aborigines. The density of cattle is very low, as are rents. The soils, being mostly ancient lateritic Orthents, are totally unsuitable for the growing sugar cane, which is the principal crop in tropical Australia.

Etymology

The river was named by William Hann in September 1872 in honour of George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby, who served as the third Governor of Queensland between 1871 and 1874.

Indigenous language

Guugu Yimithirr (also known as Koko Yindjir, Gugu Yimidhirr, Guguyimidjir) is an Australian Aboriginal language of Hope Vale and the Cooktown area. The language region includes the local government area of the Aboriginal Shire of Hope Vale and the Shire of Cook, particularly the localities of Cape Bedford, Battle Camp and sections of the Normanby River and Annan River.

kids search engine
Normanby River Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.