Northumberland, Pennsylvania facts for kids

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Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Borough
View of Northumberland
View of Northumberland
Nickname(s): "Norry"
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Northumberland
Settled 1772
Incorporated 1828
Area
 • Total 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,714
 • Density 2,368.2/sq mi (913.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 17857
Area code(s) 570
Website Northumberland borough

Northumberland is a borough in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 3,804 at the 2010 census.

History

Priestley House Front 2
The Joseph Priestley House a National Historic Landmark in Northumberland

Northumberland was founded in 1772. The land that became Northumberland was purchased from the Iroquois in the first Treaty of Fort Stanwix in 1768, and the village was laid out in 1772. During the American Revolution, Northumberland was evacuated during the Big Runaway in 1778, and only finally resettled in 1784.

Northumberland was the American home of eighteenth-century British theologian, Dissenting clergyman, natural philosopher, educator, and political theorist Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) from 1794 until his death in 1804. The Joseph Priestley House still stands on Priestley Avenue and is a National Historic Landmark on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and a museum administered by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. There is one other property in the borough on the NRHP: the Priestley-Forsyth Memorial Library, built by a great grandson of Joseph Priestley. Much of the borough is part of the Northumberland Historic District, which is also on the NRHP.

Geography

View of Northumberland, Pennsylvania 2
View of Northumberland from the Shikellamy State Park overlook

Northumberland is located at Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:mw' not found. (40.893935, -76.795975), about 60 miles northeast of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. It sits at the confluence of the north and west branches of the Susquehanna River.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), all of it land.

Northumberland
The Susquehanna River near Northumberland

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 1,090
1840 923 −15.3%
1850 1,041 12.8%
1860 1,108 6.4%
1870 1,788 61.4%
1880 2,293 28.2%
1890 2,744 19.7%
1900 2,748 0.1%
1910 3,517 28.0%
1920 4,061 15.5%
1930 4,483 10.4%
1940 4,469 −0.3%
1950 4,207 −5.9%
1960 4,156 −1.2%
1970 4,102 −1.3%
1980 3,636 −11.4%
1990 3,860 6.2%
2000 3,714 −3.8%
2010 3,804 2.4%
Est. 2015 3,728 −2.0%
Sources:

As of the census of 2000, there were 3,714 people, 1,657 households, and 1,045 families residing in the borough. The population density was 2,368.2 people per square mile (913.4/km2). There were 1,772 housing units at an average density of 1,129.9 per square mile (435.8/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.38% White, 0.73% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.40% from other races, and 0.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 1,657 households, out of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 6.7% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $31,891, and the median income for a family was $38,807. Males had a median income of $31,162 versus $22,203 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,229. About 4.5% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

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