Palmyra, New Jersey facts for kids

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Palmyra, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Palmyra
Motto: "A Place to Grow"
Palmyra highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Palmyra highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Palmyra, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Palmyra, New Jersey
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Burlington
Incorporated April 19, 1894
Named for Palmyra, Syria
Area
 • Total 2.550 sq mi (6.605 km2)
 • Land 1.864 sq mi (4.828 km2)
 • Water 0.686 sq mi (1.777 km2)  26.90%
Elevation 7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 7,398
 • Estimate (2015) 7,314
 • Rank 309th of 566 in state
23rd of 40 in county
 • Density 3,968.4/sq mi (1,532.2/km2)
 • Density rank 155th of 566 in state
7th of 40 in county
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08065
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 303, 726, 829, 786
FIPS code 3400555800
GNIS feature ID 0885339
Website www.boroughofpalmyra.com

Palmyra is a borough in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 7,398, reflecting an increase of 307 (+4.3%) from the 7,091 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 35 (+0.5%) from the 7,056 counted in the 1990 Census.

Palmyra was originally incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 19, 1894, from portions of Cinnaminson Township and Riverton. On February 20, 1923, Palmyra was reincorporated as a borough.

History

The area that is now Palmyra was settled in the late 17th century by Swedes, marking the northernmost border of New Sweden. A farmhouse built in 1761 by the third generation settlers still remains as the oldest house in Palmyra. Farming was the primary use of land in Palmyra and the surrounding area until after the construction of the Camden and Amboy Railroad in 1834 with a station in the area, after which railroad workers built homes on lots they purchased along the railroad right of way. The community was originally known as Texas, but a local landowner, Isaiah Toy, a descendant of the original Swedish settlers and a stockholder in the Camden and Amboy Railroad, who wanted to have a post office established in the community, convinced the railroad to change the name of the station in 1849 to Palmyra, which came from his love of ancient history. Palmyra was the name of an ancient trading center located in central Syria. The post office was established in 1851. Palmyra, along with Bordentown, Burlington, Moorestown Township, and Mount Holly Township, established its high school in the late 1890s, making it one of the oldest high schools in Burlington County and in New Jersey.

The community was laid out in 1850, when Joseph Souder's land was broken up into building lots to pay his debts, with the street names matching those of Center City, Philadelphia - Market, Arch, Race, and Vine (from south to north), and Front Street and numbered streets from the Delaware River. What is now Palmyra was part of Chester Township (now Maple Shade Township), which was created in 1694 and was one of the original 104 townships in New Jersey incorporated in 1798. Palmyra became a part of Cinnaminson Township when that township was set off from Chester in 1860. Palmyra Township was set off from Cinnaminson in 1894, and Palmyra was incorporated as a borough in 1923.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 2.550 square miles (6.605 km2), including 1.864 square miles (4.828 km2) of land and 0.686 square miles (1.777 km2) of water (26.90%).

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the borough include West Palmyra.

The borough borders Cinnaminson Township and Riverton in Burlington County; Pennsauken Township in Camden County; and Philadelphia across the Delaware River in Pennsylvania.

The city is connected to the Tacony section of Philadelphia via Route 73 by the Tacony-Palmyra Bridge, which is named for the two communities connected by the bridge. The bridge was completed in 1929 at a cost of $4 million.

In 1999, a 250-acre (100 ha) nature park, Palmyra Nature Cove, was opened along the banks of the Delaware which borders Palmyra on the west; in addition to serving as a bird sanctuary, the park offers educational programs for schools and hiking trails for walkers. The park is open from dawn to dusk; no pets or bicycles are allowed.

Palmyra Nature Cove Driftwood October 2008
Driftwood along the banks of the Delaware River in Palmyra Nature Cove in Palmyra, NJ

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 571
1890 1,903 233.3%
1900 2,300 20.9%
1910 2,801 21.8%
1920 3,834 36.9%
1930 4,968 29.6%
1940 5,178 4.2%
1950 5,802 12.1%
1960 7,036 21.3%
1970 6,969 −1.0%
1980 7,085 1.7%
1990 7,056 −0.4%
2000 7,091 0.5%
2010 7,398 4.3%
Est. 2015 7,314 −1.1%
Population sources: 1880-1890
1900-2000 1900-1920
1900-1910 1910-1930
1930-1990 2000 2010

Census 2010

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,398 people, 3,156 households, and 1,938 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,968.4 per square mile (1,532.2/km2). There were 3,392 housing units at an average density of 1,819.5 per square mile (702.5/km2)*. The racial makeup of the borough was 78.75% (5,826) White, 14.54% (1,076) Black or African American, 0.31% (23) Native American, 1.84% (136) Asian, 0.08% (6) Pacific Islander, 1.95% (144) from other races, and 2.53% (187) from two or more races. [[Hispanic (U.S. Census)|Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.37% (397) of the population.

There were 3,156 households out of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.1% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 19.5% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.0 years. For every 100 females there were 95.1 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and old there were 91.2 males.

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $61,990 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,744) and the median family income was $74,265 (+/- $6,025). Males had a median income of $53,295 (+/- $6,313) versus $48,417 (+/- $6,580) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $30,361 (+/- $2,319). About 6.5% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.

Census 2000

As of the 2000 United States Census there were 7,091 people, 3,004 households, and 1,853 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,586.9 people per square mile (1,382.8/km2). There were 3,219 housing units at an average density of 1,628.3 per square mile (627.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 80.99% White, 14.34% African American, 0.30% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.23% of the population.

There were 3,004 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 12.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the borough the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $51,150, and the median income for a family was $57,192. Males had a median income of $42,910 versus $31,445 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,454. About 2.2% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Roads and highways

Tacony-Palmyra Bridge from Palmyra Nature Cove
View of Tacony-Palmyra Bridge between Palmyra, NJ and Philadelphia, PA

As of May 2010, the borough had a total of 27.67 miles (44.53 km) of roadways, of which 23.04 miles (37.08 km) were maintained by the municipality, 3.11 miles (5.01 km) by Burlington County, 0.98 miles (1.58 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.54 miles (0.87 km) by the Burlington County Bridge Commission.

Route 73 traverses the borough, connecting to the Burlington County Bridge Commission-operated Tacony-Palmyra Bridge at the roadway's northern terminus and interchanging with County Route 543, which is called Broad Street within Palmyra.

Public transportation

Broad Street Palmyra NJ from RiverLINE Tracks
East Broad Street, Palmyra, near Northern Edge of Town with RiverLINE tracks in foreground

The Palmyra station on NJ Transit's River Line light rail system is located on East Broad Street. The station opened on March 15, 2004. Southbound service from the station is available to Camden, including a transfer to the PATCO Speedline available at the Walter Rand Transportation Center. Northbound service is available to the Trenton Rail Station with connections to NJ Transit trains to New York City, SEPTA trains to Philadelphia, and Amtrak trains.

NJ Transit provides bus service in the borough on the 419 route that runs between Camden and Burlington.


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