Panola County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Panola County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Panola County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1846
Seat Carthage
Largest City Carthage
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

821 sq mi (2,126 km²)
802 sq mi (2,077 km²)
20 sq mi (52 km²), 2.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

23,796
30/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.panola.tx.us
Panola County, TX, Heritage Museum IMG 2941
The Panola County Heritage Museum in downtown Carthage
Sammy Brown Library, Carthage, TX IMG 2961
The Sammy Brown Library in Carthage serves patrons throughout Panola County.
Panola Watchman newspaper, Carthage, TX IMG 2954
The Panola Watchman newspaper was first published in 1873 in Carthage by Tom M. Bowers (1837-1916), a Confederate veteran who earlier printed the Carthage Banner.

Panola County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 23,796. The county seat is Carthage. Located in East Texas, the name of the county is derived from a Native American word for cotton.

Until 2013, Panola County was one of about 30 entirely dry counties in Texas, which means that the sale of alcohol was restricted or prohibited. In 2013, local options for alcohol sales were added to the November election ballots and passed, permitting the sale of beer and wine in stores and the sale of mixed beverages at restaurants.

History

Panola County was formed in 1846 from sections of Harrison and Shelby Counties. It was named after a Choctaw/Chickasaw word for cotton.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 821 square miles (2,130 km2), of which 802 square miles (2,080 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (2.4%) is covered by water.

Major highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
    • I-369.svg The future route of Interstate 369 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places.
  • US 79.svg U.S. Highway 79
  • Texas 43.svg State Highway 43
  • Texas 149.svg State Highway 149
  • Texas 315.svg State Highway 315
  • Texas FM 10.svg Farm to Market Road 10
  • Texas FM 31.svg Farm to Market Road 31
  • Texas FM 124.svg Farm to Market Road 124
  • Texas FM 1970.svg Farm to Market Road 1970

The TTC-69 component (recommended preferred) of the once-planned Trans-Texas Corridor went through Panola County.

Adjacent counties and parishes

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 3,871
1860 8,475 118.9%
1870 10,119 19.4%
1880 12,219 20.8%
1890 14,328 17.3%
1900 21,404 49.4%
1910 20,424 −4.6%
1920 21,755 6.5%
1930 24,063 10.6%
1940 22,513 −6.4%
1950 19,250 −14.5%
1960 16,870 −12.4%
1970 15,894 −5.8%
1980 20,724 30.4%
1990 22,035 6.3%
2000 22,756 3.3%
2010 23,796 4.6%
Est. 2015 23,766 −0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, 22,756 people, 8,821 households, and 6,395 families resided in the county. The population density was 28 people per square mile (11/km²). The 10,524 housing units averaged 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.78% White, 17.67% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 1.87% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. About 3.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 8,821 households, 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 11.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were not families; 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county, the population was distributed as 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.20% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,909, and for a family was $37,595. Males had a median income of $31,333 versus $19,017 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,439. About 11.60% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Town

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Points of Interest

  • Texas Country Music Hall of Fame and Tex Ritter Museum is located in Carthage.

Panola County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.