Shelby County, Texas facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Shelby County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Shelby County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the USA highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1837
Seat Center
Largest City Center
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

835 sq mi (2,163 km²)
796 sq mi (2,062 km²)
39 sq mi (101 km²), 4.7%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

25,448
32/sq mi (12/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website: www.co.shelby.tx.us
Named for: Isaac Shelby

Shelby County is a county located in the far eastern portion of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 25,448. Its county seat is Center. The county was created in 1835 as a municipality of Mexico and organized as a county in 1837. It is named for Isaac Shelby, a soldier in the American Revolution who became the first governor of Kentucky.

Shelby County was formerly represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Center businessman and conservative Republican Wayne Christian. In 2012, Christian was defeated for renomination by current Representative Chris Paddie.

History

Shelby County was formed in 1837. It was named for Isaac Shelby, a soldier from Tennessee during the American Revolution, and first Governor of Kentucky.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 835 square miles (2,160 km2), of which 796 square miles (2,060 km2) is land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (4.7%) is water.

Adjacent counties and parishes

National protected area

  • Sabine National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 4,239
1860 5,362 26.5%
1870 5,732 6.9%
1880 9,532 66.3%
1890 14,365 50.7%
1900 20,452 42.4%
1910 26,423 29.2%
1920 27,464 3.9%
1930 28,627 4.2%
1940 29,235 2.1%
1950 23,479 −19.7%
1960 20,479 −12.8%
1970 19,672 −3.9%
1980 23,084 17.3%
1990 22,034 −4.5%
2000 25,224 14.5%
2010 25,448 0.9%
Est. 2015 25,402 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census
1850–2010 2010–2014

As of the census of 2000, there were 25,224 people, 9,595 households, and 6,908 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 11,955 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 72.65% White, 19.44% Black or African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.87% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. 9.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,595 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were non-families. 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.60% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,112, and the median income for a family was $34,021. Males had a median income of $26,501 versus $20,280 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,186. About 14.90% of families and 19.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.70% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

  • US 59.svg U.S. Highway 59
    • I-69.svg The future route of Interstate 69 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places west of Tenaha.
    • I-369.svg The future route of Interstate 369 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 59 in most places north of Tenaha.
  • US 84.svg U.S. Highway 84
    • I-69.svg The future route of Interstate 69 is planned to follow the current route of U.S. 84 in most places east of Tenaha to the Louisiana state line.
  • US 96.svg U.S. Highway 96
  • Texas 7.svg State Highway 7
  • Texas 87.svg State Highway 87
  • Texas 147.svg State Highway 147
  • Texas FM 139.svg Farm to Market Road 139
  • Texas FM 1970.svg Farm to Market Road 1970

US 59 goes through Shelby County. It is planned to be upgraded to interstate standards as part of the planned Interstate 69 up to Tenaha, where the planned Interstate 369 will follow US 59 northward to both Interstate 30 and Interstate 49 in Texarkana. US 84 is planned to be upgraded to interstate standards as part of the planned Interstate 69 from Tenaha to the Louisiana state line.

Mass transportation

Greyhound Lines operates the Center Station at the Shelby County's Best Yogurt store in Center.

Communities

Cities

Town

Unincorporated communities

Images for kids


Shelby County, Texas Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.