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Piet Mondrian
Piet Mondrian in 1922
Birth name Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan
Born (1872-03-07)7 March 1872
Amersfoort, Netherlands
Died 1 February 1944(1944-02-01) (aged 71)
New York City
Nationality Dutch
Field Painting
Movement De Stijl
Influenced by Hague School, Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Bart van der Leck, Theo van Doesburg
Tableau I, by Piet Mondriaan
Tableau I (Piet Mondriaan, 1921)

Piet Mondrian (7 March 1872 – 1 February 1944) was a Dutch modern artist of the De stijl group. His early paintings show abstract landscapes in post-impressionist and cubist style.

He painted in an increasingly abstract style, until he finally achieved the style which made him famous. By 1920, he adopts a totally abstract motif, with an irregular checkerboard drawn with black lines, and with the spaces paints mostly white or sometimes in the primary colors of blue, red and yellow. This style is geometric abstraction with primary color.

Mondrian painted about 250 of these geometric abstracts, from 1917 to 1944. Mondrian called his style “neoplasticism”.

Escaping in 1940 from a Europe at war, Mondrian spent the last four years of his life in New York City. His paintings of that time express exuberance at city life. In his final painting, Broadway Boogie Woogie (1942/43), the checkerboard lines, previously black, are now painted blue, gray, red and yellow. The yellow was apparently inspired by New York’s Yellow cabs.

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