Pope Sixtus IV facts

Sixtus IV
Papacy began 9 August 1471
Papacy ended 12 August 1484
Predecessor Pope Paul II
Successor Pope Innocent VIII
Personal details
Birth name Francesco della Rovere
Born 21 July 1414
Celle Ligure
Died 12 August 1484
Rome, Italy
Other Popes named Sixtus

Pope Sixtus IV (Latin: Xystus Quartus; 21 July 1414 - 12 August 1484), originally Francesco della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 213th Pope from 1471 until his death in 1484.

He is known for beginning construction of the Sistine Chapel.

Early life

Della Rovere was born in Celle Ligure, a town near Savona in Liguria. His family was important.

As a young man, he joined the Franciscan Order. He rose in the order to head of the Franciscans in Liguria.

Della Rovere studied philosophy and theology at the University of Pavia; and he lectured at Padua, Bologna, Pavia, Siena, and Florence.

Cardinal

In 1467, Pope Paul II raised della Rovere to the rank of Cardinal.

Pope

He was elected pope on August 9, 1471. He took the name Sixtus because the first day of the conclave which elected him pope was the Feast Day of St. Sixtus.

Pope Sixtus was involved in Italian and European political disputes.

Papal actions

  • 1474 – Christian I of Denmark was received in Rome.
  • 1479University of Copenhagen established
  • 1482 – St Bonaventura was canonized.

Legacy

Sixtus ordered the building of the Ponte Sisto (Sistine Bridge) across the Tiber River.

The Vatican Library was enlarged during the reign of Sixtus; and the number of manuscripts grew ten times larger—from 360 during the reign of Pope Nicholas V to 3650.

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