Raperswilen facts for kids

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Raperswilen
Coat of arms of Raperswilen
Coat of arms
Country Switzerland
Canton Thurgau
District Steckborn
Area
 • Total 7.67 km2 (2.96 sq mi)
Elevation 582 m (1,909 ft)
Population (Dec 2015 )
 • Total 395
 • Density 51.50/km2 (133.38/sq mi)
Postal code 8558
Surrounded by Berlingen, Ermatingen, Homburg, Salenstein, Steckborn, Wäldi, Wigoltingen

Raperswilen is a municipality in Kreuzlingen District in the canton of Thurgau in Switzerland.

History

Prehistorically, two fortifications existed within the borders of Raperswilen. Risi was a Bronze Age fort while Schanz was probably from the Iron Age. The modern village of Raperswilen is first mentioned in 1227 as Raperswilar. Büren and Müllberg hamlets belonged to the court of Klingenberg, while a part of Fischbach, Helsighausen and Raperwilen belonged to the court of Fruthwilen. Four houses in Fischbach belonged to the court of Hattenhausen and another six homes were directly under the Swiss Confederation Vogt in Thurgau. Raperswilen and Helsighausen are first mentioned together in 1616.

In 1529 the chapel in Raperswilen was deconsecrated and around 1560, it was used by the local Protestants for meetings. Starting in 1562 the pastor of Wigoltingen held services in the chapel. From 1661 until 1798, this duty was shared with the pastor of Lipperswil. The new church of Raperswilen was built in 1766 but still belonged to the Wigoltingen parish.

The English noble George Treherne built Müllberg Castle in 1854-66. In 1905 it was converted into a fresh air health spa (German: Luftkuranstalt). However, it burned down in 1914.

The economy of the municipality was dominated by orchards and agriculture, and later by livestock, dairy farming and forestry. Raperswilen has some wood processing companies, some light auto industry and a mica sand pit. Just over half the population commuted away from the municipality for work in 2000. In 2005 agriculture provided 43% of the jobs in the municipality.

Geography

Raperswilen has an area, as of 2009, of 7.67 square kilometers (2.96 sq mi). Of this area, 5.18 km2 (2.00 sq mi) or 67.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 2.1 km2 (0.81 sq mi) or 27.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.39 km2 (0.15 sq mi) or 5.1% is settled (buildings or roads).

Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 2.9% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 0.4% and transportation infrastructure made up 0.7%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 64.3% is used for growing crops, while 3.3% is used for orchards or vine crops.

The municipality is located in Kreuzlingen District. It is located in the Seerücken hills. It consists of the village of Raperswilen and the hamlets of Büren, Fischbach, Helsighausen, Müllberg and Sonnenberg.

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