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Raymond, Maine
Village square in 1906
Village square in 1906
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Location in Cumberland County and the state of Maine.
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Incorporated 1803
Villages Raymond
East Raymond
North Raymond
 • Total 44.75 sq mi (115.90 km2)
 • Land 33.18 sq mi (85.94 km2)
 • Water 11.57 sq mi (29.97 km2)
312 ft (95 m)
 • Total 4,536
 • Density 137/sq mi (52.8/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-61945
GNIS feature ID 0582692

Raymond is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 4,536 at the 2020 census. It is a summer recreation area and is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine metropolitan statistical area. Raymond Neck is the landing for the ferry to the town of Frye Island in Sebago Lake. The Raymond school system is currently affiliated with the Windham school system in a district known as RSU 14.


Raymondtown Plantation was granted in 1767 by the Massachusetts General Court to the descendants of Captain William Raymond of Beverly, Massachusetts, and his militia. It was the second attempt to repay the troop (or heirs) for service under Governor Sir William Phipps during the Battle of Quebec in 1690. A township had been awarded them in 1735 called Beverly-Canada (now Weare, New Hampshire), but in 1741 descendants of John Mason proved a prior claim.

The township at Sebago Lake was given to the Beverly Proprietors as compensation. It was first settled in 1770 by Captain Joseph Dingley and Dominicus Jordan of Cape Elizabeth, although most families arrived after the Revolutionary War. It was on the stage route to Bridgton. On June 21, 1803, the Raymondtown Plantation was incorporated as Raymond, named in honor of Captain Raymond. In 1829, land was annexed to help form the new town of Naples, and in 1841, Casco was set off and incorporated as a town.

The town provided agriculture and lumber products for Portland and other cities. Panther Run, which drains Panther Pond, provided water power for industry. Raymond village grew near the mills, which included a gristmill, sawmill, plaster mill, a stave factory and a children's sled factory. From about 1812 until 1825, Nathaniel Hawthorne lived in Raymond with his siblings and widowed mother. His later writings would reminisce about his boyhood hiking in the woods or fishing in the lake.

Automobile tourists discovered Raymond after designation of the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway in 1919 (identified as United States Route 302 since 1935).


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 44.75 square miles (115.90 km2), of which, 33.18 square miles (85.94 km2) of it is land and 11.57 square miles (29.97 km2) is water. Raymond village is located at the head of Jordan Bay on Sebago Lake.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 302 and state routes 85 and 121. It is bordered by Gray and Windham to the southeast, Casco to the northwest, and New Gloucester and Poland to the northeast. Frye Island is to the south in Sebago Lake.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 438
1810 826 88.6%
1820 1,388 68.0%
1830 1,756 26.5%
1840 2,032 15.7%
1850 1,142 −43.8%
1860 1,229 7.6%
1870 1,120 −8.9%
1880 1,132 1.1%
1890 927 −18.1%
1900 823 −11.2%
1910 677 −17.7%
1920 500 −26.1%
1930 446 −10.8%
1940 506 13.5%
1950 620 22.5%
1960 732 18.1%
1970 1,328 81.4%
1980 2,251 69.5%
1990 3,311 47.1%
2000 4,299 29.8%
2010 4,436 3.2%
2020 4,536 2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,436 people, 1,773 households, and 1,289 families living in the town. The population density was 133.7 inhabitants per square mile (51.6/km2). There were 2,852 housing units at an average density of 86.0 per square mile (33.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 1,773 households, of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.3% were non-families. 19.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.87.

The median age in the town was 44.6 years. 22% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.9% were from 25 to 44; 36% were from 45 to 64; and 13.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

Sites of interest

  • WGME-TV transmitter & WGME News 13 Skycam location
  • Clough's Corner Store

Notable people

  • Joseph Bruno, state legislator
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne, author
  • Bonnie Titcomb Lewis, state legislator
  • John Robinson, state legislator

See also

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