Richmond, Texas facts for kids

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Richmond, Texas
City
Motto: "A Charming Past. A Soaring Future"
Location of Richmond, Texas
Location of Richmond, Texas
Country United States
State Texas
County Fort Bend
incorporated 1837
Area
 • Total 4.3 sq mi (11.1 km2)
 • Land 3.9 sq mi (10.2 km2)
 • Water 0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,679
 • Density 2,973/sq mi (1,147.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77406, 77407, 77469
Area code(s) 281 832
FIPS code 48-61892
GNIS feature ID 1345187
Website richmondtx.gov

Richmond is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Fort Bend County, within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. As of the 2010 U.S. census, the city population was 11,679.

Even though it is the county seat, thus containing most of the local government offices, and the historic center of the area, it is actually one of the smaller cities in the area. Nearby Sugar Land is the largest city in the county.

History

In 1822, a group of Austin's colonists went up the Brazos River, stopping near present-day Richmond where they built a fort called "Fort Bend". Named after Richmond, England, the town was among the 19 cities first incorporated by the short-lived Republic of Texas, in 1837. Early residents of the city include many prominent figures in Texas lore such as Jane Long, Deaf Smith, and Mirabeau Lamar, who are all buried in Richmond. On August 16, 1889, the town was the site of the "Battle of Richmond", an armed fight culminating the Jaybird–Woodpecker War, a violent feud over post-Reconstruction political control of Fort Bend County. The mayor from 1949 until his death in 2012 was Hilmar Moore.

Historically Richmond had government agencies and nonprofit organizations, while most of the area private businesses were located in Rosenberg.

Geography

RichmondTXMap
Map of Richmond

Richmond is located near the center of Fort Bend County at 29°34′51″N 95°45′47″W / 29.580921°N 95.763000°W / 29.580921; -95.763000 (29.580921, -95.763000). Most of the city is situated on the southwest side of the Brazos River, with a small portion (Richmond Landing) on the northeast side, connected by US Highway 90A. Richmond is bordered to the southwest by the city of Rosenberg. US 90A leads east 8 miles (13 km) to Sugar Land and west through Rosenberg 19 miles (31 km) to East Bernard. Downtown Houston is 30 miles (48 km) to the northeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Richmond has a total area of 4.3 square miles (11.1 km2), of which 3.9 square miles (10.2 km2) is land and 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 8.22%, is water.

In 2003 Jeannie Kever of the Houston Chronicle said, "Some of the old buildings have been reincarnated as shops or law offices. But in other ways, life in Richmond isn't so different from that in the big city, with its Wal-Mart and fast-food joints, check-cashing businesses and strip-center sprawl." As of 2006 several strip malls are along U.S. Route 59 south of town. During the same year the community included tack stores, two-lane blacktop roads, and horse ranches. John P. Lopez of the Houston Chronicle said, "Richmond is a city of contradiction and transition. It's as if the place is not sure if it wants to be a part of Houston's bustle or remain a slow-paced farm and ranch town. It tries to be both," and, "It is part Acres Homes, part Fort Bend County Fair."

Communities

John P. Lopez of the Houston Chronicle said in 2006, "There are a lot of simple scenes. And there are places where reality has polluted neighborhoods."

The wealthiest neighborhood, as of 2003, in Richmond is Hillcrest. Winston Terrace, another neighborhood, had its first houses built in 1940. Construction increased around the end of World War II. Most of the houses were built between 1940 and 1965. Jeannie Kever of the Houston Chronicle said that Winston Terrace is "a swath of mid-20th-century America, with sweeping oak trees and colorful brick or wood bungalows, named for the descendants of one of the region's most illustrious pioneers."

"Mud Alley" as of 1985 had older bars and strip clubs. Mud Alley is located in an area which, in 1985, housed most of the African Americans in Richmond. As of 1993 many police raids for drugs occurred in "Mud Alley". "Mud Alley" was known by several other nicknames, including "Little Boomtown". Historically the area had a lot of recreational drugs.

Climate

  • The average warmest month is August.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 108 degrees Fahrenheit in 2000.
  • The average coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was 6 degrees Fahrenheit in 1949 and 1989.
  • The maximum average precipitation occurs in June.
Climate data for Richmond, TX
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F 84 89 92 95 99 102 105 105 108 98 91 90 108
Average high °F 65 68 74 81 88 93 95 96 91 84 75 67 81.4
Daily mean °F 55 58 64 71 79 84 86 87 81 74 65 56 71.7
Average low °F 44 48 53 61 69 75 77 77 71 63 54 45 61.4
Record low °F 6 9 21 32 47 56 63 60 47 30 22 6 6
Rainfall inches 3.55 3.18 3.43 3.36 4.30 5.65 3.97 4.43 5.10 5.28 4.84 3.37 50.46
Record high °C 28.9 31.7 33.3 35 37.2 38.9 40.6 40.6 42.2 36.7 32.8 32.2 42.2
Average high °C 18.3 20 23.3 27.2 31.1 33.9 35 35.6 32.8 28.9 23.9 19.4 27.44
Daily Mean °C 12.8 14.4 17.8 21.7 26.1 28.9 30 30.6 27.2 23.3 18.3 13.3 22.06
Average low °C 6.7 8.9 11.7 16.1 20.6 23.9 25 25 21.7 17.2 12.2 7.2 16.33
Record low °C -14.4 -12.8 -6.1 0 8.3 13.3 17.2 15.6 8.3 -1.1 -5.6 -14.4 -14.4
Rainfall mm 90.2 80.8 87.1 85.3 109.2 143.5 100.8 112.5 129.5 134.1 122.9 85.6 1,281.7

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 816
1880 1,156 41.7%
1890 993 −14.1%
1910 1,371
1920 1,273 −7.1%
1930 1,432 12.5%
1940 2,026 41.5%
1950 2,030 0.2%
1960 3,668 80.7%
1970 5,777 57.5%
1980 9,692 67.8%
1990 9,801 1.1%
2000 11,081 13.1%
2010 11,679 5.4%
Est. 2015 12,138 3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,081 people, 3,413 households, and 2,628 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,975.4 people per square mile (1,150.1/km2). There were 3,595 housing units at an average density of 965.3 per square mile (373.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 51.20% White, 10.55% African American, 0.63% Native American, 3.53% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 31.00% from other races, and 3.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 58.71% of the population.

There were 3,413 households out of which 39.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 18.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.16 and the average family size was 3.60.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,888, and the median income for a family was $35,801. Males had a median income of $27,457 versus $22,723 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,195. About 17.0% of families and 20.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.4% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

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