Kocharyan in 2003
|2nd President of Armenia|
9 April 1998 – 9 April 2008
Acting: 4 February – 9 April 1998
|Prime Minister||Armen Darbinyan
|Preceded by||Levon Ter-Petrossian|
|Succeeded by||Serzh Sargsyan|
|6th Prime Minister of Armenia|
20 March 1997 – 10 April 1998
|Preceded by||Armen Sargsyan|
|Succeeded by||Armen Darbinyan|
|1st President of Nagorno-Karabakh|
29 December 1994 – 20 March 1997
|Prime Minister||Leonard Petrosyan|
|Preceded by||Garen Baburyan(Acting)|
|Succeeded by||Leonard Petrosyan (Acting)|
|2nd Prime Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh|
August 1992 – 29 December 1994
|President||Georgy Petrosyan (Acting)
Garen Baburyan (Acting)
|Preceded by||Oleg Yesayan|
|Succeeded by||Leonard Petrosyan|
|Born||31 August 1954
Stepanakert, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
(now Azerbaijan (de jure)
Republic of Artsakh (de facto))
|Alma mater||National Polytechnic University of Armenia|
Robert Kocharyan (born 31 August 1954) is an Armenian politician who served as the second President of Armenia between 1998 and 2008. He was previously President of Nagorno-Karabakh from 1994 to 1997 and Prime Minister of Armenia from 1997 to 1998. He was arrested on December 7, 2018.
During most of his presidency, between 2001 and 2007, Armenia's economy grew on average by 12% annually, largely due to the construction boom. His presidency witnessed two of the bloodiest events in post-independence Armenian history: the 1999 Armenian parliament shooting and the killing of ten people during the 2008 presidential election protests. He has been held responsible for both events by the opposition, especially by Armenia's first president Levon Ter-Petrosyan and his party.
Both the 1998 and 2003 presidential elections were held in two rounds. They were disputed by the opposition candidates and criticized by international observers. Kocharyan and his family amassed a fortune and extensive business interests worth hundreds of millions of dollars if not billions during his time in office.
On July 26, 2018 the Special Investigative Service (SIS) of Armenia charged Kocharian with “overthrowing constitutional order of Armenia” during the final weeks of his rule. The SIS asked a Yerevan court to remand him in pre-trial custody. On July 27, 2018 he was arrested. On August 13, 2018 Kocharyan was freed from custody following a court ruling, but remained accused of the charges he was arrested for. On December 7, 2018 Kocharyan was arrested again following another ruling by the Court of Appeals. Armenia's Criminal Court of Appeal refused to release him from custody on February 7, 2019. Kocharyan‘s trial began on May 13, 2019. On May 18, 2019 Kocharyan was freed on bail from pre-trial detention. On June 25, 2019 he was arrested for the third time.
Kocharyan with Russian President Vladimir Putin, March 2002
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