kids encyclopedia robot

Sichuan facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Quick facts for kids
Sichuan Province

Name transcription(s)
 • Chinese 四川省 (Sìchuān Shěng)
 • Abbreviation SC / or (pinyin: Chuān or Shǔ
Sichuanese: Cuan1 or Su2
 • Sichuanese Si4cuan1 Sen3
Views within Jiuzhaigou
Views within Jiuzhaigou
Map showing the location of Sichuan Province
Map showing the location of Sichuan Province
Named for Short for 川峡四路 Chuānxiá sì-lù
literally "The Four Circuits
of the Plains and Gorges",
referring to the four circuits during the Song dynasty
(and largest city)
Divisions 21 prefectures, 181 counties, 5011 townships
 • Total 485,000 km2 (187,000 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Highest elevation
7,556 m (24,790 ft)
 • Total 81,100,000
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 167.22/km2 (433.1/sq mi)
 • Density rank 22nd
 • Ethnic composition Han – 95%
Yi – 2.6%
Tibetan – 1.5%
Qiang – 0.4%
Others - 0.5%
 • Languages and dialects Southwestern Mandarin (Sichuanese dialects), Khams Tibetan, Hakka Chinese
ISO 3166 code CN-SC
GDP (2017) CNY 3.70 trillion
USD 547.71 billion (6th)
 • per capita CNY 44,651
USD 6,613 (22nd)
HDI (2016) 0.72 (high) (23rd)

Sichuan (Chinese: 四川; pinyin: Sì Chuān) is a province in western China with its capital at Chengdu. It is also informally called 蜀 (pinyin: Shǔ). Its Governor is Wei Hong and its CPC Ctte Secretary is Wang Dongming. With a population of 87,250,000 (2006), Sichuan is the third most populated administrative division of China. Sichuan used to be the province with the most people in China before Chongqing was separated from it, making Henan the most populous. However, when including migrants, Guangdong has more people than Henan.


The name 四川 (pinyin: Sì Chuān) is an abbreviation of 四川路 (pinyin: Sì Chuān Lù, translated as "Four circuits/subdivisions of rivers"), which is itself shortened from 川峡四路 (pinyin: Chuān Xiá Sì Lù, translated as "Four circuits of rivers and gorges").


There are 18 subdivisions within Sichuan, including both prefecture-level cities and autonomous prefectures:

  • Chengdu
  • Mianyang
  • Deyang
  • Yibin
  • Panzhihua
  • Leshan
  • Nanchong
  • Zigong
  • Luzhou
  • Neijiang
  • Guangyuan
  • Suining
  • Ziyang
  • Guang'an
  • Ya'an
  • Meishan
  • Dazhou
  • Bazhong
  • Aba Tibetan Qiang Autonomous Prefecture
  • Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
  • Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture


Main altar before Shangqing Temple on Qingchengshan, in Chengdu, Sichuan
A pavilion of the Shangqing Temple (Taoist) in Qingchengshan, Chengdu.
Stinky tofu with goose blood
Hot pot in Mala style

Most people living in Sichuan are Han Chinese. There are also Tibetans, Yi people, Qiang and Naxi in the western side.


The Li Bai Memorial (located at his birthplace, Zhongba Town of northern Jiangyou County) is a museum in memory of the Chinese poet of the Tang Dynasty, Li Bai. It was prepared in 1962 on the occasion of 1,200th anniversary of his death, completed in 1981 and opened to the public in October 1982. The memorial is built in the style of the classic garden of the Tang Dynasty.


Sichuan has a long history of folk and classical music. Sichuan opera is an ancient tradition that very is well-known. The Sichuan lantern drama is popular in Sichuan. The Sichuan Conservatory of Music in Chengdu is one of the oldest of musical education in China, having been established in 1939.

There is also religious music in Sichuan, played by Taoist priests in their temples.

Traditional Sichuan folk music is usually played with instruments such as the bamboo flute, pan and cymbals, gong and horn.


Sichuan cuisine has an international reputation for being hot and numbing (Chinese: 麻辣), because of the common ingredient of the Sichuan peppercorn (Chinese: 花椒).

Some well-known Sichuan dishes include Kung Pao chicken (Chinese: 宮保雞丁; pinyin: Gōng Bǎo Jī Dīng) and Twice Cooked Pork (Chinese: 回鍋肉; pinyin: Huí Guō Ròu).


Most dialects of the Chinese language spoken in Sichuan, including the Chengdu dialect, are similar to the dialects of neighbouring provinces Yunnan, Guizhou and Chongqing Municipality.


  • Chinese Basketball Association
  • Chinese Football Association Super League
    • Chengdu Blades
  • Chinese Volleyball League
    • Sichuan Volleyball Team
  • China Table Tennis Super League
    • Sichuan Quan-Xing Table-Tennis Team


  • Southwestern University of Finance and Economics (Chengdu)
  • Sichuan University (Chengdu)
  • Southwest Jiaotong University (Chengdu)
  • University of Electronic Science and Technology of China (Chengdu)
  • Southwest University of Science and Technology (Mianyang)


UNESCO World Heritage Sites include:

  • Dazu Rock Carvings - officially part of Chongqing Municipality, not Sichuan
  • Huanglong, Scenic and Historic Interest Area
  • Jiuzhaigou Valley, Scenic and Historic Interest Area
  • Mount Emei, Scenic Area
    • Leshan Giant Buddha, Scenic Area
  • Mount Qincheng and Dujiangyan Irrigation System
  • Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries

Notable Sichuanese people

Images for kids

See also

Kids robot.svg In Spanish: Sichuan para niños

kids search engine
Sichuan Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.